Definition of qadi in English:


(also kadi, cadi)

Pronunciation /ˈkɑːdi//ˈkeɪdi/

nounPlural qadis

  • (in Islamic countries) a judge.

    • ‘The rabbis in their pulpits and the kadis in their mosques have erased the word from their lexicon.’
    • ‘In Islamic history, to be sure, separate functions of government have been identified - the sultan is the military-political ruler, the khalifs and imams have religious authority, and kadis pass judgments in conflicts.’
    • ‘Ottoman rulers provided a safe haven in Jerusalem, especially for Jews, who often preferred to settle their disputes in Ottoman courts and submitted to the verdicts awarded by Ottoman kadis (jurists).’
    • ‘Customary law and Muslim law are carried out by the cadis in matters of personal rights and inheritance.’
    • ‘The police and the French gendarmerie help the European judges who dispense justice in the penal system and constitute the court of appeals for the tribunals of Islamic judges (cadis).’


Late 16th century: from Arabic qāḍī, from qaḍā ‘to judge’.