Definition of ransom in English:

ransom

noun

  • 1A sum of money demanded or paid for the release of a captive.

    ‘the kidnappers demanded a ransom’
    [mass noun] ‘he was demanding millions of pounds in ransom’
    • ‘Graham was kidnapped a month after the lottery win and his kidnapper demanded a ransom.’
    • ‘Since 1993, ransoms for western hostages have ballooned from $100,000 to more than $1 million.’
    • ‘Dogs have been kidnapped - and ransoms paid - because of it.’
    • ‘A U.S. Navy official who tracks piracy issues says as long as shipping companies are willing to pay ransoms, than piracy will continue.’
    • ‘Seven-figure ransoms in used bills easily fit in a standard-size briefcase.’
    • ‘The militants have also kidnapped over 2,500 persons; many are still untraced even after payment of hefty ransoms.’
    • ‘Also, the quarry itself seems to be a good place to hide victims while ransoms are demanded or to dispose of bodies if the ransom is not paid.’
    • ‘Goods - particularly ransoms, dowries and spoils of war - were measured in gold.’
    • ‘Others are kidnapped and killed to extort lucrative ransoms from their families.’
    • ‘He maintained that he had no money to pay the ransom demanded and that it was a case of mistaken identity.’
    • ‘Then he would demand high ransoms from their parents.’
    • ‘He went on to state that if ransoms were paid, no one should be in danger.’
    • ‘Dogs are being snatched from families and ransoms of hundreds of euro then demanded for their safe return.’
    • ‘In the last five years, at least 250 doctors were kidnapped; some were killed and others released after paying hefty ransoms.’
    • ‘The protection money and ransoms governments or insurgents extort from oil companies do not prolong the violence.’
    • ‘The hostages were freed in batches several months later after several million dollars in ransoms were paid.’
    • ‘Kidnapping is an industry in Colombia, and the main businessmen in this morbid human trade are the guerrillas who use the ransoms to fund their war.’
    • ‘All but one have now been released, but only after millions of dollars in ransoms were paid.’
    • ‘US officials have cautioned against ransoms, saying they encourage further kidnappings.’
    pay-off, payment, price
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[mass noun]The holding or freeing of a captive in return for payment of a ransom.
      ‘the capture and ransom of the king’
      • ‘It was he who through his manipulation and deception engineered the capture and ransom of my beloved daughter.’
      • ‘Only recently had she found out he had intended to capture her and take her away for ransom.’
      • ‘The objectification of women is further underscored by Bacon's seizing them as captives for ransom.’
      • ‘Exchange or ransom was to be strictly according to rank, as specified in elaborate tables.’
      • ‘Disillusioned and discouraged, there was nothing to do, but stay in France and hope for another battle of Crécy or Poieters to come his way, and with it, a chance to capture a French noble for ransom.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1 Obtain the release of (a captive) by paying a ransom.

    ‘the lord was captured in war and had to be ransomed’
    • ‘The enemy was allowed, if they could, to ransom their enslaved women and children.’
    • ‘He was captured and imprisoned by Duke Leopold before being handed over to the German emperor Henry VI, who ransomed him for the huge sum of 150,000 marks.’
    • ‘Among the New Mexicans were a Ute raised in captivity by New Mexicans and a New Mexican raised in captivity among the Utes until his family were able to ransom him.’
    • ‘Abducted by the Xiongnu hordes in 195, Cai Yan lived for twelve years in Mongolia as a chieftain's wife, bearing him two children before she was finally ransomed and returned home.’
    • ‘Eunice grew up with the Indians, who were Catholic and French-speaking, and scandalised her own people by refusing to be ransomed and marrying a Mohawk called Squirrel.’
    • ‘While most of the captives were eventually ransomed, the raid stood as a clear reminder to all the colonies and to Britain as well of how dangerous was frontier life.’
    • ‘‘We will ransom them, of course,’ Lombard said.’
    • ‘They surrendered and they were sentenced to death without a trial or chance to be ransomed.’
    • ‘It was common in Talmudic times for criminals to kidnap Jews for exorbitant ransoms, relying on the Jewish obligation to ransom captives.’
    • ‘When she was eventually defeated by Edward IV, she was kept captive in various English castles until ransomed by Louis XI.’
    • ‘Captives, when they are not enslaved, are killed, or exchanged after peace has been concluded, or ransomed by their countrymen, or adopted into the tribe of the captors.’
    • ‘He repeatedly had to ransom prisoners taken in the course of Lombard raids, who would otherwise have been sold off as slaves.’
    • ‘No amnesty may be granted to him, nor can he be ransomed.’
    • ‘In 1993, Colombia's government briefly made paying ransoms illegal, but there was an outcry from victims' relatives.’
    • ‘In response to such losses, villages under attack defended themselves, families ransomed captured relatives, and large African states attempted to prevent the export of their subjects as slaves.’
    • ‘Eventually Riley convinced a desert trader named Sidi Hamet to purchase him and four members of his crew and take them north - to a trading post where they could be ransomed and returned home.’
    • ‘Despite the fact that his father was a landowner, town councillor, and clergyman we hear of no attempt to rescue or ransom the captive.’
    • ‘In August 1970 he was ransomed by the West German government, after which he continued his studies at Lübeck University.’
    • ‘The government ransomed the Philadelphia's crew, and Tripoli promised not to attack American ships.’
    • ‘The Athenians suffered 1,000 casualties, the Thebans more; Athenian prisoners were released without payment, whereas Thebes had to ransom its men.’
    1. 1.1Hold (a captive) and demand a ransom for their release.
      ‘an English force burnt the village and ransomed the inhabitants’
      • ‘So some pirates now take hostages instead of ships or cargo, and ransom them for tens of thousands of dollars.’
      • ‘This sort of thing was a common enough practice, for ransoming nobles was a profitable business.’
      • ‘Suspecting the car may be the one being ransomed, police stopped Ali Jaan before he got into the car.’
      • ‘It's just an incredibly natural film where Robert Shaw heads up a crew of four men who hijack a New York City subway train and ransom the passengers for a million dollars.’
      • ‘Alternatively, prisoners of war might be ransomed, a more laborious yet more profitable process, since a standard ransom of 200 drachmas was a sum which few slaves would fetch.’
    2. 1.2Release (a captive) after receiving a ransom.
      ‘they were all ransomed and returned unharmed’
      • ‘The ransomed Sarah was delivered to the Sisters at La Chine and was baptized a Catholic at age fifteen.’
      • ‘Being ransomed to him would work out best for everyone.’

