Definition of recognizance in English:

recognizance

(also recognisance)

noun

Law
  • A bond by which a person undertakes before a court or magistrate to observe some condition, especially to appear when summoned:

    ‘the Lord Chancellor asked them to enter into recognizances to appear in court’
    ‘he was released on his own recognizance of £30,000’
    • ‘It records that he has an extensive criminal record, including threats, numerous failures to comply with recognizances and probation orders and three failures to appear.’
    • ‘He was arrested for violating the terms of his recognizance.’
    • ‘They were released on their own recognisances pending their next court appearance on July 15.’
    • ‘She failed to comply with the terms of her release by failing to comply with the conditions of her recognizance.’
    • ‘To my surprise, she told me that she wouldn't oppose my request that Fred be released on his own recognizance.’

Origin

Middle English: from Old French reconnissance, from reconnaistre recognize.

Pronunciation

recognizance

/rɪˈkɒ(ɡ)nɪz(ə)ns/