Definition of relation in English:

relation

noun

  • 1The way in which two or more people or things are connected; a thing's effect on or relevance to another.

    ‘questions about the relation between writing and reality’
    ‘the size of the targets bore no relation to their importance’
    • ‘The present study does not offer a causal relation between primary hyperparathyroidism and the development of renal stone disease.’
    • ‘Hence the assertion of a causal relation between physical and mental events is inherently paradoxical, perhaps even incoherent.’
    • ‘This indicates a causal relation between the two, but that leaves three possibilities’
    • ‘Such an analysis obscures the relation between miscarriages at different stages of gestation and maternal age.’
    • ‘Dimensions of quality space can vary in their dependence relations on each other.’
    • ‘It may also be hard to see the relation between cause and effect.’
    • ‘Thus organic bodies vary when they move into new relations with each other and with the inorganic environment.’
    • ‘Secondly, there is the lack of emotion in relations between husband and wife and between parents and children.’
    • ‘If, however, we adopt the second hypothesis, we have to inquire only as to the relation between cause and effect.’
    • ‘Rather, they involve a relation between a believer and a thought believed.’
    • ‘How would you regard the relation between your critical and poetic activities?’
    • ‘What is the causal relation between the pattern of division and cell differentiation?’
    • ‘A causal relation between asthma and obesity is supported by data from cohort studies.’
    • ‘Together with the supposed necessary truth, it implies the obtaining of the causal relation between agent and action.’
    • ‘In addition, symbolic beliefs did not mediate the relation between prior contact and attitudes for either group.’
    • ‘We used a sensitivity analysis to test the effect of different assumptions on the relation between income and management costs.’
    • ‘Our findings suggest a causal relation between second teenage birth and adverse pregnancy outcome.’
    • ‘Therefore, in our study, symbolic beliefs do not mediate the relation between prior contact and attitudes.’
    • ‘But when it comes to the relation between sense and reference, the analogy could mislead.’
    • ‘His words of lament emphasize the inalienable relation of father to daughter or bride to homeland.’
    connection, relationship, association, link, correlation, correspondence, parallel, tie-in, tie-up, alliance, bond, interrelation, interconnection
    relevance, applicability, application, reference, pertinence, bearing on, regard
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1The way in which two or more people or groups feel about and behave towards each other.
      ‘the improvement in relations between the two countries’
      ‘the meetings helped cement Anglo-American relations’
      • ‘After a mother dies, relations between her children are often not close.’
      • ‘He's not evil, just understandably screwed up by the failure of his marriage and the continuing decline in relations with his mother.’
      • ‘Your wisdom and intuition take you towards better relations with people.’
      • ‘Inmates also enjoy better relations with each other.’
      • ‘Accordingly, the husband determined the marital domicile and was the dominant figure in the relation of parent and child.’
      • ‘Nor should a parent instill disrespect in a child for the other parent as this may well undermine a child's relations with that parent.’
      • ‘They also recognise the importance of a considered approach towards employee relations.’
      • ‘We are all the same people, but our relations with each other have changed.’
      • ‘It would also be interesting to examine other areas of family conflict and parent-child relations.’
      • ‘During prepubescence, relations between brothers and sisters are free and easy.’
      • ‘Her uncle cut off all relations with her parents, who supported her decision to enter the academy.’
      • ‘Bronfenbrenner indicated the need for closer relations between schools and families.’
      • ‘She never had close relations with her mother, who abhorred the nature of Mafia business and stayed away from any criminal activity.’
      • ‘It defines social relations, possible marriage partners, and often jobs as well.’
      • ‘They want a security guarantee, formal diplomatic relations with the US, and tons of money, food, and oil.’
      • ‘Customs centering on marriage and gender relations are hotly debated.’
      • ‘The marriage stabilized relations between the English and Powhatans until after her death.’
      • ‘In the UK's hour of greatest need, Churchill's relations with Roosevelt were conducted with tact and a great sureness of touch.’
      • ‘Slovenes maintain close relations with their parents, siblings, and extended families.’
      • ‘I think that qualifies as a small step towards improved bilateral relations, don't you?’
    2. 1.2formal Sexual intercourse.
      ‘did you always have good, healthy relations with your wife?’
      • ‘Do you promise to moan continually about lack of conjugal relations?’
      • ‘Sexual relations between men and young children played no part in Greek pederasty.’
      • ‘Some people are looking for a serious relationship, while some just want to chat, date or have casual relations.’
      • ‘Elsewhere, he reiterated the biblical and natural law arguments against homosexual relations.’
      • ‘Sexual relations are right and proper only within marriage.’
      • ‘Monogamy and legal marriage are the norm, but extramarital and premarital relations are common.’
      • ‘If a father committed incestuous relations with his daughter, he would be banished.’
      • ‘Sexual relations have ceased after the death in infancy of their son some years before.’
      • ‘At the same time, it doesn't exploit lesbian relations as a kinky fad.’
      • ‘Sexual relations between adult and child were seen as benefitting the child rather than gratifying the adult.’
      • ‘Sexual relations with children may not ever have been precisely an accepted or approved practice.’
      • ‘Sexual relations with anyone but the legitimate spouse, as noted above, were and are still deemed illicit.’
      • ‘Sexual relations were not for pleasure but for the production of children only.’
      • ‘Sexual relations between secondary school students and their teachers should not be tolerated.’
      • ‘Sex is wonderful, but he has another woman he has relations with, and we all live in the same building.’
      • ‘If the world had more of an open mind about gay and lesbian relations there wouldn't be as much commotion about the subject at hand.’
      • ‘Serials in which extramarital relations and marital problems are shown, tend to have a worse effect on the psyche of a child.’
  • 2A person who is connected by blood or marriage; a relative.

