Definition of quench in English:

quench

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Satisfy (one's thirst) by drinking.

    • ‘Harvard School of Public Health professor Grace Wyshak recently found that ninth and 10 th-grade girls who sipped soda were three times more likely to break bones than those who quenched their thirsts with other drinks.’
    • ‘He no longer quenches his thirst by drinking sodas.’
    • ‘But with high chances of dehydration in this hot and dry weather, which will only continue to intensify in March and April, these refreshment stalls are a quick fix to quench your thirst.’
    • ‘A few glasses of the juice quenches thirst and satisfies hunger, said Elis.’
    • ‘On the way back, we stopped at that McDonald's, just to get frozen drinks to quench our thirsts.’
    • ‘It leaves your mouth so coated that nothing quenches your thirst, and your fingers so oily that you dare touch nothing of value for hours.’
    • ‘He felt so grateful for the simple taste of a few gulps of water that he sat back to enjoy the way it had quenched his thirst.’
    • ‘But the rest of you, squandering money to quench your thirst with a drink more expensive than petrol, you're just weak-willed and wet.’
    • ‘But once we've quenched our thirst, having just ended a cross-town walk, we're more interested in food than booze.’
    • ‘We walked under deep blue skies, quenched our thirst from mountain streams and lakes, fought off horses that thought they had more right than us to our lunch, collected herbs and revelled in the magnificent scenery.’
    • ‘Give people great drinks that quench their thirst and spark their imagination.’
    • ‘Lying outside the hurricane belt, it receives little rain and must rely on the largest desalination plant in the world to quench the thirst of its population of 150,000.’
    • ‘The cast of Frasier were rebuked for ‘consuming very large ice cream cones’ and drinking alcohol to quench their thirst after exercise.’
    • ‘You could drink it, but it doesn't quench thirst in the least, and it has a slightly bitter taste.’
    • ‘The sizzling sunshine made it a bumper day for the publicans and stallholders with horse traders rushing to quench their thirst at regular intervals.’
    • ‘A friendly efficient staff is happy to help you quench your thirst by bringing you a drink from the fully stocked bar.’
    • ‘After we had quenched our thirst, we headed off back for Swinford.’
    • ‘Two deer had come to drink, one keeping watch while the other quenched its thirst.’
    • ‘We moved back to the bar joking and laughing, and ordered drinks to quench our thirst.’
    • ‘On Saturday night, the visitors paid a visit to a traditional Irish music session in Clancy's Pub on Leinster Street, where, after their long walk they quenched their thirst with pints of Guinness and Irish malt.’
    fulfil, gratify, meet, fill, serve, provide for, supply
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Satisfy (a desire)
      ‘he only pursued her to quench an aching need’
      • ‘When he could not quench his academic thirst here, he went to Darul Uloom Deoband, the biggest Islamic Centre of learning in India and studied there for four years.’
      • ‘The São Paolo crash did not quench Hellé's racing ambitions.’
      • ‘We need time to indulge in the things that we like doing purely for our own gratification once in a while to remind us that we, too, exist and need to quench certain desires.’
      • ‘To quench the thirst for power, Datang Power has applied to raise up to 6 billion yuan by selling one billion A shares to fund expansion of 10 power plants.’
      • ‘Enroute, he quenched his thirst for academics by acquiring a doctorate degree in Industrial Management from IIT-M.’
      • ‘People try various ways to quench their spiritual thirst and to satisfy their soul's hunger and thirst.’
      • ‘Human taste requires variety and something should be done to quench this yearning for variety in the desert they are wandering in.’
      • ‘This is the enduring challenge facing libraries and museums: to create experiences that quench our desire for inquiry and community.’
      • ‘At this stage - after five trophies the year before last, and a second-placed, 80-point finish last season - only one trophy can fully quench the local thirst.’
      • ‘Then at least I could get angry, and that might have helped quench this burning desire.’
      • ‘The chasteberry (also called vitex) fruit was used for centuries to quench sexual desire, particularly in monks.’
      • ‘Whatever happens, she's with me now, and her gentle touch quenches the wild fires burning within me.’
      • ‘To quench her thirst for knowledge, Dai Yanqin, who has eight years of administrative experience in the East China Bureau of General Administration of Civil Aviation of China, is preparing for further study.’
      • ‘The ladies were spotted at El Tiempo, where Sharon quenched her Tex-Mex cravings, and at Trellis Spa at the Houstonian, where they indulged in massages.’
      • ‘Later, a trip alongside the Black Sea helped quench Sorokin's inexhaustible desire to travel.’
      • ‘The desire for a better life is not easily quenched.’
      • ‘The then Preston manager, David Moyes, made sure that was possible, taking him to Deepdale, where he quenched his thirst for further development.’
      • ‘That was 30 years ago and strangely enough it didn't quench my thirst for Indian meals and I've had many since then - but never as hot as that vindaloo.’
      • ‘With these books, her uncle hoped to quench her desire for adventure, but he only increased it.’
      • ‘I was in love you see, that dizzy, heady, heart wrenching type of love that has a tendency to afflict youths and cause them to go to great lengths to quench their desire and possess that which they crave.’
      satisfy, slake, sate, satiate, gratify, relieve, assuage, take the edge off, appease, meet, fulfil, indulge
      View synonyms
  • 2Extinguish (a fire)

