Definition of realism in English:



  • 1The attitude or practice of accepting a situation as it is and being prepared to deal with it accordingly.

    ‘the summit was marked by a new mood of realism’
    • ‘What we want is the ability to recognise the difference between situations that call for optimism, trying harder, and the situations that call for realism and pessimism.’
    • ‘She also says that students need to balance feeling secure on campus with a sense of caution and realism.’
    • ‘The journey from apathy to realism is a long, tedious one.’
    • ‘Mr Douglas has come out with the classic cringe which believes pessimism, or realism as he would no doubt like to call it, is an inherently Scottish state of mind.’
    • ‘It is generous in its scope, but the generosity is based on long-term realism and the proposition that reform and change is not only necessary, but unavoidable.’
    • ‘Yet when assessing the current situation, realism is also required, as well as precision about what is actually taking place.’
    • ‘Practical realism must dictate that there is no alternative but to maintain status quo on a permanent basis.’
    • ‘On the other hand, a certain level of realism has turned in.’
    • ‘As Jamal Saghir was saying, there's now much more realism about what the private sector can and can't deliver in the developing world.’
    • ‘It is such responses that put Howard a million miles from the toughness and realism his moral certainties are supposed to carry.’
    • ‘It is not the kindness of this prince's heart but the piercing realism of Machiavelli that has produced this morally preferable outcome.’
    • ‘Whenever questioned about the perilous financial predicament he always maintained a sense of diplomacy and realism about the situation.’
    • ‘Through discussions with the party he became convinced that post-strike realism would make nationalists accept a deal confined to Northern Ireland.’
    • ‘An idealist tempered by realism, Holland was a doer, not a doubter.’
    • ‘A certain notion of realism began not only to prescribe what could now happen, but to airbrush out what had actually happened.’
    • ‘Mr Rogers hopes this development may bring a greater sense of realism to a situation which ‘has been as cracked as a dropping pot for at least a decade now’.’
    • ‘Before we all get too carried away it has to be said that his announcement was guided as much by healthy realism as by altruism.’
    • ‘This should come from within the profession if we are to inculcate a sense of realism and ownership in practices in readiness for mandatory incident reporting.’
    • ‘This article is completely atypical in its brutal realism about the situation in Saudi Arabia.’
    • ‘If the Tories have the courage to take this principled stance and the wit to argue their case coherently, they might well find a resonance in the country, where there is a new, angry mood of realism.’
    pragmatism, practicality, matter-of-factness, common sense, level-headedness, clear-sightedness
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    1. 1.1The view that the subject matter of politics is political power, not matters of principle.
      ‘political realism is the oldest approach to global politics’
      • ‘Political realism that determines the goals of geo-politics confronts nations with a situation where military security is equally essential.’
      • ‘The foreign policy of the Voronin administration over the past three years has been based on the classic principles of realism.’
      • ‘Australia's defence and security planners view the world around us through the relatively narrow lens of power-politics' realism and respond accordingly.’
      • ‘Although criticised by many at that time for being too soft, it was in essence a policy based on realism and aimed at liberating India to play a larger role in the world.’
      • ‘Unity, flexibility, realism and political acumen are the crying needs of the hour.’
      • ‘Like most arguments about realism in politics, this is a dubious one.’
      • ‘His views on these issues, and those recently proclaimed by former Labor prime minister Bob Hawke, show both informed realism and political courage.’
      • ‘Political realism in essence reduces to the political-ethical principle that might is right.’
      • ‘It will also have a different crime rate, divergent patterns of morality, a different standard and notion of what counts as political realism.’
      • ‘Now the six-party dialogue is beginning to inject a new dose of realism into Pyongyang's policy.’
      • ‘But political realism dictates that this change cannot be accomplished directly; it must proceed via a series of transititional stages.’
      • ‘To recognize that war is inevitable is not pessimism, but political realism.’
      • ‘On my second reading of it the ideas are much clearer, and I find myself increasingly amazed at the uniqueness and political realism of the Marxist worldview and analysis.’
      • ‘To a large extent Jordan's success was due to the pragmatism and political realism of King Abdullah.’
      • ‘Making allies of the enemies of democracy because they share putative interests with us is, in other words, not realism but foolish self-deception.’
