Definition of reinforcement in English:

reinforcement

noun

  • 1[mass noun] The action or process of reinforcing or strengthening:

    ‘older electricity mains required reinforcement to meet increased demand’
    • ‘The reinforcement of policing in key areas, especially at bus stops, cinemas, etc., is the need of the hour.’
    • ‘Most walls can be constructed simply by stacking the blocks up, while others that will be tall or have to restrain heavy loads may require special reinforcement.’
    • ‘Tile and slate roofing is very heavy, sometimes requiring structural reinforcement.’
    • ‘Several concrete components of the dam will also be upgraded and strengthened by adding concrete for reinforcement.’
    • ‘Cast-in hardware can be positioned for structural reinforcement or to facilitate installation.’
    • ‘The weight of the unit required reinforcement of the ramps.’
    • ‘The moulding is another area where reinforcement may be required.’
    • ‘Today's custom homes will accommodate most luxury tubs, but floor joists may require reinforcement in older homes if the tub is oversized especially whirlpool baths.’
    • ‘In April, Russia's atomic energy minister said the cement encasing is collapsing and urgently needs reinforcement.’
    • ‘Railtrack engineers worked around the clock to re-open the line - but a 20 mph limit will remain for at least three months as a £5m reinforcement of the embankment takes place.’
    • ‘Fibers frequently are added to increase the plaster's strength, provide reinforcement and reduce or eliminate cracking.’
    • ‘Sometimes reinforcement of floors, walls or ceilings may be needed, as may be cladding of exposed surfaces and corners to prevent self injury.’
    • ‘I would like to set them immediately to overseeing the wall's reinforcement.’
    • ‘In our retrospective long-term study, the area of partial rupture did not require reinforcement in most cases.’
    • ‘Should a reinforcement of its structure through greater unification be promoted in the short to middle term?’
    • ‘Lightweight garage doors require reinforcement with a 2 x 4 board at least 6 feet in length.’
    augmentation, increase, supplementing, boosting, swelling, building up, build-up, topping up
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    1. 1.1 The process of encouraging or establishing a belief or pattern of behaviour:
      ‘positive feedback leads to reinforcement’
      • ‘Positive reinforcement can strengthen your child's self-esteem and foster a sense of independence.’
      • ‘All owners will be told how to correct the dog's behaviour and how reinforcement of good behaviour will pay more dividends than punishment.’
      • ‘My fear is that we are setting ourselves up for a vicious circle where family breakdown is perpetuated by the reinforcement and extension of behaviours which make it all the more likely.’
      • ‘Seeking guidance and reinforcement on how to cope with the mounting fear of failure and the loss of self, we turn to the media, which is in most cases represented by television.’
      • ‘On the other hand, reputation also locks people into particular patterns of collaboration and interaction through reinforcement.’
      • ‘It is essential to teach and model desired behaviours, and the benefits of positive reinforcement are well established.’
      • ‘Some parents find that positive reinforcement helps to encourage the child throughout treatment.’
      • ‘You get there together through a chain of cooperation, support, reinforcement and a willingness to share talents and gifts with others.’
      • ‘Family role models, media and literature images, and social reinforcement also help develop the attitudes and beliefs that underlie abusive behaviour.’
      • ‘The best way to reduce misbehavior is to provide abundant positive reinforcement for good behavior.’
      • ‘Finally, he said, as professors try to maximize the likelihood of student success, they may resort to using positive reinforcement for successful behavior.’
      • ‘Formal policies and guidelines are the starting point here, but they need to be backed up by training, enforcement and reinforcement to prevent behavioral lapses.’
      • ‘Teachers are often unaware that they encourage inappropriate behavior through reinforcement.’
      • ‘Spouses attend all the sessions and are instructed in basic behavior modification techniques, especially giving positive reinforcement and avoiding criticism.’
      • ‘Positive reinforcement for desirable behavior will reduce reliance on punishment.’
      • ‘A good dog training program will focus on allowing the dog to learn just what is expected of it, and will use positive reinforcement to reward desired behaviors.’
      • ‘However, some will need continued encouragement and positive reinforcement from parents and teachers for this good start not to become swamped by schoolyard attitudes.’
      • ‘Although verbal praise was mentioned least often, several of the parents appeared to be aware of the need to increase this type of reinforcement.’
      • ‘Use positive reinforcement instead of criticism.’
      • ‘In addition, parents were trained in providing support and positive reinforcement and assistance as their adolescent began using the skills being taught.’
    2. 1.2reinforcements Extra personnel sent to increase the strength of an army or similar force:
