Definition of reactive in English:



  • 1Showing a response to a stimulus.

    ‘pupils are reactive to light’
    • ‘The reactive response is when my ego is offended.’
    • ‘Steering was nicely reactive though a little too light at higher speeds.’
    • ‘Another component of reactive aggression is physiological response.’
    • ‘Think about your reactive responses in the past to the same or similar experiences.’
    • ‘The Internet poses several potential challenges to the regime that provoke a reactive state response.’
    • ‘The less emotionally reactive the couple becomes, the less the therapist structures the enactment.’
    • ‘Among sensation seekers, Zuckerman has found, dopamine levels are low and very reactive to stimulation.’
    • ‘The pupils should be equal, round, and reactive to light in both eyes.’
    • ‘Today the masculinity crisis is generally seen as a negative reactive response to feminism, to the growing independence of women, and to the blending of gender roles.’
    • ‘Is the measles virus reactive to ultra violet light?’
    • ‘Generally speaking, it is a reactive organisation, which responds to demand.’
    • ‘Thus the direction and depth of our reactive attitudes and moral responses track the type of behavior we are responding to, and help encourage or discourage it, depending on our interests.’
    • ‘When we see someone in such a light as this, all our reactive attitudes tend to be profoundly modified.’
    • ‘Individuals who have experienced severe trauma would therefore be more likely to be more reactive to pain.’
    • ‘Again, Gibbins accounts for the history of populism in western Canada by suggesting that it is largely a reactive response to the inadequacy of regional representation in the federal government.’
    • ‘Often mydriasis occurs with the pupils poorly reactive or non-reactive to light.’
    • ‘Are all persons equally reactive or vulnerable to negative interpersonal events?’
    • ‘One study thermally characterized the reactive hyperemic response of healthy skin.’
    • ‘Light steering was reactive enough to inspire confidence while firm handling and suspension remained settled around S-bends and potholes.’
    • ‘I was a bit surprised to read the reactive / defensive response of some of my classmates.’
    responsive to, quick to respond to, sensitized to, reactive to, sentient of
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    1. 1.1Physiology Showing an immune response to a specific antigen.
      ‘lysosomal activity can activate B lymphocytes reactive against self-components’
      • ‘Traditional antivirus protection is very reactive in nature.’
      • ‘Equivocal or weakly reactive immunohistochemical stains may require further testing to make the diagnosis of mesothelioma.’
      • ‘Several methods are available to prevent the formation of preformed reactive antibodies to HLA antigens.’
      • ‘Eyebright appears to make your immune system less reactive to airborne allergens.’
      • ‘Arrows indicate cells reactive to the zeatine specific antibodies.’
    2. 1.2 (of a disease or illness) caused by a reaction to something.
      ‘reactive arthritis’
      ‘reactive depression’
      • ‘Two forms of occupational asthma are recognized: reactive airway dysfunction syndrome and allergic occupational asthma.’
      • ‘The most commonly encountered are Russell and butcher bodies in lymphomas, multiple myeloma, and some reactive or immunologic diseases.’
      • ‘He may be suffering from reactive depression resulting from traumatic events whilst living in Kosovo.’
      • ‘Differentiating reactive airway dysfunction syndrome from other types of work-related asthma is generally straightforward.’
      • ‘Three children had reactive inflammatory arthritis.’
      • ‘In novice marijuana users, rarely in regular users, marijuana may precipitate reactive or neurotic depressions.’
      • ‘Patients may suffer from anxiety, depression and reactive adjustment disorders.’
      • ‘Therefore, elevation of the control site temperature helped mask temperature increases caused by reactive hyperemia or inflammation in some cases.’
      • ‘I diagnosed him, your Honour, as suffering from a reactive agitated depressive disorder, which was severe in type.’
      • ‘The etiology of a pulmonary exacerbation is likely a variety of airway insults including respiratory viral infections, reactive airway disease, and pollutants.’
      • ‘This unusual reactive lesion of the gastric mucosa has only rarely been described and has been termed Russell body gastritis.’
      • ‘Reactive arthritis occurs most frequently in men 20 to 40 years old.’
      • ‘He told me that he has been diagnosed as suffering from reactive depression and is currently being treated for that by a psychiatrist.’
      • ‘For those patients with reactive airway disease, pre-medication should be considered.’
      • ‘Reiter's syndrome is a form of reactive arthritis, an inflammation of the joints that occurs in response to infection.’
      • ‘Early identification and treatment of chlamydia may slow the progression of reactive arthritis.’
      • ‘The defence presented evidence that Juman suffered from cannabis-induced psychotic disorder, reactive depression and schizophrenia.’
      • ‘Hilar lymphadenopathy with other pulmonary infiltrates is infrequent and thought to represent reactive hyperplasia.’
      • ‘The histologic causes of these false-positive lymph nodes were granuloma, reactive inflammation, and anthracosis.’
      • ‘All of them apparently tested positive for sexually acquired reactive arthritis, or SARA.’
    3. 1.3 Having a tendency to react chemically.
      ‘nitrogen dioxide is a highly reactive gas’
      • ‘A molecule's functional group is the chemically reactive portion, or segment, of an organic chemical molecule.’
      • ‘In addition, chemically reactive derivatives of ppGpp have been synthesized and used for cross-linking experiments.’
      • ‘Monomers involved in condensation reactions typically contain two reactive groups within the molecule.’
      • ‘While not as reactive as the alkali metals, this family knows how to make bonds very easily.’
      • ‘Ozone is produced when sunlight triggers chemical reactions involving reactive hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides.’
      • ‘The addition of scavengers suggests that reactive oxygen species caused this bacterial growth inhibition.’
      • ‘In addition, the very reactive singlet oxygen can be generated by an input of energy.’
      • ‘The major risk comes from the formation of reactive oxygen intermediates during normal oxygen metabolism.’
      • ‘Zinc tends to be much less reactive with oxygen than are the metals that are galvanized.’
      • ‘The element is not very reactive chemically, although it does dissolve in most acids.’
      • ‘Derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, aromatic hydrocarbons tend to be reactive.’
      • ‘Although ketones are not as reactive as aldehydes, they are also important intermediates in the synthesis of many compounds.’
      • ‘Tin is less reactive than the metal it covers, protecting the underlying metal from corrosion.’
      • ‘The rounded cables are UV reactive and come in the Round Cable box.’
      • ‘At room temperature, formaldehyde is an extremely reactive colorless gas with a suffocating odor.’
      • ‘Since they have two electrons that they must lose, they are not quite as reactive as the alkali metals.’
      • ‘Fluorine was the most difficult halogen to isolate because it is so chemically reactive.’
      • ‘Amides tend to be somewhat less reactive, but are also subject to hydrolysis and analogous reactions.’
      • ‘Because free radicals are highly reactive, they are capable of damaging the body.’
      • ‘And by making the particles chemically reactive, scientists are building exquisitely sensitive sensors that can detect individual molecules.’
  • 2Acting in response to a situation rather than creating or controlling it.

