Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A tall, slender-leaved plant of the grass family, which grows in water or on marshy ground.
- ‘The initial housing is usually made out of light reed matting.’
- ‘They were sitting together beside a pool of water, surrounded by reeds and trailing plants.’
- ‘We canoed across the lake, through the water reeds which the Finns make into small pipes.’
- ‘Edible reeds, rushes and grasses can be incorporated into both shallow and deep ponds, providing additional food for humans and wildlife.’
- ‘I even noticed a juvenile white-crowned sparrow in the reeds along the water, newly arrived on its wintering grounds.’
- ‘Because we had long lengths of wide ditches where tall reeds grew in proliferation, we used to cut them using long-polled scythes and tie the stems into bundles.’
- ‘Two identical white reed Victorian garden chairs with high round arching backs stood ready.’
- ‘It was filled with low bushes, dead grass, reeds, and shallow black water.’
- ‘I lay there a long time amongst the grasses and reeds, struggling to keep my head above the water, and trying not to be seen as the enemy searched for me.’
- ‘After numerous trips and hours of staring at the water and surrounding reeds, I still had not seen the kingfisher.’
- ‘Water lilies, reeds and sometimes, on hot days and nights, mists articulate the change between the heavily trafficked street and the park.’
- ‘The soft pad of papyrus reed sandals made me turn around.’
- ‘He was especially drawn to the movement of taller plants, reeds and grasses.’
- ‘Wisteria, weeping willows and reeds are mirrored in the calm of the pond.’
- ‘Avoid docking or beaching where plants such as reeds, grasses and mangroves are located.’
- ‘The common reed is a tall perennial grass found in marshes and along river and lake edges.’
- ‘They were meant to imitate reed matting on the walls.’
- ‘There are also several contributions on the sulphur-analog selenium, and on non-crop plant species, such as the common reed, algae and mosses.’
- ‘Sometimes, the nests are also built on the ground among reeds.’
- ‘The foothills themselves were coated in long, green grass with reeds growing at the riverbanks.’
- ‘Aquatic plants come in many forms, from relatively simple multi-cellular algae to reeds and water lilies.’
- ‘Look again for flooded areas, especially where long grasses and reeds lie over the water's surface.’
- ‘Bending down gracefully, she snapped a thick reed from the ground, and tied it around her mass of curly hair.’
- ‘Suddenly there was a loud hissing sound and thrashing of water from behind the reeds.’
- 1.1 Used in names of plants similar to the reed and growing in wet habitats, e.g. bur-reed.
- 1.2 A tall straight stalk of a reed plant, used especially as a material in making thatch or household items.‘a harvest of thatching reeds’mass noun, as modifier ‘a reed curtain’
stem, shoot, trunk, stock, cane, bine, bent, haulm, strawView synonyms
- ‘Several big rolls of reed matting, which must be building materials, are propped up against the walls of the central structure.’
- ‘He looked like a commoner, with reed sandals and a plain, pleated kilt wrapped around his waist.’
- ‘Traditional Tutsi houses were huts of wood, reeds, and straw shaped like beehives.’
- ‘Walls are made by the owners weaving together local reeds and leaves, which can easily be replaced if swept away.’
- ‘In the north, walls are made of millet stalks or reeds, and roofs are typically corrugated tin.’
- ‘To portray the harsher reality produced by the war, Beckmann switched from the soft pencil he had previously used to a reed pen, giving him a harder, more precise line.’
- ‘A single candle and a carefully assembled bundle of flowers and reeds, held together by a violet snow globe, made up the centerpiece.’
- ‘Later, the indentations were made with a reed stylus.’
- ‘Here we've got some reeds as well, which are mainly used for thatching the roofs.’
- ‘Traditional huts were made from reeds and canes.’
- ‘The Ma'dan live in houses built of reeds, with reed mats for floors.’
- ‘He followed Alia to where she had deposited the pile pf poles, curtains, blanket, quilt, and the reed pad.’
- ‘South walls are formed of large sliding floor-to-ceiling windows with, outside them, folding panels of local reeds in aluminium frames.’
- ‘Another yellow robe was hanging from the curtain string, and on the bed was a reed mat.’
- ‘Using a reed pen and some ink I quickly got the hang of it.’
- ‘A second, smaller robe, also with tassels, is carried rolled up in a reed scroll called a ‘suitcase’ in English.’
- ‘Traditional Hutu houses are huts made from wood, reeds, and straw and are shaped like beehives.’
- ‘From the riverbanks reeds are harvested for hut building and thatching.’
- ‘Thatch would have been gathered from reeds and rushes on the shore and used for the roof of the main castle.’
- ‘On the far side, lit by flickering reed torches, we were confronted by a large and completely silent crowd.’
- 1.3British mass noun Straw used for thatching.
- ‘These reeds which are about 3, 4 metres high some of them are used for thatching the roofs.’
- ‘People making a living off the fens catching eels and harvesting marsh reed for thatching were a tad upset and started a guerilla war against the engineers who were building the drains.’
- ‘This would give a warm, dry and snug shelter for the pigs or poultry which some people would thatch using reeds or perhaps ling (heather).’
- ‘I believe I have mentioned before that we thatched the stacks with reeds cut from the ditches using a long pole scythe.’
