Definition of rasp in English:

rasp

noun

  • 1A harsh, grating noise.

    ‘the rasp of the engine’
    • ‘My breath was again coming in shallow rasps, and I could feel my pulse rate slowing.’
    • ‘She waits for another useless barrage of platitudes and axioms, but all she catches is the harsh rasp of his breathing.’
    • ‘Even in the noise of the club, Søren could hear the tell-tale rasp in her voice from too many cigarettes.’
    • ‘The second voice was harsh, almost a rasp like someone with a sore throat.’
    • ‘They both froze, listening to the quick rasps of each other's breaths over the thunderous pounding of their own hearts.’
    • ‘The morning air filled with the stenorous rasps of half decayed lungs.’
    • ‘I whispered, my voice coming out as a harsh rasp.’
    • ‘Ivan did hear the softest rasp of metal against metal before turning around.’
    • ‘Then the spectre began to laugh, the noise a deep, ominous rasp which snuffed out the spark of hope that had briefly lit Robert's soul.’
    • ‘Rose noticed from behind the bushes that the male's breathing came out in laboring rasps for air.’
    • ‘Wilkes' trademark vocal sound is a dry megaphone rasp, and he alternates it with savage harmonica outbursts.’
    • ‘The accompaniment is a Cage-like sound track picking up the whistle of distant trains, the yelp of coyotes and dogs, the neighing of horses, the buzz and rasp of flying insects.’
    • ‘Steve heard the rasp of oar-locks and the faint plash of a leisurely moving boat.’
    • ‘My chest was heaving painfully, and my breath was coming in shallow rasps.’
    • ‘His breathing was heavy and came in shallow rasps.’
    • ‘Rae's breathing was terribly labored, as it was coming out in shaky rasps.’
    • ‘She almost panicked when she heard the rasp of steel being drawn.’
    • ‘Kylie drops her trademark helium trill to adopt a gravelly rasp.’
    • ‘I clutched the pentagram necklace at my neck, tears spilling down my cheeks and breath starting to come in uneven rasps again.’
    • ‘The old man's breathing was becoming more irregular, reduced only to hoarse rasps.’
    grinding, grating, scraping, scrape, scratching, scratch
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  • 2A coarse file or similar metal tool for scraping, filing, or rubbing down objects of metal, wood, or other hard material.

    • ‘Teams still bring propane torches, rasps, sandpaper and saws on the road, just in case.’
    • ‘I've now got wrenches, spanners, rasps and paint brushes.’
    • ‘I spent a lot of time in the Cooper stock shop and watched awestruck as a talented stockmaker with nothing but a pencil outlined a classic's cheekpiece and then made it happen with a couple of wood rasps.’
    • ‘In it are a simple Japanese keyhole saw and a host of carpenter's rasps that resemble cheese graters and that peel at the wood with a steady ‘chht, chht’.’
    • ‘There was the sound of a rasp, then paper shuffling.’
    • ‘You can add a paint mixer, right-angle drive, wire brushes, wood countersinks, and even saws, lathes, and rotary rasps and files.’
    • ‘Then, with an ample supply of worn-out rasps on hand, he used the technique to make knife blades that held an edge longer.’
    • ‘The harsh hiss of the rasp in her hand provided Alex a safe distraction from the world outside.’
    • ‘As it turns out, this stone, though still easy to carve with rasps, is harder than Texas soapstone and so I used a Dremel to hollow out the space between the fall of the wings and the figure's body.’
    • ‘Cajuns improvised and improved the instruments first by bending rake tines, replacing rasps and notched gourds used in Afro-Caribbean music with washboards, and eventually producing their own masterful accordions.’
    • ‘The final, almost slippery smooth form, was achieved with an amazing amount of hard work with planes, rasps and sandpaper - Russia still has an economy in which fine hand labour can be afforded on a large scale.’
    • ‘The tools used for more refined work include gouges, drills, various types of chisel, a mallet, rasps, files, and rifflers, some of which duplicate the tools used in stonecarving and modelling.’
    • ‘There was a last for men's shoes and one for ladies ’, with various leather knives, rasps, tins of small brass nails and bobbins of waxed sewing thread.’

verb

  • 1no object Make a harsh, grating noise.