Phrases

  • hold someone to ransom

    • 1Hold someone captive and demand payment for their release.

      • ‘‘I think they are holding their child to ransom,’ she said.’
      • ‘Some of them have recently made life difficult for the British servicemen there, by abducting 11 of their number and effectively holding them to ransom.’
      • ‘They will kidnap his wealthy dad and hold him to ransom.’
      • ‘A Yorkshire businessman tried to hold his own family to ransom after claiming he had been kidnapped from his kebab shop.’
      • ‘Earlier this month, another man was arrested for planning to kidnap a Barcelona player so he could hold him to ransom to pay off his business debt.’
      • ‘And people who are worth something are more likely to be kidnapped and held for large ransoms.’
      • ‘A group of shipwrecked passengers are captured and held for ransom by an African king, Talou VII.’
      1. 1.1Demand concessions from a person or organization by threatening damaging action.
        ‘the company would be powerful enough to hold governments to ransom’
        • ‘In other words, they're going back on their previous deal, and once again threatening to hold the country to ransom.’
        • ‘He also suggested the company had been held to ransom by its creditor banks.’
        • ‘Lord Jacobs, who has been campaigning for three years to get drugs prices down, suggests that pharmaceutical companies are holding the government to ransom by threatening to withdraw their research from the UK.’
        • ‘Firstly it would free us from the oil barons who are holding us to ransom.’
        • ‘Both the Prime Minister and the Chancellor are clear - this government will not be held to ransom.’
        • ‘They effectively held the company to ransom by threatening ‘denial of service’ at peak times.’
        • ‘The universities are held to ransom by the threat that a failure to boost state school intake will mean financial penalties.’
        • ‘Head of Finance Eamonn O Sullivan said he did not believe that a situation would arise where the council would be held to ransom by the health board.’
        • ‘He also assured the president the organisation had no intention of holding the government to ransom with threats of violence.’
        • ‘‘Our hands are tied because insurance companies are holding us to ransom and the State Government needs to do something about it,’ Mr Giudice said.’
  • a king's ransom

    • A huge amount of money.

      ‘perfume which cost a king's ransom per ounce’
      • ‘While showering Taylor with jewels worth a king's ransom, he also gave generously to friends such as Smith.’
      • ‘How did I acquire a king's ransom in paper currency?’
      • ‘A friend lost a king's ransom and asked me to look into the circumstances, and what I found was disturbing.’
      • ‘Not a single person in our hospital makes a king's ransom.’
      • ‘At the time, I thought we had paid a king's ransom for the place.’
      • ‘It is hardly a king's ransom, but it could make all the difference.’
      • ‘The President had no option but to dissolve the House and order a mid-term poll which cost the exchequer a king's ransom.’
      • ‘While these industry titans get paid a king's ransom whether they succeed or fail, job security is a thing of the past.’
      • ‘All of a sudden Muriel got her handbag and went up to him and gave him a king's ransom.’
      • ‘There have been reports both in this country and Australia suggesting that we were about to pay a king's ransom.’
      a fortune, a small fortune, a huge amount, a vast sum, millions, billions
      a mint, a bundle, a packet, a pretty penny, a tidy sum
      a bomb, loadsamoney, shedloads
      big bucks, big money, gazillions
      big bickies
      View synonyms
    • see ransom
      a fortune, a small fortune, a huge amount, a vast sum, millions, billions
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French ransoun (noun), ransouner (verb), from Latin redemptio(n-) ransoming, releasing (see redemption). Early use also occurred in theological contexts expressing ‘deliverance’ and ‘atonement’.

Pronunciation:

ransom

/ˈrans(ə)m/