    ‘firemen hauled on hoses in a desperate bid to quench the flames’
    • ‘He did not recall the incident referred to but would have advised people regularly at the time to quench cigarettes as the prohibition on smoking had been introduced about that time.’
    • ‘Workers reacted quickly, calling the fire brigade, although the fire was quenched using extinguishers, before the fire officers arrived.’
    • ‘The couple used domestic fire extinguishers to quench the flames in the Georgian house on the Lee Road.’
    • ‘Lives have been lost not because of the gravity of the infernos but because of lack of facilities to quench the flames, and generally due to inadequate safety measures.’
    • ‘Betacarotene helps to quench the chemical fires started by free radicals, and helps to protect the skin from sunburn.’
    • ‘The fire fighters could not use the mains water to quench the flames because Mayo County Council had switched off the main supply due to a shortage in the area.’
    • ‘Many years ago, my father told me that at the English College in Rome, young would-be priests were told about the pagan legend of the Salamander - the mythical lizard that walked into fire and quenched the flames by the power of its virtue.’
    • ‘The intense thunderstorm will quench the fires before they become wildfires and will dislodge the weaker numbers and prepare them for the next fire.’
    • ‘On Tuesday the Fire Brigade were called to quench two fires which had been relit from the previous night.’
    • ‘Neighbouring houses weren't in danger, according to the Fire Service, but it did take a long time to quench the flames, which had ravaged through the whole house.’
    • ‘A crew from Acomb - also in uniform - arrived promptly to quench the flames before anyone was hurt.’
    • ‘The fire, which broke out in a house close to the new Fossa GAA headquarters, was quickly brought under control and the unit returned to the scene at Gattabawn to continue the efforts to quench the forest blaze.’
    • ‘With the sea flowing around it and finally quenching its flames, the simple cairn takes on a metaphorical significance linking mankind to the elemental with a real sense of pathos and mutability.’
    • ‘It happened almost every night, the neighborhoods too poor to pay for the fire teams to quench the flames, one at a time the last refuges of squatters were being cleared out.’
    • ‘Sasha's father was one of the 70000 conscripts ordered in to bring in sand to quench the belching nuclear fires.’
    • ‘The fake emergency appeared almost real as fires were quenched and passengers brought to safety but thankfully the whole exercise was staged to ensure that the crews would be prepared should a disaster occur in the future.’
    • ‘The brave Kiltegan man grabbed jugs of water and eventually quenched the chip-pan fire which had threatened to reduce the house to ashes.’
    • ‘Accompanied by the local Fire Brigade, the Gardaí promptly arrived in Luí na Gréine and after a short period of time, members of the Fire Brigade managed to quench the flames.’
    • ‘The solution thus lies in a national programme to equip all fire stations countrywide so that these men and women who have to contend with fires to what they are paid to do - quench fires, protect property and save lives.’
    • ‘‘I am so sorry, Lauren,’ Alan said to her as they watched a team of firefighters quench the flames.’
    extinguish, put out, snuff out, smother, douse, dampen down
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1 Stifle or suppress (a feeling)
      ‘fury rose in him, but he quenched it’
      • ‘But it would take more than a technical hitch to quench the Winkelman enthusiasm.’
      • ‘Even more surprising is the way we quench our feelings of guilt.’
      • ‘By exciting false hopes of an ill-defined peace, we only inflame passions we cannot quench.’
      • ‘Neither the substance of this world nor the swelling floods of death could quench our Saviour's love for us.’
      • ‘But not even that realization could quench the outrage blazing at his core, and he stared at Sir Charrow, trapped between obedience, shame, and the fury which would not release him.’
      • ‘Ineffective efforts to quench anger may be due to the fact that other emotions are fueling its fire, so ask questions about what lead up to the child's anger and investigate anger's accomplices.’
      • ‘I felt my anger rising and tried vainly to quench it, the flames tickling me, begging to be let loose upon the man I now hated most.’
      • ‘You can't quench and suppress the human spirit and the desire for freedom forever.’
      • ‘There are no easy games at this level and as Dom Corrigan searches for inspiration to quench the disappointment of two defeats at the hands of Laois and Down, supporters are wondering if this is to be the year of our demise at league level.’
      • ‘He prefers to settle down after having quenched his curiosity.’
      • ‘The insistence that hate could be entirely quenched was earlier explained as the flip side of loving your neighbor.’
      • ‘Of course I merely suggested it to quench your curiosity.’
      • ‘If the new constitution doesn't quench that passion, the framers will have done their job.’
      • ‘I could think over what I felt towards him, to try and find a way to quench those irritating feelings that nagged consistently at my mind.’
      • ‘In the worst of storms and in the rush of floodwaters, even the strongest faith can be tested, yet the scriptures assure us many waters cannot quench love, neither can the floods drown it.’
      • ‘Even the terrifying thought of Max's hatred didn't quench her hopes.’
      • ‘You arrived confused, anxious to quench your curiosity at one of South Eastern Connecticut's top liberal arts colleges.’
      • ‘And as she engrained scientific research upon so many students, she was able to continually quench her lifelong curiosity in scientific research through her program.’
      • ‘Any hope of a recovery by Sligo Warriors was quickly quenched when they were held scoreless for almost the first four minutes of the last period.’
      • ‘Try being humble - quench the temper and keep in mind the wise advice of Confucius: Be nice, go far.’
    2. 2.2dated Reduce (someone) to silence.
      ‘she quenched Anne by a curt command to hold her tongue’
  • 3Rapidly cool (red-hot metal or other material), especially in cold water or oil.

