Definition of relaxation in English:

relaxation

noun

  • 1The state of being free from tension and anxiety.

    ‘I guided my patient into a state of hypnotic relaxation’
    • ‘And this isn't just any tub; this one is complete with a pillow molded into the tub, promising ultimate comfort and relaxation.’
    • ‘Everything is designed for total comfort and relaxation.’
    • ‘Her symptoms persisted despite employment of hypnotic imagery for general relaxation, as well as specific imagery to relax her vocal cords.’
    • ‘This course aims to introduce people to these essences which can be used to bring about a renewal of positive energy, relaxation and well being.’
    • ‘Controls included remaining on a waiting list, anxiety management training, relaxation training, and non-directive psychotherapy.’
    • ‘Patients in the acupuncture group received therapy in which the acupuncture points related to relaxation and anxiety were stimulated.’
    • ‘Adult baths may also incorporate added amenities, such as whirlpool tubs, saunas, and bidets, which increase the level of relaxation and luxury.’
    • ‘They don't always come cheap, but often the expense is well worth the sheer relaxation and mental tranquillity that a week in the islands can so easily induce.’
    • ‘Sedative gases and drugs relieve anxiety and cause temporary relaxation without putting you to sleep.’
    • ‘Kraft completed a study of the possible value of hypnotic relaxation in the management of anxiety in 12 terminally ill patients with cancer.’
    • ‘Like the Finns have known for centuries Koreans have discovered that daily saunas bring rejuvenation, relaxation and general well-being.’
    • ‘Just remember that it is a matter of relaxation and being comfortable.’
    • ‘More people are dressing for comfort and relaxation.’
    • ‘In most instances, the patient already has received preoperative medication in an effort to lower her anxiety level and promote relaxation.’
    • ‘The body, mind and spirit are in harmony and you experience a feeling of contentment and relaxation today.’
    • ‘Since the body, mind and spirit are in harmony, you experience relaxation and contentment.’
    • ‘Two work-shops focusing specifically on positive thinking, relaxation, deep breathing and visualisation in pregnancy are planned for this month.’
    • ‘It typically produces a feeling of wellbeing, relaxation and sleepiness.’
    • ‘At first sight his five interlinked billboards, showing a series of outdoor scenes, exude a sense of relaxation and contentment.’
    • ‘The aim of the weekend will be one of complete relaxation and enhancement of well-being.’
    mental repose, composure
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Recreation or rest, especially after a period of work.
      ‘his favourite form of relaxation was reading detective novels’
      • ‘Combining this with a period of relaxation, perhaps by reading something light, meditating, or taking a hot bath can also help you get better sleep.’
      • ‘To help improve the quality of these attributes, a series of exercises should be undertaken in conjunction with a good and healthy diet, plus adequate rest and relaxation.’
      • ‘There is always lots of free time for relaxation and to explore the local area.’
      • ‘Yet wine tends to bespeak a lifestyle of luxury and relaxation, of the enjoyment and appreciation of the creation of the vintner.’
      • ‘This is a time of rest from sorrow and relaxation after a period of anxiety.’
      • ‘The summer vacation is always a period of enjoyment, relaxation and fun.’
      • ‘After a weekend of miserable torrential rain and high winds people across Kerry would do almost anything to escape the country for a few days of rest and relaxation in the sunshine.’
      • ‘Nothing is guaranteed in this sport - at least the scenery and relaxation is great and they're free!’
      • ‘Hargreaves has a funny notion of relaxation - the foursome used their free time to build their own recording studio.’
      • ‘Fiji and the Solomon Islands are much better known for relaxation than tension.’
      • ‘This doesn't mean you can't enjoy some daily rest and relaxation.’
      • ‘Families en route to Belize can tailor make a holiday that combines rest and relaxation for the parents with fun and education for the children.’
      • ‘While you may be eager to begin this period of rest and relaxation, don't be in a rush to jump in the car after a long day of work.’
      • ‘It is due to ignorance, confusion and anxiety that parents subject their children to a strict schedule, denying them rest, relaxation and enjoyment.’
      • ‘This provides time for independent work, if students and professors choose, and is a more manageable amount of rest and relaxation.’
      • ‘In the summer, the most popular forms of relaxation are trips to the beach at Lake Sevan and picnics in the countryside, where they roast meat and vegetables over open fires.’
      • ‘He evidently preferred not to take sabbaticals in order to keep his summers free for writing and relaxation.’
      • ‘Then it was off to Bondai beach for a little rest and relaxation and to sample the Christmas turkey by the sea before hiring a camper and setting off into ‘the bush’.’
      • ‘Everywhere you go there is the customary welcome drink, a pick-up to take you to a standard room for rest and relaxation before the pilgrimage.’
      • ‘A three-week rest and relaxation period, originally scheduled for Geraldton, will now be held in Carnarvon before the ship sets sail for the Mid West again.’
    2. 1.2The loss of tension in a part of the body, especially in a muscle when it ceases to contract.
      • ‘One study evaluated paced respiration, muscle relaxation, or biofeedback control in 33 menopausal women with frequent hot flashes.’
      • ‘Junctin is an important membrane protein that can influence the contraction and relaxation of the heart muscles when it merges with calcium ions.’
      • ‘People with heartburn have either chronic weakness of that muscle or inappropriate relaxation of the muscle.’
      • ‘The relaxation of the sphincter muscle lasts for 5 to 10 seconds.’
      • ‘Nitroglycerin causes relaxation of vascular smooth muscle in both arteries and veins, although the effect on veins predominates at low doses.’
      • ‘Stimulation of a beta receptor causes muscle vasodilation, bronchial relaxation, and cardiac acceleration.’
      • ‘Some athletes routinely use biofeedback, muscle relaxation techniques, meditation, yoga, and stress management techniques.’
      • ‘I wouldn't be surprised if the thin eating champs were born with weak pyloric sphincters, or exhibit higher capacity for smooth muscle relaxation.’
      • ‘Dr. O'Neill could have provided valuable assistance especially with respect to uterine relaxation before and during the manoeuvres to free the fetus.’
      • ‘Music, massage, imagery, progressive muscle relaxation, biofeedback, and therapeutic touch are a few examples.’
      • ‘The depth and rate of breathing are controlled by special centres in the brain, which influence the nerves that cause contraction and relaxation of the muscles of respiration.’
      • ‘These may include muscle relaxation, yoga, biofeedback and deep breathing.’
      • ‘More structured techniques, such as progressive muscle relaxation and neutral guided imagery may be more suited for these individuals.’
      • ‘In addition, you might try other strategies, such as progressive muscle relaxation, acupuncture and acupressure.’
      • ‘The contraction and relaxation of cardiac muscle results from the depolarisation and repolarisation of myocardial cells.’
      • ‘It should be noticed that contraction of the smooth muscles results in relaxation or detumescence.’
      • ‘Biofeedback and progressive muscle relaxation training demonstrated some decrease in hot flushes.’
      • ‘Time management, biofeedback, or muscle relaxation techniques also may help.’
      • ‘This muscle relaxation causes your throat tissues to sag.’
      • ‘The efflux of potassium ions hyperpolarizes the cell membrane, resulting in vascular smooth muscle relaxation.’
  • 2The action of making a rule or restriction less strict.