      ‘a small force would hold the position until reinforcements could be sent’
      • ‘With reinforcements, the force at the base numbered about 50 soldiers that night.’
      • ‘By the end of 1938, the arrival of large military reinforcements meant that resistance was largely subdued.’
      • ‘Military reinforcements had to engage in bloody street fighting in order to restore government authority.’
      • ‘The Army sent in reinforcements to the town.’
      • ‘In September 1863 the Union wanted to send reinforcements from the Army of the Potomac to eastern Tennessee.’
      • ‘The first move of the Navy Department was to send available reinforcements to European waters.’
      • ‘The hard-pressed British garrison called for army and air force reinforcements.’
      • ‘He had already called the department asking them to send the reinforcements.’
      • ‘They remain on station, but report that the intruders may send reinforcements, and they cannot hold if that is the case.’
      • ‘The reinforcement and para-military forces was rushed to the spot.’
      • ‘McNaughton failed to find reinforcements, and his army commanders in Canada were increasingly rebellious.’
      • ‘They held them off until reinforcements arrived.’
      • ‘When Navy aircraft reported that enemy reinforcements were moving in rapidly, the partisans began a wild run to the beach.’
      • ‘Throughout the day, Grant rode through his command rallying the force in spite of the lateness of reinforcements.’
      • ‘The Black Sea Fleet brought reinforcements and supplies to forces of the Caucasian and Romanian fronts.’
      • ‘They will retreat, and return to the main army for reinforcements.’
      • ‘In a few minutes, the SS men blasted into the building, but reinforcements from the windowless room held them off.’
      • ‘If the reinforcements are required, the Pakistan army will send more reinforcement.’
      • ‘He explained that by the time the police reinforcement arrived, a team had entered the building and confronted the robber.’
      • ‘They attack pre-selected targets and withdraw before enemy reinforcements can arrive.’
      additional troops, fresh troops, additional police, supplementaries, auxiliaries, reserves
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    3. 1.3 The strengthening structure or material employed in reinforced concrete or plastic:
      ‘glass-fibre reinforcement’
      [count noun] ‘reinforcements set in the concrete’
      • ‘The aqueduct, built from concrete and containing 529 tonnes of steel reinforcement, is part of the £12m Semington bypass project.’
      • ‘Ordinary galvanized barbed wire can be used between the tubes to provide reinforcement, and to make the structures resistant to earthquakes.’
      • ‘Elli tries to avoid plastics with glass-fiber reinforcement that doesn't flow easily through long, thin-wall mold features.’
      • ‘Embedding flax fibers into composite materials and nonwoven sheets provides strength and reinforcement to the goods.’
      • ‘Their protruding bits of pipe suggest plumbing or wiring or structural reinforcement.’
      • ‘Two layers of horizontal steel reinforcement were introduced at 7.5 cm from top and bottom of footing slab.’
      • ‘The works will include breaking out areas of defective concrete and replacing with concrete repair mortar and sacrificial anodes, which will help to prolong the life of the embedded steel reinforcement.’
      • ‘Some 115 tonnes of reinforcements were used to strengthen the bank's strong rooms.’
      • ‘Structure, enclosure and finishes are achieved in a single operation, with reinforcement bars simply threaded through the brick joints.’
      • ‘The steel reinforcement begins to carry significant load only after the concrete cracks.’
      • ‘Stiffening and reinforcement could take the building higher, but not without adding considerable expense.’
      • ‘Now, after 40 years of damaging pedestrians and vehicles as the tiny tiles became unstuck, and allowing water to corrode the concrete's steel reinforcement, the building's owner has decided to act.’
      • ‘While download is typically very similar between a one-story and a two-story deck, the higher deck may require a larger foundation, additional bracing or other reinforcement.’
      • ‘In the construction of the works, the contractor has imported 30,000 tonnes of concrete and 1,500 tonnes of steel reinforcement.’
      • ‘So what you have is a small, metallic case with plastic reinforcements at the corners, a little bit like a shockproof watch.’
      • ‘Cross-wire reinforcement of the mortar joints can be included to strengthen the panel, providing as much mechanical strength against break-in as a brick wall.’
      • ‘Tubing reinforcement often involves many layers of different materials.’
      • ‘There was a loud explosion and cracks appeared in the roof, revealing concrete nine inches thick, with steel reinforcement, but several more charges were detonated before the roof finally collapsed and the walls crumbled in.’
      • ‘Structural welded wire reinforcement is produced by more than a dozen companies throughout North America.’
      strengthening, fortification, bolstering, shoring up, propping up, buttressing, underpinning, bracing, stiffening, supporting, holding up
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Pronunciation

reinforcement

/riːɪnˈfɔːsm(ə)nt/