Definition of Quaker in English:

Quaker

noun

  • A member of the Religious Society of Friends, a Christian movement founded by George Fox c.1650 and devoted to peaceful principles. Central to the Quakers' belief is the doctrine of the ‘Inner Light’, or sense of Christ's direct working in the soul. This has led them to reject both formal ministry and all set forms of worship.

    [as modifier] ‘a Quaker burial ground’
    • ‘A Quaker has appeared in court after refusing to pay part of his taxes, in case the money was used for military purposes.’
    • ‘Modern day Quakers will be leading tours around the building and the grounds and answering questions from visitors.’
    • ‘Their tendency to ‘quake’ with religious fervor led most to refer to Friends as Quakers.’
    • ‘The company, which has its origins in the Quaker movement, devised the fund after requests from customers.’
    • ‘The lecture will examine the faith and beliefs of 17th century Quakers and their relevance to today's society.’
    • ‘Indeed, he commended the Quakers, who rejected the sacraments, for their stress on God as Spirit.’
    • ‘In line with his Quaker beliefs he declared himself a conscientious objector so he could not be drafted into the military.’
    • ‘Some of these groups, including the Baptists, Quakers, and Mennonites, developed their own forms of worship.’
    • ‘The Quakers also rejected the use of you as a polite form of address, and preferred thou, which to them signalled intimacy and equality.’
    • ‘The movement he founded came to be known as the Quakers, or more correctly, the Religious Society of Friends.’
    • ‘Eddington was not only a rising star in astronomy but a Quaker - a religious pacifist.’
    • ‘Despite the attempts to prevent unlawful conventicles, the Baptists, Quakers, and other radicals were not to be uprooted.’
    • ‘It will not work to teach kids to be unaggressive because we do not have a society dominated by Quakers and pacifists.’
    • ‘I particularly enjoy the Sunday silence at my Quakers meeting house, which gives me much restoration of spirit.’
    • ‘We have allies among the Quakers, the Mennonites, and the members of the United Church of Christ.’
    • ‘But at the same time, the Quakers were religious outlaws who emigrated to America.’
    • ‘She wrote to the Society of Friends or Quakers in Dublin asking for relief and describing the appalling conditions of the times.’
    • ‘This had the effect of excluding Quakers from certain public offices, most significantly those of magistrates and judges.’
    • ‘He had a good sense of humour and practised the Quaker principles of simplicity and humility.’
    nonconformist, protestant, freethinker, recusant
    View synonyms

Origin

From quake + -er, perhaps alluding to George Fox's direction to his followers to ‘tremble at the name of the Lord’, or from fits supposedly experienced by worshippers when moved by the Spirit. Compare with shaker.

Pronunciation:

Quaker

/ˈkweɪkə/