One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1Collectively: the dissenters who separated from the Russian Orthodox Church at the time of the Raskol.
2The schism in the Russian Orthodox Church which followed the excommunication in 1667 of those who refused to accept the liturgical reforms of the Patriarch Nikon (1605–81).
3More generally: dissent from an established orthodoxy.
Late 19th century. From Russian raskol″ (now raskol) schism, dissent, specifically use of raskol″ split, division from rasklati to disrupt, to break up from ras-, variant (before second elements with initial voiceless consonant) of raz-, prefix expressing separation or intensification + klati to break, to chop, to split, to cleave (now kolot′).
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