- ‘The facade is of Corrib stone and the roof is thatched with Turkish reed to a minimum depth of 14 inches - the thatching has a lifetime of more than 15 years.’
- ‘Just after the war I learned to thatch corn stacks using reeds with long stems.’
- ‘Nigerians build simple rectangular or cylindrical houses of reed, mud brick, or cinder block.’
- 1.4literary A rustic musical pipe made from a reed or from straw.‘as if thy waves had only heard the shepherd's reed’
- ‘A single, consistent bar on a hollow reed, just musical enough to be considered a note.’
- 1.5literary An arrow.
2A weak or impressionable person.‘the jurors were mere reeds in the wind’
- ‘He obviously cannot control his own people and became a weak reed in the process.’
3A piece of thin cane or metal, sometimes doubled, which vibrates in a current of air to produce the sound of various musical instruments, as in the mouthpiece of a clarinet or oboe or at the base of some organ pipes.as modifier ‘a reed instrument’
- ‘Coren was sucking on a saxophone reed, listening to them talk.’
- ‘I speak from experience when I say that a mouldy reed has neither the taste nor the sound of a clean reed.’
- ‘Of course, no oboe reeds were available locally, so I bought the oboe without having any idea whether or not it could play.’
- ‘She hoped no one noticed her bright cheeks as she attached the reed to her mouth piece.’
- ‘It employs a single reed and has a very pure tone with no vibrato although this can be induced by use of the bellows.’
- ‘Wind instruments are tuned by adjustment to the length of tubing, using the tuning-slide on a brass instrument, the staple of the reed on an oboe, or the movable top joint of a flute, etc.’
- ‘The finished bassoon reed can last for several weeks if not months.’
- ‘Possibly a distant ancestor of the modern bassoon, the instrument had a space at one end which almost certainly held a reed which generated the sound.’
- ‘Initially this was not possible: his Symphonium of 1829 required lung power to supply the air to its metal reeds, with the player using keys to select the desired note.’
- ‘One refreshing shower of raindrops between rehearsal and concert and the oboe reed's hardness and pitch-stability may well be altered.’
- ‘One teenager checks the reed of his clarinet and practises phrasing.’
- ‘In the harmonium the action of the bellows blows air past the reeds.’
- ‘Feeling melancholy, he fashioned the cut reeds into the musical instrument that bears his name - the pan-pipe.’
- ‘Here I must admit that for bassoon reeds, a decade or so of advanced macramé at night school is a sound investment.’
- ‘If it has a mouthpiece or a reed, Al can produce sublime music on it, often switching effortlessly between trumpet, saxophone and clarinet on the same gig.’
- ‘She finished assembling Roxanne and fastened the reed to the mouthpiece.’
- ‘The physical process of making sound with a reed is clearly not the same as it is for a transverse flute.’
- ‘The khaen is a collection of bamboo pipes of different lengths, each with a small hole for fingering and a metal reed, preferably of silver, all attached to a mouthpiece.’
- ‘Digital processing morphs the clarinet's mournful tones into deep sinewave swoops, zooms in on the crackle of spit on the reed or squeezes out didgeridoo-like overtones.’
- ‘She had just attached the reed to the mouth piece when she realized, ‘Oh my gosh!’’
- 3.1 A wind instrument played with a reed.
- ‘Al is a rare multi-instrumentalist, able to alternate on reeds and trumpet with equal artistry over an evening.’
- ‘In Saracenic armies, bands composed of reeds and pipes of various sorts played during combat to encourage their own troops and to show that the line remained unbroken.’
- ‘The combination of percussion and reeds, and the frenzied pace of some of the pieces, creates some uncanny parallels with Moroccan trance music.’
- ‘For the next few days I worked on packing up snare drums, clarinets, reeds and so many other things.’
- ‘The Beast isn't even an electronic record as such, as Michel records himself on guitar, drums, melodica, horns, reeds, keys, the list goes on.’
- ‘Youssou N'Dour worked with Fathy Salama, who arranged and conducted his orchestral group of violins, reeds, flutes, and percussion.’
- 3.2 An organ stop with reed pipes.
4An electrical contact used in a magnetically operated switch or relay.‘the permanent magnet closes the reeds and contacts together’as modifier ‘a reed relay’
- ‘By bouncing, the reed breaks an electrical circuit.’
5A weaver's comb-like implement (originally made from reed or cane) for separating the threads of the warp and correctly positioning the weft.
6reedsA set of semi-cylindrical adjacent mouldings like reeds laid together.
- ‘One easily accounts for the 3 small sinkings on the Doric capital: they represented the strings that tied the original bundled reeds together to make them strong to bear great weight.’
- ‘In order to give the stucco a hold on a wooden wall or ceiling reeds are nailed to the surface beforehand, providing a ‘key’.’
a broken reed
A weak or ineffectual person.‘the superintendent of this building appears to be a broken reed’
- ‘Because of all the changes it is obviously difficult to test the validity of these claims, but some of Wheelock's main supports are broken reeds to lean on.’
- ‘By contrast, the Irish army that the king mobilized to support his cause turned out to be a broken reed.’
- ‘It would only take one more attack on the US homeland for the President to become a scapegoat and his Office of Homeland Security a broken reed.’
Old English hrēod, of West Germanic origin; related to Dutch riet and German Ried.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.