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(in Islamic countries) a judge.
- ‘The police and the French gendarmerie help the European judges who dispense justice in the penal system and constitute the court of appeals for the tribunals of Islamic judges (cadis).’
- ‘In Islamic history, to be sure, separate functions of government have been identified - the sultan is the military-political ruler, the khalifs and imams have religious authority, and kadis pass judgments in conflicts.’
- ‘Customary law and Muslim law are carried out by the cadis in matters of personal rights and inheritance.’
- ‘Ottoman rulers provided a safe haven in Jerusalem, especially for Jews, who often preferred to settle their disputes in Ottoman courts and submitted to the verdicts awarded by Ottoman kadis (jurists).’
- ‘The rabbis in their pulpits and the kadis in their mosques have erased the word from their lexicon.’
Late 16th century: from Arabic qāḍī, from qaḍā to judge.
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