    ‘a proactive rather than a reactive approach’
    • ‘It seems to be that it is time for proactive rather than reactive support to be given to Dean John.’
    • ‘In a crisis like that, a company changes its whole behavior and becomes reactive in nature.’
    • ‘This means that most types of event will generate an alert rather than a reactive response.’
    • ‘This is a recognition that we need to be more proactive rather than reactive as we have been up to now.’
    • ‘Such methods would enable dietitians involved in biotechnology education to take a proactive rather than a reactive approach.’
    • ‘The leaders who built enduring great companies showed a creative inside-out approach rather than a reactive outside-in approach.’
    • ‘Mr McCormick admits maintenance has been largely reactive and has been concentrated on health and safety matters.’
    • ‘Many form oils on the market are blends of passive and reactive agents designed for specific purposes.’
    • ‘At present this emergent ‘citizens' media’ is reactive rather than pro-active, but things could change quickly.’
    • ‘Getting tough with the community, being proactive and not always reactive, with proper controls will also help.’
    • ‘The key is to be proactive rather than reactive taking a firm stance before the situation gets out of hand.’
    • ‘Clinton, they claimed, was reactive and haphazard rather than proactive and forceful.’
    • ‘Proactive and reactive aggression were assessed when the boys were 13 years of age.’
    • ‘At other times, the president is reactive rather than proactive.’
    • ‘Much of Cuba's Internet control strategy has entailed reactive state responses to the challenges outlined above.’
    • ‘The longitudinal correlates of proactive and reactive aggression in children also seem to differ.’
    • ‘The existence of reactive stalking raises a number of problems that require our attention.’
    • ‘But we cannot allow them to shift us into a purely reactive mode.’
    • ‘Merina Salandy-Brown, a media consultant who worked with the BBC for 18 years, said the draft code was reactive rather than proactive.’
    • ‘You can make information available proactively and deliver reactive messages that address specific events as they develop.’
    quick to react, receptive, open to suggestions, amenable, flexible, accessible, approachable, forthcoming, sensitive, perceptive, sympathetic, well disposed, susceptible, impressionable, open, alive, awake, aware
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  • 3Physics
    Relating to reactance.

    ‘a reactive load’
    • ‘If this angle is zero degrees, the load is purely resistive; if the angle is not zero, there is some reactive loading, or additional storage in the system.’
    • ‘There are separate accumulators for generator tripping and 500-kV reactive power compensation switching for this algorithm as well.’
    • ‘It is important to remember that any reactive load will produce standing waves on the line.’
    • ‘If active and reactive power are not properly balanced, voltage collapse may occur in one part of the system and could propagate system failure.’
    • ‘Generator tripping must be technically and contractually feasible, and the reactive power devices must be in place.’