    ‘my breath rasped in my throat’
    • ‘The Hulk constantly growls: even when he's at rest, the breath rasps in his lungs, with barely-contained rage.’
    • ‘His breath rasps in his lungs and iron chains that weights him down binds his arms.’
    • ‘My breath rasped and sweat beaded on the nape of my neck.’
    • ‘Her breath was rasping now, and he could hear the pain in her voice when she spoke.’
    • ‘He'd swallowed some of it, I could tell, from the way his voice rasped in his throat.’
    • ‘Lilly snickered, her breath rasping and grating as she tried to move her head closer to her mistress.’
    • ‘Sara ran as fast as she could, her breath rasping in her throat and blood pounding in her ears.’
    • ‘Breath rasped in his throat and drops of red flew from his side as he loped past the pews.’
    • ‘Her ears twisted until they stuck out sideways, she took several rasping breaths.’
    • ‘The flight station was instantly filled with a deafening, rasping, angry noise, as if a chainsaw had been started at full throttle.’
    • ‘‘I wasn't expecting it either’ I started to say, my throat aching and rasping, dry, awkward.’
    • ‘Her eyes were closed, mouth hanging open just slightly with her harsh breath rasping steadily.’
    • ‘The breath rasped in her throat as she began the game of cat and mouse, charred robe held up past her knees so she could run.’
    • ‘My breath rasped in my throat and deeper, right in my lungs.’
    • ‘As I leant down, I could hear her lungs rasping for breath.’
    • ‘My boots thumped against cobbles and breath rasped in my lungs as the guard tried one door, then another.’
    • ‘The high pitched voice rasps out the names of the students with machine gun velocity.’
    • ‘Whilst one guitar churns and rasps with melodic chime, the other layers in off kilter leads and rich sustained sounds.’
    • ‘Her breath rasped in her throat, and blinking felt like a supreme effort.’
    • ‘As Arun knelt before him and unslung his bag, he could hear the fledgling panting: slow, rasping, shallow breaths.’
    1. 1.1with direct speech Say in a harsh, grating voice.
      ‘‘Stay where you are!’ he rasped’
      • ‘When we both finally came gasping for breath he rasped, ‘What does this mean?’’
      • ‘‘Don't be anxious, Love,’ he rasped, his warm breath tingling her neck.’
      • ‘These Begilans are ruthless and will stop at nothing to conquer the whole Universe,’ a Councilor's voice rasped out.’
      • ‘‘You,’ she rasped harshly between heaving breaths.’
      • ‘‘You're probably right,’ she rasped, her throat dry.’
      • ‘The voice rasped softly ‘No, if you have what you wanted, just let me die.’’
      • ‘Moniker rasped under his breath and yanked the reigns, kicking his steed into action.’
      • ‘"I'm fine, " he rasped out, lying through his teeth.’
      • ‘‘Stay away from me… ‘she rasped, her voice scorched and broken by fire.’’
      • ‘‘Only if you're ready,’ Conner said, his voice rasping but firm.’
      • ‘‘Help,’ I barely managed to rasp out of my dry throat.’
      • ‘He took another ragged breath, then rasped, ‘What was that?’’
      • ‘‘Center me on Sam Beckett,’ he rasped, in a voice he barely recognized.’
      • ‘‘Take a good, long look at this face, Mr. Farrell ’, rasps Bubsy the Bobcat through the prison phone.’
      • ‘When I picked it up, a smoky voice rasped at me, ‘Goddamnit, Crumley, where the hell are you?’’
      • ‘‘Could've fooled me,’ he rasped in between breaths.’
      • ‘‘I can't stop loving you,’ he rasped in that wonderful voice, ‘I've made up my mind.’’
      • ‘I sagged back on the cold floor, my voice faltering as I rasped, ‘I not hurt you.’’
      • ‘‘Come Defender and fight,’ it rasped in grating voice.’
      • ‘The woman rasped out in a harsh, rough voice.’
      croak, say hoarsely, utter hoarsely, squawk, shrill, caw
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  • 2with object Scrape or file (something) with a rasp.

    ‘the horse has to be sedated for its teeth to be rasped’
    • ‘Initially, wood is rasped evenly from the length of each limb on the bow.’
    • ‘The thrips will rasp the foliage, leaving whitish streaks.’
    • ‘Any flares present at this time are removed by rasping the lower part of the hoof wall from the outside.’
    scrape, file, rub, abrade, grate, sand, sandpaper, scratch, scour
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    1. 2.1 (of a rough surface or object) scrape in a painful or unpleasant way.
      ‘the bark was deeply grooved, rasping her fingers’
      • ‘Pale knuckles rasped against its worn surface, falling in gentle depressions in the wood made by countless other such actions.’
    2. 2.2rasp something away/off Remove something by scraping it off.
      ‘more enamel is rasped off the upper outside edges of the teeth’
      • ‘The dog-whelk's radula drills into other animals such as barnacles, while the limpet's is used to rasp algae off rock surfaces.’
      • ‘Most chitons feed by rasping algae and other encrusted food off of the rocks on which they crawl.’
      • ‘You probably rasp the soles off their shoes just for fun before they know what's happening.’

Origin

Middle English (as a verb): from Old French rasper, perhaps of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

rasp

/rɑːsp/