Definition of relapse in English:

relapse

verb

[NO OBJECT]
Pronunciation /rɪˈlaps/
  • 1(of a sick or injured person) deteriorate after a period of improvement.

    ‘two of the patients in remission relapsed after 48 months’
    • ‘When people relapsed despite the aversions, the researchers asked them a lot of questions about what happened.’
    • ‘He ended up relapsing and he also ended up dying on the street.’
    • ‘This finding is clinically significant since it explains why many patients relapsed after being directly switched from clozapine to risperidone.’
    • ‘We offered endoscopy to patients who relapsed.’
    • ‘And she didn't have that at that point, so she's relapsing.’
    • ‘Ten out of the eleven patients relapsed after discontinuing MPA against medical advice.’
    • ‘The patient had relapsed 1 year prior to the current presentation and was treated with 2-clorodeoxyadenosine.’
    • ‘Thirteen patients relapsed after positive response to therapy and developed tumors at pre-existing or new sites within the body.’
    • ‘If patients relapsed, they were crossed over to the other treatment regimen.’
    • ‘However, when light therapy was discontinued, patients quickly relapsed, whereas patients on tryptophan had a slower relapse rate.’
    • ‘He has apparently given up drugs on three or four occasions, but he has relapsed.’
    • ‘Two of the 11 patients relapsed on valproic acid.’
    • ‘One patient relapsed upon discontinuation of clarithromycin therapy but has since responded to re-initiation of treatment.’
    • ‘It was reported some patients relapsed within days to months after the reserpine treatment.’
    • ‘Tell them I've relapsed if you have to, but please don't tell them what I've been doing.’
    • ‘They have relapsed back into their old ways, the revival already forgotten.’
    • ‘Anyone who has familiarity with chemical dependency treatment knows of circumstances where leaders have relapsed or not been honest about their recovery.’
    • ‘All patients were cured ultimately and no patients relapsed during six months of follow up.’
    • ‘In the nortriptyline-lithium group, only one patient relapsed after five weeks of medication.’
    • ‘Ten patients relapsed after the completion of treatment.’
    get ill again, get worse again, have a relapse, suffer a relapse, worsen, deteriorate, degenerate, take a turn for the worse, sicken, weaken, fail, sink
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    1. 1.1relapse into Return to (a less active or a worse state)
      ‘he relapsed into silence’
      • ‘Two clients relapsed to abusive drinking, and one of those clients was charged with a third driving-under-the-influence citation.’
      • ‘As for Hodge, there is little doubt that he will relapse into his traditional scapegoat role today in the eyes of the Scottish rugby public.’
      • ‘Different people relapse into silence for different reasons.’
      • ‘Despite claims she has relapsed into her old eating habits, Mary-Kate's spokesman said it was something all patients had to do when they were released..’
      • ‘The Lords sought to change the legislation to make it apply to people who had suffered debilitating depression and had recovered but then relapsed into further bouts.’
      • ‘Doctors do not know how many relapsed into mental listlessness or took the extreme step.’
      • ‘Bankura superintendent of police Anil Kumar said that the family members had relapsed into sullen silence, refusing to speak to anyone.’
      • ‘This turns out to be a great strain after some time, and it relapses into its bad ways again.’
      • ‘He had lost the employment through no fault of his own, rowed with his girlfriend and the combination led him to relapse into drinking and taking too many pills.’
      • ‘At home, however, he relapsed into his shakahari ways.’
      • ‘If that's true, then a former inmate who already has what it takes to clean up his act isn't likely to relapse into a life of crime just because he can't cast a ballot.’
      • ‘But after three decades of lull, it has started relapsing into anarchy and violence.’
      • ‘For many of the respondents, living on the streets meant relapsing into drug use.’
      • ‘Careful checks are made on how people fare after the help and very few relapse into this type of problem.’
      • ‘We're spending a whale of a lot of money to try to do that, and we'd prefer that it not relapse into becoming another haven or sanctuary for terrorists that go around the world killing people.’
      • ‘The main goal of this intervention is to keep him motivated and to avoid a relapse into a less active lifestyle.’
      • ‘Let it be hoped that we can refrain from relapsing into the bad old habits once the dreaded epidemic is over, so a new Shanghai with a new outlook will emerge in the long run.’
      • ‘Burma, so beautiful and prosperous 50 years ago, has relapsed into barbarity.’
      • ‘He would have stable periods in a relationship and then relapse into physical abuse.’
      • ‘He calls it a blip and likens it to a reformed alcoholic relapsing into a 24-hour binge.’
      revert, lapse
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noun

Pronunciation /rɪˈlaps//ˈriːlaps/
  • A deterioration in someone's state of health after a temporary improvement.

    ‘he responded well to treatment, but then suffered a relapse’
    • ‘In all patients with relapses of the disease this biochemical parameter shows its importance.’
    • ‘In the first placebo controlled trial conducted in rapid cycling disorder, lamotrigine improved the overall relapse rate.’
    • ‘However, once treatment was stopped, there were no differences in the rates of relapses and new brain lesions between the two groups.’
    • ‘A small proportion of patients with mucosal disease will have repeated relapses.’
    • ‘These agents offer shorter treatment courses, higher cure rates and fewer relapses.’
    • ‘Systemically administered steroids have been shown to decrease hospital admission rates and prevent asthma relapses.’
    • ‘In salmonella infections relapses of enteritis or bacteraemia are common.’
    • ‘Many of these patients also experienced a relapse of their psychotic illness after the pregnancy.’
    • ‘Despite initial immunological or pharmacological control, remote relapses of intracellular leishmanial infections are well recognised.’
    • ‘She emphasised she had a realistic plan to try and avoid a relapse into the cycle of drug use and crime which has had her in its grip for the past five years.’
    • ‘The secretary fills such crucial roles as mapping patient response to drug therapies aimed at reducing relapses and resulting disability, a relatively new dimension in MS care.’
    • ‘In view of these considerations, the selection of empirical treatment regimens for patients with relapses should be based on the prior treatment scheme.’
    • ‘During follow up some of them had a bacteriological relapse of the disease within one and a half years.’
    • ‘Lower doses of metronidazole are often effective in invasive disease but may fail to eliminate the intraluminal infection, allowing clinical relapses to occur.’
    • ‘The drug reduced the rate of clinical relapses in MS patients by up to 66% and was slowing the development of brain lesions.’
    • ‘Patients with frequent relapses often exhibit new lesions after enhancement with gadolinium, indicating focal breakdown of the blood-brain barrier.’
    • ‘The measure of the sterilizing activity of a regimen is reflected by the relapse rate after successful treatment.’
    • ‘Discrimination may bring on loss of job, home, or friendship, precipitating a depressive episode or relapses of schizophrenia.’
    • ‘During the treatment period, the drug significantly reduced new lesions in the brain and reduced the number of patients suffering relapses.’
    • ‘The primary endpoint at one-year was the reduction in the rate of clinical relapses.’
    deterioration, worsening of someone's condition, turn for the worse, setback, weakening
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Origin

Late Middle English: from Latin relaps- ‘slipped back’, from the verb relabi, from re- ‘back’ + labi ‘to slip’. Early senses referred to a return to heresy or wrongdoing.

Pronunciation

relapse

Verb/rɪˈlaps/

relapse

Noun/rɪˈlaps//ˈriːlaps/