Definition of purgative in English:

purgative

adjective

  • 1Strongly laxative in effect.

    • ‘The laxative and purgative properties of Senna were discovered in the 9th century by the Arabs, who spread its use to Europe.’
    • ‘This purgative application is generally thought to be safe and effective even for geriatric and pediatric use.’
    • ‘If he was indeed suffering from syphilitic symptoms such as burning joint pain and oozing ulcerations, then this portrait could represent a sort of purgative catharsis.’
    • ‘Mention of health at the end of the entry on rhubarb brings to mind purgative powers, plus questions about possible health risks if a lot of rhubarb is eaten.’
    • ‘Bulimia nervosa can be difficult to identify because of extreme secrecy about binge eating and purgative behaviour.’
    • ‘A paste of the roots mixed with milk works as a laxative but with violent cathartic effect compared to the purgative jalap Ipomoea purga from which the true and milder jalap is extracted.’
    • ‘The purgative activity of RH appears to be due to rhein and the sennoside components.’
    • ‘If the fortunes made from purgative pills had been devoted to the hospitals which treat the victims of their abuse, the financial problems of the voluntary hospitals would have been solved.’
    • ‘Chinese people have used it for over 2000 years as a purgative medicine, although some scientists consider it a medical enigma.’
    • ‘This also applies to some purgative herbs such as rhubarb and senna leaf.’
    • ‘Prepared rhubarb is used when one desires to enhance the blood moving or heat clearing effects of the herb, but minimize the purgative action.’
    laxative, aperient, lenitive, cathartic, evacuant, purging
    eccoprotic
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 Having the effect of ridding one of unwanted feelings or memories:
      ‘the purgative action of language’
      • ‘But when the six percussionists timidly clink their cymbals, it's hard to keep thinking they're high priests presiding over a purgative rite.’
      • ‘The need for purgative violence in order to recreate the self hearkens back to the ‘fiery zeale’ of the universal conflagration.’
      • ‘The traditional vocabulary calls this the purgative path: We cleanse ourselves in order to keep God in our life.’
      • ‘Prior to Election Day, there was a widespread belief that the outcome of the 2000 Election was a fluke, an aberration, that would correct itself, as a sort of natural purgative process, in 2004.’
      • ‘It was, therefore, to take a leading trait of character, in this instance the uncompromising, unbending business ethic of a London merchant, and to trace its damaging development and its ultimate, purgative downfall.’
      • ‘What doesn't get manhandled out gets washed out with whatever purgative their employer prescribes.’
      • ‘Detoxification, in these narratives of spiritual struggle, counts as the long night of the soul: the body's purgative agony as it pours junk through all available orifices.’
      • ‘Olympics have a habit of inducing these purgative phases in host cities.’
      • ‘Some of them prime your emotions, setting you up for a let down or a purgative, thundering crash.’
      • ‘Dreams carried great significance and were sought through fasting or other purgative ceremonies.’
      • ‘The savage stomping dance; the primitive, purgative rite; a music of cosmic rigour - you don't have to go far from the Cité de la Musique to find glaring precedents.’
      • ‘We seem to prefer the smile that conceals an inner deception to the honest purgative truth about ourselves.’
      • ‘What's really troubling about someone like Eminem is the very purgative nature of art.’
      • ‘It is this purgative function of art to which Ernst Gombrich has appealed in his explication of the ‘grotesque.’’
      purging, purifying, cleansing, cleaning, releasing, relieving, freeing, delivering, exorcising, ridding
      View synonyms

noun

  • 1A laxative:

    ‘a widely employed and useful purgative’
    • ‘Some of its other traditional uses have been as a mild purgative for chronic constipation and for the treatment of swollen glands.’
    • ‘Mild oily purgatives like castor oil or bulk laxatives such as linseed or psyllium seeds are recommended.’
    • ‘He advocated enemas, emetics, purgatives and sneezing powders.’
    • ‘Castor Oil Plant, while the plant is poisonous, the expressed thick, viscid oil is used as a powerful laxative and purgative.’
    • ‘Purgatives should be taken on an empty stomach.’
    • ‘In India, Nigella seeds are combined with various purgatives to allay gripping and colic and also help kill and expel parasites.’
    • ‘Mercury, a purgative to clean the system, and quinine, to treat fever, can cause malaria and typhus sufferers to have symptoms that mimic typhoid and dysentery.’
    • ‘Napoleon had been treated for a long time with tartar emetics, and the day he died he had been given a huge dose of calomer as a purgative.’
    • ‘In one year, Louis XIII received 215 doses of purgatives, 212 enemas and 47 bleedings!’
    • ‘Hippocrates attributed ‘hysteria’ to a woman's uterus, and blamed ‘melancholia’ on black bile, which he attempted to treat with purgatives.’
    • ‘He rejected other common medical practices of his day such as purgatives and emetics with opium and mercury-based calomel.’
    • ‘Among the more traditional remedies for plague fever were the various organic purgatives, including phlebotomy, diaphoretics, diuretics, emetics, and laxatives.’
    • ‘Still, many people, obsessed with their bowels, continue to swell the profits of pharmacists and pharmaceutical companies by consuming purgatives regularly.’
    • ‘Emphasizing elimination through the overuse of purgatives in an already deficient individual can further deplete the body's store of minerals and essential B vitamins as well as imbalance beneficial intestinal micro-organisms.’
    • ‘Medicinal rhubarbs, as a purgative, are among the most important drug plants of all time.’
    • ‘Its low-calorie and high calcium content, and supposed medicinal benefits as a purgative, have brought a new generation of eaters.’
    • ‘It is considered a purgative, or a drink to help digestion.’
    • ‘Rush had given Lewis a list of rules for preserving health, which included prescription of purgatives.’
    • ‘His mother then confessed to inducing the colitis with purgatives and twice giving him salt solutions nasogastrically.’
    • ‘Triphala is widely regarded as a purgative and laxative but in fact it is considered a rasayana and rejuvenator.’
    laxative, enema, aperient, lenitive, cathartic, evacuant
    purge
    eccoprotic
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A thing that rids one of unwanted feelings or memories:
      ‘confrontation would be a purgative’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French purgatif, -ive, from late Latin purgativus, from purgat- purified, from the verb purgare (see purge).

Pronunciation

purgative

/ˈpəːɡətɪv/