One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A person employed to assess the accuracy of the shooting on a firing range; = "marker". Now chiefly historical.
2Gunnery. An object used by a gunner as a marker to indicate the range attainable by a particular piece of artillery. Now chiefly historical.
3North American Nautical. Each of two or more markers used as a navigational aid, appearing in alignment to shipping which is following a safe course.
4Radar. A visual indication of distance on a radar screen.
Late 19th century; earliest use found in The Times. From range + marker.
range marker/ˈreɪn(d)ʒ ˌmɑːkə/
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