One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1The crime, typically committed by a man, of forcing another person to have sexual intercourse with the offender against their will.‘he denied two charges of rape’count noun ‘he had committed at least two rapes’as modifier ‘a rape victim’sexual assault, sexual abuseView synonyms
- 1.1archaic The abduction of a woman, especially for the purpose of having sexual intercourse with her.‘the Rape of the Sabine Women’abduction, carrying off, kidnapping, seizure, captureView synonyms
- 1.1archaic The abduction of a woman, especially for the purpose of having sexual intercourse with her.
2The wanton destruction or spoiling of a place.‘the rape of the countryside’destruction, violation, vandalizing, ravaging, pillagingView synonyms
1(typically of a man) force (another person) to have sexual intercourse with the offender against their will.‘the woman was raped at knifepoint’no object ‘he pleaded not guilty to burglary with intent to rape’sexually assault, violate, force oneself on, abuse sexuallyView synonyms
2Spoil or destroy (a place)‘timber men doubt the government's ability to ensure the forests are not raped’ravage, plunder, pillage, violate, desecrate, defileView synonyms
Late Middle English (originally denoting violent seizure of property, later carrying off a woman by force): from Anglo-Norman French rap (noun), raper (verb), from Latin rapere ‘seize’.
A plant of the cabbage family with bright yellow heavily scented flowers, especially a variety (oilseed rape) grown for its oil-rich seed and as stockfeed.
Genus Brassica, family Cruciferae, in particular B. napus subsp. oleiferaAlso called colza
- ‘Its research has found that approximately 2.5 million acres of crops like wheat, oilseed rape and sugar beet currently produced for food could instead be grown for alternative uses such as ‘bio-fuels’.’
- ‘Farmers who have turned vast swathes of East Yorkshire into a ‘sea of yellow crops’ with oilseed rape are clogging the county with volatile chemicals that are causing widespread hay fever symptoms, scientists say.’
- ‘People should not have to attempt to push their way through knee-high wheat or oilseed rape.’
- ‘The very warm and dry conditions had seen half of lowland winter barley crops harvested with winter oilseed rape not far behind.’
- ‘Now the main income is generated by a simplified system of wheat, barley, oilseed rape and sugar beet.’
- ‘Up to 7000 acres of oilseed rape contaminated with genes designed to resist a herbicide were planted by hundreds of Scottish farmers in the spring because of a mistake by the international seed company, Advanta.’
- ‘Every British motorist will soon be driving on petrol made from sugar beet and diesel made from oilseed rape as part of the Government's fight against climate change.’
- ‘Problems facing farmers include the extra costs involved in drying wheat, barley and oilseed rape.’
- ‘The hedgerows are in bloom, too, and, on the way to Minehead, there are several fields filled with oilseed rape, an early crop, flowering into lemon yellow already.’
- ‘They were back in the country, surrounded by fields of bright yellow oilseed rape.’
- ‘The former arable area has been re-focused to give a more 21st century feel and will include demonstration crops such as oilseed rape grown for bio-diesel fuel.’
- ‘Environment Secretary Margaret Beckett approved cultivation of the herbicide-tolerant maize but rejected commercial cultivation of GM beet and oilseed rape.’
- ‘Three East Yorkshire fields where genetically modified oilseed rape has been growing have been contaminated with illegal antibiotic genes, it emerged today.’
- ‘Biofuels can be made from oilseed rape, beet, recovered vegetable oil and tallow, and incorporated in diesel and petrol.’
- ‘‘We've got peas and oilseed rape, too,’ he said.’
- ‘There has been mounting concern following evidence that oilseed rape grown as part of GM crop trials in Scotland may accidentally have entered the food chain.’
- ‘Ramblers say oilseed rape and cereal crops are still blocking rights of way across North Yorkshire in spite of the county's policy of taking a firm line with farmers who fail to clear obstructions.’
- ‘It studies the effects of growing modified maize, potatoes and oilseed rape commercially on farms.’
- ‘It is recommended that GM oilseed rape and beet should not be grown in Britain.’
- ‘The potential impact of the latter species on oilseed rape was recently reported in France, where this crop is heavily damaged by O. ramosa.’
Late Middle English (originally denoting the turnip plant): from Latin rapum, rapa ‘turnip’.
nounmass nounalso rapes
The stalks and skins of grapes left after winemaking, used in making vinegar.
Early 17th century (as rape wine): from French râpe, medieval Latin raspa ‘bunch of grapes’.
(in the UK) any of the six ancient divisions of Sussex.
- ‘First, the county was, uniquely, divided into six rapes - strips centred on Chichester, Arundel, Bramber, Lewes, Pevensey, and Hastings.’
- ‘Their equivalents in the Danelaw were wapen-takes, in Kent lathes, in Yorkshire ridings, and in Sussex rapes.’
- ‘These and the rapes of the south were a cluster of lands granted around a central castle, which the holder was expected to build and maintain.’
Old English, variant of rope, with reference to the fencing-off of land.
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