Definition of purpura in English:



mass nounMedicine
  • 1A rash of purple spots on the skin caused by internal bleeding from small blood vessels.

    • ‘Adverse effects of warfarin include haemorrhage, hypersensitivity and skin rashes, alopecia, and purpura.’
    • ‘Inhibition of platelet adhesion and aggregation, prolonged bleeding time, purpura, postoperative wound hemorrhage’
    • ‘As described in the literature, the patient had a preceding upper respiratory infection, followed several days later by headache, myalgias, purpura, and fever.’
    • ‘Many of these patients had edema, purpura, or ecchymosis.’
    • ‘One or more of the following skin lesions were seen in 70% of all cases: purpura, macular or papular erythematous rash, urticaria, and subcutaneous nodules.’
    spots, skin eruption, breakout
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1with modifier Any of a number of diseases characterized by such a rash.
      ‘psychogenic purpura’
      • ‘She developed purpura fulminans and compartment syndrome in her limbs, requiring fasciotomies.’
      • ‘She was diagnosed with a thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura like syndrome and was treated with daily plasma exchange and steroids.’
      • ‘Another immune thrombocytopenia is posttransfusion purpura, where immune destruction of both transfused and recipient platelets is seen, usually beginning 5 to 12 days after transfusion.’
      • ‘In 1988, she presented with idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura and anemia.’
      • ‘Prone positioning did not worsen pre-existing skin injury (graft-vs-host disease and purpura fulminans).’


Mid 18th century: from Latin, from Greek porphura ‘purple’.