    ‘he has no close relations’
    • ‘He is survived by his wife Tess, three sons and two daughters, family relations and a host of friends he made through the music business.’
    • ‘We extend to all her sons, daughters, grandchildren, relations and friends our heartfelt sympathy.’
    • ‘At this stage, I was finding it upsetting, seeing a close relation, who once knew me well, so disorientated.’
    • ‘The man he had ordered killed must have been a close relation of hers; most likely her father.’
    • ‘We extend sincere sympathy to his mother Maisie, sister and brothers, relations and many friends.’
    • ‘He is survived by his nephews, nieces, brother-in-law, sister-in-law and by other relations.’
    • ‘This means that we all know and probably have a close relation who has had an abortion in England.’
    • ‘He is survived by his sister Margaret in England, nephew and niece, relations, neighbours and friends.’
    • ‘The majority are fathers, brothers, uncles, relations, neighbours or babysitters.’
    • ‘She is survived by her husband, sons, mother, brothers, sisters, nephews, nieces and other relations.’
    • ‘Sincere sympathy is extended to his nieces, nephews and relations.’
    • ‘Sympathy is extended to his wife, family, relations and friends.’
    • ‘He is mourned by his wife Marie, children, grandchildren and relations.’
    • ‘They didn't even look like distant relations of each other, much less the same person.’
    • ‘Perhaps there is comfort here for anyone who dreads the death of a close relation.’
    • ‘She is survived by her sons, daughters, brother, grandchildren, nephews, nieces and by other relations.’
    • ‘Had he not been his brother and his closest relation, he would have murdered him in cold blood.’
    • ‘Are many of your relations students, available only during the holidays or the summer?’
    • ‘The definition does not include your cousins or any relations by marriage.’
    • ‘Parents, uncles, aunts, and relations were present for the memorable occasion.’
    relative, member of someone's family, member of the family, one's flesh and blood, one's own flesh and blood, next of kin
    View synonyms
  • 3[mass noun] The action of telling a story.

    • ‘She is calumniated by some people, who think the relation of this story to be a reflection.’
    • ‘Their death lives on in the relation of this story.’
    enumeration, list, litany, catalogue, listing, detailing, itemizing, specification
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • in relation to

    • In the context of; in connection with.

      ‘there is an ambiguity in the provisions in relation to children's hearings’
      • ‘I will let him make his own application in relation to that, but it will be resisted in due course.’
      • ‘That is all you could be asked to provide by way of evidence in relation to that.’
      • ‘We do not see why they cannot be a relevant factor in relation to this issue as well.’
      • ‘We think it right to construe it in relation to what one would normally think of as legal costs.’
      • ‘The next item that is criticised is the instructions of counsel in relation to that.’
      • ‘Would you just concentrate on the time in relation to which you gave the answer.’
      • ‘It is the provision in relation to danger to the public safety or to the peace which was relied on in both cases.’
      • ‘A preliminary reference can be made in relation to three types of subject matter.’
      • ‘That seems to me to be a perfectly proper direction in relation to the provision.’
      • ‘They fixed their policy in relation to that of the home market and home government.’
      regarding, concerning, with reference to, referring to, with regard to, with respect to, respecting, relating to, in relation to, on, touching on, dealing with, relevant to, with relevance to, in the context of, connected with, on the subject of, in the matter of, apropos, re
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French, or from Latin relatio(n-), from referre bring back (see relate).

Pronunciation:

relation

/rɪˈleɪʃ(ə)n/