      • ‘In the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th, Europe advocated realism and practiced power politics.’
      • ‘But none of that new realism is allowed to affect the doctrine of Britain's independent nuclear deterrent.’
      • ‘It is exactly these regularly held elections and the freedom of the press that have brought realism to Russian foreign policy and purged it of ideology.’
      • ‘Third, we need policies that combine realism and compassion.’
      • ‘His prognosis, then, was based upon the hope that Hitler would - at least for a time - share his own perspective on political and military realism in Europe.’
    2. 1.2The doctrine that the law is better understood by analysis of judges rather than the judgements given.
      ‘modern jurists have tended to underestimate the scope of American legal realism’
      • ‘This is a kind of legal realism and Anastaplo documents it nicely - or at least Lincoln's awareness of it.’
      • ‘Well, the new realism is that juries cannot be trusted in respect of any matter that might be adverse to the accused.’
      • ‘This approach - sometimes known as legal realism - led to some landmark decisions.’
      • ‘The Constitution of the United States of America is a majestic old document, but in our age of legal realism the common wisdom is that judges do with it what they want.’
      • ‘The other school of thought is sometimes called positivism, sometimes called legal realism.’
      • ‘The first to develop was legal realism - basically a group of really cynical judges.’
      • ‘John Rosenberg thinks I may be understating the degree of liberal legal realism still prevalent.’
      • ‘One could hardly ask for a better example of the legal realism he would so soon consider to be a pernicious and dangerous idea.’
  • 2The quality or fact of representing a person or thing in a way that is accurate and true to life.

    ‘British soaps will stay because of their gritty realism’
    • ‘It is a statue cast in bronze and shows both realism of style and undoubted symbolic ritual function.’
    • ‘If we return to the gunshot analogy, we realize why creating sound effects is a perfectly legitimate practice in maintaining realism.’
    • ‘The paintings reproduce the photographed features with illusionistic realism while leaving the surrounding heads completely flat.’
    • ‘The game strives for a certain degree of realism rather than dazzle, and in that I think it has succeeded.’
    • ‘It's a Cold War story based on a Tom Clancy book, so the locations are plentiful and the political intrigue calls for realism.’
    • ‘The more you look for details, cues and fakes, the more you add to the realism of the situation.’
    • ‘The biological realism of this restricted model is tenuous.’
    • ‘Regardless of whether or not one accepts Loach's version of reality, his dedication to realism is laudable.’
    • ‘He interweaves a Brechtian political parable with naturalist realism.’
    • ‘At the same time, the over-exaggeration of torque when taxiing in planes seems to be a developer's nuance rather than actual realism.’
    • ‘Each stroke he made with the brush was incredibly painstaking, because he had to match it up precisely in order to give it a certain amount of realism.’
    • ‘And it gives that movie a certain essence, a certain kind of realism.’
    • ‘Adult television has already begun to recognize the public's hunger for fascinating scientific realism.’
    • ‘The irony here is that this series achieves a high degree of realism when it deals with medical and surgical emergencies.’
    • ‘Meanwhile, a number of important African American writers played truant from the school of racial realism.’
    • ‘At the heart of Victorian realistic tendencies was the unraveling of the very practice of realism itself.’
    • ‘She has always been interested in colour and composition rather than realism and believes painting to be a subject in itself, a ‘visual experience of mood and atmosphere’.’
    • ‘So I want to treat this as a piece of realism rather than the picturesque tradition, which tends to depict an idealised version of English heritage.’
    • ‘In Chandler's famous puff for the superiority of the private eye over the classic mystery, its virtue is said to lie in its greater realism.’
    • ‘Although it did cover social issues, they argued that this was merely an inevitable consequence of its commitment to realism, rather than something which they self-consciously set out to do.’
    authenticity, fidelity, verisimilitude, truthfulness, faithfulness, naturalism
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    1. 2.1An artistic or literary movement or style characterized by the representation of people or things as they actually are.
      Often contrasted with idealism
      • ‘They produced masterpieces of American realism, and that realism was the kiss of death: it offered little to Theory.’
      • ‘For the most part, it falls into two broad categories or camps: the various forms of literary realism, and the various gambits of postmodernism.’
