Definition of recoil in English:



[no object]
Pronunciation /rɪˈkɔɪl/
  • 1Suddenly spring or flinch back in fear, horror, or disgust.

    ‘he recoiled in horror’
    • ‘The fur was very soft and warm and the rabbit trembled slightly as I probed its smashed up hind legs with the tips of my fingers, then suddenly recoiled as they sunk into wet, ripped flesh.’
    • ‘He began to pull up his shirt and the children recoiled in horror.’
    • ‘She pulled away, recoiling suddenly as if she'd been stabbed with a cattle prod.’
    • ‘Suddenly Fenton's face recoiled and his hand flew up to his nose.’
    • ‘Lisa suddenly recoiled, drawing back her hand, standing up.’
    • ‘It took me a couple of seconds to focus before I recoiled in horror.’
    • ‘After recoiling in horror when she realised it wasn't her boyfriend, she told the man to get out of her room and reported the matter to the police.’
    • ‘He reached out as if meaning to grasp my hand but recoiled suddenly.’
    • ‘But she had no sooner taken a few steps forward than she suddenly recoiled.’
    • ‘He dropped it suddenly and recoiled with disgust.’
    • ‘The girl flinched and recoiled, but after a few seconds, she stared at the ground again.’
    • ‘I felt Jack's arm snake around my waist suddenly and wanted to recoil, but just gave him a fake loving smile instead.’
    • ‘Only a few moments passed before the unicorn whinnied, and suddenly recoiled, as if jarred by an electric shock.’
    • ‘It was too much like an echo of the past; I flinched and recoiled from him.’
    • ‘I have a face that only a mother could love, and even then she'd need a couple of strong wines to keep from recoiling in horror.’
    • ‘Yet as he touched it, she suddenly pulled it away; even in her unconscious state, she recoiled from the touch of another man.’
    • ‘The next morning, I reached down to stroke my sleek calves and recoiled in horror when my fingers encountered a disgusting prickliness.’
    • ‘Instead I recoiled in horror, letting out a loud, involuntary gasp of disgust, and dropped them back where I'd found them.’
    • ‘For some completely unknown reason I hadn't pulled away, or recoiled in disgust and horror.’
    • ‘My boys took one look at her and recoiled in horror.’
    draw back, jump back, spring back, jerk back, pull back
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    1. 1.1 Feel fear, horror, or disgust at the thought of something.
      ‘Ronni felt herself recoil at the very thought’
      • ‘She recoils at the idea that she's simply lending her name to these products.’
      • ‘The theory is that Fraser recoiled from the idea of blaming a widely revered figure, and fellow Westminster alumni, especially one who cannot now defend himself.’
      • ‘The young mistress, on her part, recoiled from the idea of having an old lover, and so she pulled out his white hairs.’
      • ‘Child advocates recoil at the idea of thousands of children being raised in long-term substitute care.’
      • ‘And still some people might react with disgust at the idea, recoil at the thought of it, or simply say that it's too strong a word.’
      • ‘We recoil at the idea of growing human beings for spare body parts or creating life for our convenience.’
      • ‘We all should recoil from the idea that a human being must possess certain attributes in order to qualify as a person - not only for the sake of justice, but also for self-interest.’
      • ‘Our human instincts immediately recoil from that idea, immediately thinking that one is obviously ‘worse’ than the other.’
      • ‘I'm sure young people are recoiling in horror from the thought!’
      • ‘Their censorship of foreign art films shows the party recoiling from foreign ideas that many of its members neither understand nor like.’
      • ‘But even those who agreed seemed to recoil at the idea of actually doing it.’
      • ‘It seems that many of those in the American elite who would recoil at the idea of explicit quotas are happy to tolerate more subtle systems that accomplish the same thing.’
      • ‘Many social scientists recoil from the idea that though particular wars may be avoided, war is endemic in the human condition.’
      • ‘What happens next still has me shuddering and recoiling with horror.’
      • ‘And it largely worked because people instinctively recoil at the idea of nosy creeps like him rifling through other people's underwear drawers.’
      • ‘Software makers, however, have recoiled at such an idea, knowing that customers will receive tremendous horsepower and need fewer processors.’
      • ‘And while other housemates recoiled in horror at the thought of picking objects out of a bucket of sheep's eyes, he grabbed a handful and wolfed it down.’
      • ‘Some editors have recoiled from the idea, finding it a bit unseemly.’
      • ‘I think it's clear the voters recoil at the idea of the government trying to play politics with this national tragedy.’
      • ‘Refreshingly, she recoils at the idea of that mirage known as ‘quality time’.’
      feel revulsion at, feel disgust at, feel abhorrence at, be unable to bear, be unable to stomach, shrink from, shy away from, baulk at, hesitate at
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  • 2Rebound or spring back through force of impact or elasticity.