    • ‘After holding them for predetermined times at various temperatures they are finally quenched in water.’
    • ‘After being annealed, the work metal is quenched in water to free it from particles of the salt mixture.’
    • ‘The subject parts can then be oil quenched to obtain a deeper effective and thus harder case than would have resulted from the carburizing process alone.’
    • ‘The values given below have been obtained on tensile test specimens that were oil quenched from 830°C and tempered at 250°C.’
    • ‘After holding for selected periods of time, the specimens are withdrawn from the bath and rapidly quenched in cold water.’
    • ‘Gray iron is usually quenched in salt, oil, or lead baths at 230 to 425°C for austempering.’
    • ‘The aluminum is heated to 550 degrees Celsius and must be quenched with water.’
    • ‘Certain alloys that are relatively insensitive to cooling rate during quenching can be either air cooled or water quenched directly from a final hot working operation.’
    • ‘In some instances the edge is time quenched; then the remainder of the tool is oil quenched for partial strengthening.’
    • ‘The steel is then quenched to the martensitic state and tempered at an appropriate temperature.’
    • ‘All material was solution treated at 1000°F, and quenched in cold water.’
    • ‘The parts were pulled from the 1,400-degree mix after soaking up the heat for up to an hour and then quenched in cold water.’
    • ‘The parts come out red hot and are quenched in a water bath.’
    • ‘If red hot steel is quenched in a hot decoction of mullein that preparation is useful for treating bleeding dysentery as well as increasing urination.’
    • ‘Many of these are supported on folded steel plates which, like all the other visible steel in the building, have been oil quenched.’
    • ‘For many years, a simple press heat treatment has been practiced, in which the hot working served as the solution treatment and the hot worked product had to be rapidly quenched.’
    • ‘She made a synthetic rock like the meteorite, heated it to 200°C, then quenched it in water.’
    • ‘It is possible to quench similar steels from 1050°C to form a low carbon martensite or with lower carbon content, acicular ferrite followed by tempering to give higher properties.’
    • ‘When steel is quenched these volume changes occur very rapidly and unevenly throughout the specimen.’
    • ‘When cast steels are quenched and tempered, the range of strength and of toughness is broadened.’
    1. 3.1Physics Electronics Suppress or damp (an effect such as luminescence, or an oscillation or discharge).
      • ‘Binding of chelatable Fe gradually quenches fluorescence until a steady state level of fluorescence is reached.’
      • ‘It was proposed that the sulfur atoms would quench the fluorescence of these tryptophan residues, which appears to be the case.’
      • ‘These studies relied on the ability of both halothane and chloroform to effectively quench the fluorescence of W15 located in the hydrophobic core of the four- [alpha] helix bundle.’
      • ‘Stimulated emission with a beam that is red-shifted with respect to the excitation wavelength can quench the fluorescence of the excited molecules.’
      • ‘Although they cannot be distinguished in the absorbance spectra, the lower exciton states provide an efficient way to deactivate the upper singlet state and to quench fluorescence.’