      • ‘First, there was renewed interest in realism from the larger art community.’
      • ‘However, if the narratives make a claim for social realism, then they also acknowledge the limits of realism as a representational mode.’
      • ‘My preference for styles is realism to modern art, but learning how to achieve different art forms is interesting.’
      • ‘Poynton's arrant realism provides echoes of Lucian Freud, Stanley Spencer, Eric Fischl and Philip Pearlstein.’
      • ‘Within the context of art, say of realism versus expressionism, you can have a realistic body or an expressionistic body.’
      • ‘Show entries range in style from realism to the very abstract.’
      • ‘What is realism as understood by the theoretician of art?’
      • ‘Though the prose is nicely formed and sometimes beautiful, the world created often veers more closely to romantic fantasy than literary realism.’
      • ‘Wright was committed to the practice of modern realism and radical modernism.’
      • ‘The artist's style combines heroic realism with a restrained delicacy of expression that places him among the best of the century's monument makers.’
      • ‘And though realism in equine art is popular, some artists say they have found great success in more abstract styles.’
      • ‘We're not dealing with realism in those sections, where the actors are masked.’
      • ‘By about 1930, many artists who in the 1910s and early 1920s employed an abstract style had turned to realism.’
      • ‘Now continue and stop imposing realism on this deeply realism-resistant work.’
      • ‘These discoveries about the earliest form of genre painting in Italy open up the topic of realism in the seicento to further scrutiny.’
      • ‘Later, I shall deal with issues of idealism and realism in African film productions.’
      • ‘The occasion emphasized continuity with an admired past, but these composers' operas embraced a new style of realism (known as verismo).’
      • ‘It belongs rather to that tradition of artistic realism that stakes its claim to truth on calculated departures from familiar modes of seeing and knowing.’
  • 3Philosophy
    The doctrine that universals or abstract concepts have an objective or absolute existence. The theory that universals have their own reality is sometimes called Platonic realism because it was first outlined by Plato's doctrine of ‘forms’ or ideas.

    Often contrasted with nominalism
    • ‘The alternative between a theological and an independent theory of ethics is, he holds, the alternative between ethical nominalism and realism.’
    • ‘The position of entity realism is that at least some of the cognitive objects discussed in scientific theories do exist.’
    • ‘That means the status of strings in string theory in physics can become a philosophical topic by way of discussions of realism and nominalism.’
    • ‘I must confess that I have always found the concept of symbolic realism to be somewhat disconcerting.’
    • ‘There's little indication of the available range of ethical theories, from crude emotivism to Platonic realism, from McDowellian objectivism to virtue theory.’
    • ‘Thus, the ontological eliminative structuralism inherits the problems and potential solutions of realism in ontology (platonism).’
    • ‘Another aim is to show that the problem of direct realism versus indirect realism is of importance for the ontological analysis of social reality.’
    • ‘Other terms for this ontology are pluralistic realism and transcendental realism.’
    • ‘What it seems that we have done is to locate ourselves more decisively on one side of the continental divide of the old Christian world, between realism and nominalism.’
    • ‘Some commentators have thought that Descartes is committed to a species of Platonic realism.’
    1. 3.1The doctrine that matter as the object of perception has real existence and is neither reducible to universal mind or spirit nor dependent on a perceiving agent.
      Often contrasted with idealism
      • ‘The controversy in metaphysics between idealism and realism is that, for the idealist, nothing exists independently of the mind.’
      • ‘She argues that ontological realism about a type of entity is justified if the objective existence of the entities is part of our best explanation of the world.’
      • ‘A large number of people said that the real was the measurable, which could be a sign of realism, operationalism, or hermeneutical realism.’
      • ‘Abelard defends his thesis that universals are nothing but words by arguing that ontological realism about universals is incoherent.’
      • ‘Peirce's realism attempted to embrace both the constructions of the mind and the mind's interface with reality through perception.’
      • ‘It is therefore not surprising that commentators have wanted to show that properly understood his phenomenology is realist or at least neutral with respect to realism and idealism.’
      • ‘Many contemporary philosophers see the ultimate triumph of atomism as a victory for realism over positivism.’