(in the Middle East) a gently sloping underground channel or tunnel constructed to lead water from the interior of a hill to a village below.
- ‘Most amazing are the irrigation systems, called karezes or qanats.’
- ‘Settlements in other areas of the Brahui region depend on qanat irrigation, a system of tunnels dug between shafts to carry water.’
- ‘Any failure of the qanats could lead to the death of the entire village.’
Persian, from Arabic qanāt ‘reed, pipe, channel’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.