    ‘the muscle has the ability to recoil’
    • ‘Composites recoil or bounce as they absorb much of the energy from a slow blow, and they don't catch fire as readily either.’
    • ‘If you stretch too far, ‘the muscle recoils to protect itself,’ he says.’
    • ‘The principle stress-bearing elements of the lung, which account for its tendency to recoil, are elastin and collagen fiber networks and surface tension.’
    • ‘Hence, although we fix the vessel under distension, once the load is removed, the elastin will recoil and consequently have a tortuous geometry.’
    • ‘This is due to elastic tendons that stretch and recoil, enabling the animals to ‘bounce’ along the ground like a pogo stick.’
    • ‘The quarks recoiled, and the small shockwave forced three neutrons out of the atom.’
    1. 2.1 (of a gun) move abruptly backwards as a reaction on firing a bullet, shell, or other missile.
      ‘the rifle recoiled’
      • ‘When the enemy reached the middle of the open space, he fired, and the gun hardly recoiled at all.’
      • ‘To me, the gun recoils a bit less with a rod in it.’
      • ‘The gun recoiled as the bolt left the gun and flew through the air.’
      • ‘One shot bellowed out, and his gun recoiled, jumping backwards from the force of the bullet ripping from its nozzle.’
      • ‘The front trigger is articulated to move forward a little when the gun recoils and then you move your finger forward for the right modified barrel.’
      • ‘The rifle recoiled as it fired, and the shell exploded about a foot short of the missile.’
      • ‘‘It sure hurts the shoulder,’ Shelley said, rubbing where the gun's stock recoiled into her bones.’
      • ‘The gun recoiled, and I saw my shot fly forward and hit him in the chest.’
      kick, kick back, jerk back, spring back, fly back, jump back
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    2. 2.2recoil on/upon (of an action) have an adverse reactive effect on (the originator)
      ‘if man upsets his planetary ecosystem it will automatically recoil upon him’
      • ‘All suffering recoils on the wrongdoer himself.’
      • ‘A dictated peace is not a true peace; punitive terms recoil on our own heads.’
      • ‘If I hate my neighbor, the hatred will recoil upon me.’
      • ‘Characters also recoil on their authors in the wake of writing; when Elias Canetti finished Auto-da-Fe, he fell into confused remorse and guilt for inventing the death by fire that was his protagonist Kien's fate.’
      • ‘Stepping forward, threateningly close, he declared: ‘We tell you plainly that what you have said will recoil upon your head.’’
      rebound on, come back on, affect badly
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mass noun
Pronunciation /rɪˈkɔɪl//ˈriːkɔɪl/
  • The action of recoiling.

    ‘his body jerked with the recoil of the rifle’
    • ‘No matter how well you explain recoil or emphasize proper shooting stance, that first shot is a surprise.’
    • ‘In recoil, one of the mortally wounded soldiers pulled the trigger of his gun, causing a single bullet to strike his attacker.’
    • ‘One caution: be sure you have the scope mounted properly in terms of recoil.’
    • ‘The recoil brought the barrel upwards and it smacked into her face, leaving a livid bruise.’
    • ‘The light recoil and modest slide pace lull the shooter into a false sense of security.’
    • ‘Without thinking, Shelley squeezed the gun's trigger and took a step back to compensate for the surprise amount of recoil.’
    • ‘You'll get used to it and you'll find ways to reduce the amount of recoil.’
    • ‘Ensure the scope is mounted properly to handle recoil.’
    • ‘The stock is designed with more mass to help reduce recoil.’
    • ‘The recoil from the shot blew James onto his back, unconscious once again.’
    • ‘I made it lighter, and manipulated the chamber, so that it fires twice as fast without losing any control or gaining consequent recoil.’
    • ‘The assembly is strong and rigid, with no ring or scope movement from recoil.’
    • ‘There is little noise and no recoil to frighten a young shooter.’
    • ‘The recoil, for example, was negligible, and the gun was certainly not on a hair-trigger.’
    • ‘The recoil jarred his shoulder painfully, but he ignored it as best as he could.’
    • ‘It was beautiful, really, and could, with a strong enough arm, be fired one-handed without threat of recoil breaking one's bones.’
    • ‘When trying to shoot out of this position, the body rocks back under recoil and the arms pivot up at the shoulders.’
    • ‘This provides the skeleto-muscular support required in order to handle recoil without discomfort.’
    • ‘It largely reduces the strength of recoil during shooting, but its greatest usefulness is apparent during bare-hand fighting.’
    • ‘The recoil made his shoulder start hurting again.’
    kickback, kick
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Middle English (denoting the act of retreating): from Old French reculer ‘move back’, based on Latin culus ‘buttocks’.