Definition of rampant in English:



  • 1(especially of something unwelcome) flourishing or spreading unchecked.

    ‘political violence was rampant’
    ‘rampant inflation’
    • ‘This could be accounted for by his being credited with reducing rampant inflation through a shock of strict monetary policies.’
    • ‘One main aim of this plan was to halt the rampant inflation of the Nicaraguan currency, the cordoba.’
    • ‘Put simply, if inflation is bad, it is difficult to see why rampant house price inflation can credibly be seen as anything good.’
    • ‘In the early 1980s, the rampant inflation of the late 1970s came to an end much more quickly than anyone thought possible.’
    • ‘Inflation was rampant (reaching around 1,000 per cent in Argentina) and currencies collapsed.’
    • ‘Indeed, by the end of 1981 inflation was rampant, reaching 14.1 percent.’
    • ‘Student loads have tripled, and, although grade inflation is rampant, few faculty are inclined to question the decline in standards.’
    • ‘At first the deficit was partly masked by rampant inflation and partly also set off against the money coming in from privatizations.’
    • ‘All wages were frozen in 1984 while inflation was rampant.’
    • ‘This job, more than any other, has really opened my eyes to just how rampant and unchecked mental illness is these days.’
    • ‘We're also told we're experiencing rampant house price inflation which will undermine inflation targets.’
    • ‘One of the more insidious invasions of our privacy rights is the rampant spread of drug tests in the American workplace.’
    • ‘Inflation was rampant, industrial output was low and agricultural production was below prewar levels.’
    • ‘The state of the economy and the rampant spread of methamphetamine use has many not caring how they go about getting the tourist to hand over the money.’
    • ‘Weeks after allegations of rampant grade inflation, Harvard University professors are being asked to justify the grades they give students.’
    • ‘Council tax, on the other hand, is based on property values and so can throw up all sorts of anomalies, especially at times of rampant house price inflation.’
    • ‘It is also suffering from rampant inflation, resulting in strikes, protests and the collapse of business investments.’
    • ‘Individuals had to learn the importance of clean hands and basic personal sanitation to stop the rampant spread of infectious disease.’
    • ‘In my view, it has always been a case of rampant U.S. Credit inflation impairing the dollar.’
    • ‘Online rumors and misinformation are rampant and can spread like wildfire.’
    uncontrolled, unrestrained, unchecked, unbridled, widespread, pandemic, epidemic, pervasive
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    1. 1.1Unrestrained in action or performance.
      ‘rampant sex’
      • ‘In his eyes, to improve the situation, effective control over the rampant exaggeration contained in advertisements for sex products was necessary.’
      • ‘Boxthorn's rampant growth has always been a problem.’
      • ‘More than just a rampant performer his instantly distinguishable, almost androgynous voice has the power to hurt and haunt in vastly varying situations.’
      • ‘It is a similar picture in thousands of villages across China, where population growth has meant rampant farming and wasteful irrigation.’
      • ‘In Salient issue 15, you may have read about how somebody ruined their life with the excesses of rampant sex and drugs, and to be honest it does happen.’
      • ‘Are some men having rampant, unprotected sex because they're high?’
      • ‘See, normally these Emanuelle flicks are little more than goofy showcases for rampant nudity and sex, but that isn't the case here.’
      • ‘So it seems they are logging on to my website expecting photos of rampant sex in a car park and finding photos of wild flowers instead.’
      • ‘They had secured a bonus point by the 25th minute, and eight more scores followed in a rampant second-half performance, with Will Greenwood and Ben Cohen both grabbing a brace of tries.’
      • ‘The downturn in the technology sector put a swift end to IT recruitment trends characterised by inflated salaries and rampant job-hopping at all levels.’
      • ‘White on 55 minutes and Hall on 87 minutes left their mark but it was a rampant second half performance that saw the home side sweep Croydon away, almost with the outgoing tide.’
      vehement, strong, violent, forceful, raging, wild, intense, fanatical, passionate
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    2. 1.2(of a plant) lush in growth; luxuriant.
      ‘a rich soil soon becomes home to rampant weeds’
      • ‘The weeds and rampant vegetation seem to be dying off, as if the owner has run amok with a weedkiller can a few years too late.’
      • ‘It grows easily from rooted pieces of stem and although it is fairly vigorous, it does not suffocate other plants in the same way as a more rampant climber such as Star Jasmine would do.’
      • ‘Although they can be controlled by hard pruning after the flowers have faded, it might be better to plant something less rampant in the first place.’
      • ‘Cedar trees were rampant on the untended grounds, attesting to the name of the Suttons' residence, and as he strode by one, he reached for a handful of green needles.’
      • ‘For ground cover, nothing is more rampant than my favourite edible plant, the scrambling and climbing Tropaeolum, also known as nasturtium.’
      • ‘The vigorous, almost rampant tree is very productive in both spring and fall.’
      • ‘Avoid rampant non-natives species such as Canadian pond weed and rapidly spreading duckweeds and water ferns.’
      • ‘When I met him - back from cutting rampant ferns on the Plains - he had just heard a rare hawfinch in ‘Barbara's garden’.’
      • ‘And yes, they need sun-drenched days to produce the rampant vines that manufacture carbohydrates that sweeten the fruits.’
      • ‘It is most prominent at this time of year, after the snow and before the rampant vegetation covers the worse excesses.’
      • ‘Make sure, though, that you have room to grow them: Wisterias are vigorous, even rampant growers.’
      • ‘Cracked masonry, incessant graffiti and rampant weeds completed an image of decrepitude.’
      • ‘And, fortunately for gardeners, there are many other ornamental climbers that are not quite as rampant but produce a good display throughout the year.’
      • ‘The glamour has faded away, because of the weak main building and the rampant plants growing inside and outside.’
      • ‘The rampant vines produce numerous pods that turn purple as they mature.’
      • ‘Instead of getting rid of it, I decided to ‘plant’ it in the back garden where a rampant Euphorbia wulfenii needed restraining.’
      • ‘Members of Friends of the Earth in York say the city's best nature sites have been swamped by rampant foreign weeds, which pose a serious threat to native animals and flora.’
      luxuriant, exuberant, lush, rank, rich, riotous, profuse, lavish, vigorous, productive
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  • 2Heraldry
    [usually postpositive] (of an animal) represented standing on one hind foot with its forefeet in the air (typically in profile, facing the dexter side, with right hind foot and tail raised)

    ‘two gold lions rampant’
    • ‘Groups of winged sphinxes and griffins trampling fallen goats alternate with rampant goats and seated griffins.’
    • ‘Now the dome was restored to its original purple, and the gold rampant horse reared above it.’
    • ‘In the very few crannies left behind are fleurs-de-lis, rampant lions, unicorns, dogs, and vases of flowers.’
    • ‘Large ornate metal gates broke the monotony of the fencing, featuring the crest of a rampant goat and ox, and supported by two pillars crowned by identical statues of rampant elephants bearing arms.’
    • ‘The massively arched door, in the style of a portcullis, is defended on either side by rampant lions, petrified in mid-snarl.’
    upright, erect, rearing, vertical, perpendicular, upended, on end
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Middle English (as a heraldic term): from Old French, literally crawling, present participle of ramper (see ramp). From the original use describing a wild animal arose the sense ‘fierce’, whence the current notion of ‘unrestrained’.