Definition of recapitulation in English:



  • 1An act or instance of summarizing and restating the main points of something:

    ‘his recapitulation of the argument’
    • ‘I didn't fully understand the reason and don't remember enough of it to give a coherent recapitulation… but it had something to do with a New York state law back then that gave certain tax advantages to small businesses.’
    • ‘This report is a concise recapitulation of events throughout the entire day.’
    • ‘Here's a year-by-year recapitulation of the last nine contests.’
    • ‘Thelen's concluding chapter is not merely a recapitulation of her findings but rather provides important new insights on her topics, especially the broader issues of institutional evolution.’
    • ‘The events, though recent, do need a brief recapitulation.’
    • ‘In the Appendices we include a brief recapitulation of the methods used for these measurements.’
    • ‘The editorial begins with a recapitulation of the basic argument marshaled by the Bush administration regarding his past actions while on the board of directors of Harken Energy.’
    • ‘For those who have forgotten, here is a recapitulation of the crime.’
    • ‘All novels after the first in a series have to tread a line between standing alone and catering for the faithful reader who will be irritated by constant recapitulations.’
    • ‘The following, then, is less a straight recapitulation of plot and character than it is an introduction to the basic discourses at work in one of Rivette's most important films.’
    • ‘The candidate concluded his recitation with an abbreviated recapitulation of the subdivisions of the five principal topics.’
    • ‘Some of the material will be familiar to readers who have kept up with this debate, but this volume is by no means a recapitulation of debates now worn threadbare by constant worrying.’
    • ‘Frank Brennan draws his lecture to a close with a recapitulation of his main points.’
    • ‘To make matters worse, he never provided indexes to his books, and gives no summaries, recapitulations of points, nor linguistic ‘signposts’ to aid the unwitting reader.’
    • ‘As the theologian Robert Farrar Capon so astutely recognized, the entire argument of Ephesians in the first chapter is what is called a recapitulation.’
    • ‘This book will be most useful as a bibliographic resource for those approaching the topic for the first time, and as a thorough recapitulation of the key positions on central research interests on the question of physical attractiveness.’
    • ‘This essay, like much of the book, is derivative, little more than a recapitulation of facts better explored by literary scholars.’
    • ‘Chapter 5 presents my theory, which avoids the recapitulation of Western gender roles and heterosexism inherent in many theories of attraction like Bem's.’
    • ‘Even casual readers may benefit from the sectional summaries or recapitulations in the book.’
    • ‘The work in which he summarizes his perspective, is a recapitulation of various articles published earlier, but here we see much more cohesion.’
    synopsis, precis, résumé, abstract, abridgement, digest, compendium, condensation, encapsulation, abbreviated version
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    1. 1.1Biology [mass noun] The repetition of an evolutionary or other process during development or growth.
      • ‘Yet, like Darwin and many science textbooks and evolutionist books for laymen, the editor of this journal endorses embryonic recapitulation.’
      • ‘In 1904, he published a book on adolescence, advocating a new theory of child development based on evolutionary recapitulation.’
      • ‘And shame on you for including the outdated and proven fraudulent idea of embryonic recapitulation (that has been discarded by scientists) to reinforce evolutionary ideas in the public eye.’
      • ‘Discuss in detail a good example of recapitulation, showing how the stages of ontogeny parallel those of phylogeny.’
      reiteration, repeating, restatement, retelling, iteration, recapitulation
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    2. 1.2Music A part of a movement (especially one in sonata form) in which themes from the exposition are restated.
      • ‘A very similar effect occurs at the start of the recapitulation.’
      • ‘After the second climax, the music slows with a recapitulation of the opening theme and then fades to nothing.’
      • ‘In Sonata 10 in D Major, one of the six sonatas with full recapitulations, the lyrical second theme in the dominant minor provides a marked contrast to the assertive principal one.’
      • ‘In the first movement, after the first statement in the exposition, there is a passage of five block chords that crops up again a few minutes later in the recapitulation with a shift in the harmonization at the end.’
      • ‘Again, Mendelssohn saw the concerto form as a field for experiment and his idea of continuing the soloist's cadenza figuration in the first movement over the recapitulation in the orchestra was later hailed by Ravel as a masterstroke.’