noun

  • An act of quenching a very hot substance.

    • ‘Gases flow from the secondary combustion chamber through the quench chamber, and then through air pollution control devices to remove acid gases and particulates.’
    • ‘The effectiveness of the quench will depend primarily on two factors: the geometry of the specimen, and the composition of the steel.’
    • ‘It should be noted, however, that this is not altogether advantageous, since the direction, as well as the magnitude, of the stress existing after the quench, is important in relation to cracking.’
    • ‘Decay rates were obtained from counting rates by using an external standard and a quench calibration curve.’
    • ‘The magnet was then slowly but steadily trained upward in field strength until, after 13 quenches, it reached 11.14 Tesla.’
    • ‘A combination of quench rate and the presence of subgrains or hot working structure can influence strength.’
    • ‘‘Congratulations Alex,’ Torik told her as he fished the cooled casting mold out of the quench bucket.’
    • ‘Combinations of elements can be chosen so that the volume change is reduced and also the risk of quench cracking.’
    • ‘The other way for classifying tool steels is according to the type of quench required to harden the steel.’
    • ‘The front end of the tank features a quench chamber to precool the tubing and seal the vacuum compartment, and a vacuum sizing sleeve is mounted on the entrance within a water well to provide a film of water on the tube as it enters the tank.’
    • ‘The ‘colors’ come during the quench process and while they may not add to the functional utility of the rifle, they add greatly to its appeal.’
    • ‘If maximum properties are required, the heat treatment consists of a solution treatment at high temperature followed by a quench and then natural or artificial aging.’
    • ‘When high hardness and wear resistance are the ultimate aim of this treatment, the temperature of the quench bath is usually held between 230 and 290°C.’
    • ‘Counts were standardized with a quench curve and expressed in dpm.’
    • ‘Similar structures are often observed in lower carbon steels as quenched, as a result of the formation of Fe 3 C during the quench.’
    • ‘A large number of small part ides are able to form during the quench from the solution-treating temperature and on the subsequent low-temperature precipitation heat treatment.’

Origin

Old English -cwencan (in acwencan ‘put out, extinguish’), of Germanic origin.

Pronunciation

quench

/kwɛn(t)ʃ/