    ‘relaxation of censorship rules’
    • ‘But as soon as consumers demand the repeal or relaxation of these restrictions, the farmers rise in their defense.’
    • ‘He predicted further relaxation of the rules in the future.’
    • ‘In the week that the government launched its road safety charter, the construction industry is seeking relaxation of restrictions on the loads carried by dumpers using roads.’
    • ‘The relaxation of restrictions on the movement of farm machinery will be of particular value in the context of those who now wish to cut silage.’
    • ‘The need for a relaxation of the rules governing participation in milk production partnerships was also highlighted.’
    • ‘Airline companies have been crying out for a relaxation of the rules that would allow consolidation within the industry.’
    • ‘So, this temporary relaxation of the rule requiring trustees to provide transfer values to ex-members may halt the migration of some money from company pension schemes.’
    • ‘Financial deregulation may be defined as an unambiguous relaxation of the rules of financial-services competition for all players.’
    • ‘The relaxation of rules and the news that crude oil in the Strategic Petroleum Reserve will be made available helped calm the energy markets.’
    • ‘Events in France were preceded by Joseph II's relaxation of the harsh restrictions on the civil liberties of the Jewish population.’
    • ‘I recall that in the 1950s some enterprising spirits asked the Permanent Secretary if some relaxation of this rule could be allowed.’
    • ‘The deal followed earlier relaxation of rules governing India's foreign ownership legislation in the media sector.’
    • ‘But Mr. Walsh said that in the light of the continuing threat, no relaxation of the current restriction on animal movement is possible at present.’
    • ‘He repeatedly stressed he was not linking aid to any relaxation of the rules on soccer and insisted no pre-conditions would be fixed to a GAA grant application.’
    • ‘There are no ‘exceptional’ or ‘policy’ grounds that would warrant the relaxation of the normal rules as to causation.’
    • ‘Kung felt that Konner's presence permitted this relaxation of the ethical rules.’
    • ‘There have been increased calls for a relaxation of the rule.’
    • ‘A farm leader has welcomed Minister Joe Walsh's further relaxation on animal movement restrictions imposed during the foot-and-mouth emergency.’
    • ‘Thirdly, there was an explosion of country banks, made possible by the relaxation in the rules governing the supply of money.’
    • ‘In fact, the strong trend in the country is toward the relaxation of rules disfavoring gay parenting.’
    moderation, modification, easing, loosening, lessening, lightening, slackening
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  • 3Physics
    The restoration of equilibrium following disturbance.

    • ‘However, such a complex formula would hardly be of practical use for analysing measured pressure relaxation curves.’
    • ‘The high relaxation rate may indicate a surface crossing (conical intersection) between both states.’
    • ‘The large bandwidths of the bands reflected the short lifetime of these states due to fast exciton relaxation.’
    • ‘After light excitation, the protein transfers the excess energy via vibrational relaxation to the surrounding water bath.’
    • ‘The process of vibrational relaxation involves the dissipation of excess vibrational energy into the surroundings.’

Pronunciation:

relaxation

/riːlakˈseɪʃ(ə)n/