Main definitions of pupil in English

: pupil1pupil2

pupil1

Pronunciation: /ˈpjuːpɪl//ˈpjuːp(ə)l/

noun

  • 1A person who is taught by another, especially a schoolchild or student in relation to a teacher.

    ‘they are former pupils of the school’
    ‘will you take me on as your pupil?’
    • ‘Both teachers and pupils are looking forward to the new school term and all its challenges.’
    • ‘Teachers are seen by pupils not to teach but as a way they can justify themselves at the next inspection.’
    • ‘The teachers also taught the pupils to sing one or two songs in a different language.’
    • ‘One in every five secondary school pupils plays truant, according to Whitehall.’
    • ‘Reports of abuse by gangs of students on both fellow pupils and teachers occur daily.’
    • ‘The relation of master and apprentice was very close, not at all like the relation of pupil and teacher today.’
    • ‘A good third of Hartman's helpers were high school pupils and university students.’
    • ‘Over a quarter of all secondary school pupils in Rochdale played truant last year.’
    • ‘I have been in academic life now, pupil, student and teacher, for over half a century.’
    • ‘Her killing has shocked teachers and pupils at her old school Southlands High, in the town.’
    • ‘Many students and school pupils returned home due to their teachers being on strike.’
    • ‘A school is teaching pupils the importance of hand washing following an outbreak of ringworm.’
    • ‘Former pupils and teachers joined together to mark the closure of a school.’
    • ‘He told delegates the primary school pupil had attacked four teachers.’
    • ‘In the second school, pupils were taught in bare rooms at the top of a narrow, stone staircase.’
    • ‘A former sixth form pupil at Ulverston Victoria High School is returning as head teacher in September.’
    • ‘Lancaster University is offering dozens of school pupils a taste of student life this summer.’
    • ‘It also has four primary schools and one high school, meaning good pupil to teacher ratios.’
    • ‘The individual schools, pupils and teachers involved are not identified in the programme.’
    • ‘When I teach school pupils I make sure they have fun as well as know basic co-ordinated moves.’
    student, schoolchild, schoolboy, schoolgirl, scholar
    disciple, follower, learner, student, protégé, apprentice, trainee, mentee, probationer, novice, recruit, beginner, tyro, neophyte
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1British A trainee barrister.
      • ‘If a person is a pupil working for a barrister, he or she is a danger to shipping.’
      • ‘Indeed, it is open to a pupil master to refuse to certify that a pupil has completed pupillage satisfactorily.’
      • ‘He could not see what happened to pupils who stood behind the appellant's desk.’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘orphan, ward’): from Old French pupille, from Latin pupillus (diminutive of pupus boy) and pupilla (diminutive of pupa girl).

Pronunciation:

pupil

/ˈpjuːpɪl//ˈpjuːp(ə)l/

Main definitions of pupil in English

: pupil1pupil2

pupil2

Pronunciation: /ˈpjuːpɪl//ˈpjuːp(ə)l/

noun

  • The dark circular opening in the centre of the iris of the eye, which varies in size to regulate the amount of light reaching the retina.

    • ‘He says he has been prescribed pills which reduce the blurring by reducing the size of his pupil but he says he cannot drive at night now.’
    • ‘The cornea is hazy because of oedema, and the pupil is semidilated and fixed to light.’
    • ‘If the pupil is not dilated, the inflamed iris will stick to the lens, which can lead to scarring.’
    • ‘Perhaps I did not observe closely enough the reaction of his pupils to light and accommodation.’
    • ‘Muscles controlling the iris change the size of the pupil according to light conditions.’
    • ‘Her pupils responded by dilating to a bright light.’
    • ‘It varies the size of the pupil and the thickness of the lens of the eyes to adjust for brightness and for distance.’
    • ‘If the glint appears right in the centre of the pupil then it means the person is making eye contact.’
    • ‘The pupil shrinks with age, allowing smaller amounts of light to filter into the eye to assist with vision.’
    • ‘Look at the eyes again, concentrating on the light reflex in the iris and pupil.’
    • ‘It was not necessary for us to agonise over the state of the retina or retinal vessels through a small undilated pupil.’
    • ‘It is held to the eyes and uses a green flashing light to scan the pupils.’
    • ‘The procedure involved displacing the lens from the pupil into the vitreous cavity.’
    • ‘The pupils should be dilated and the fundus examined in a darkened room.’
    • ‘Staff in eye clinics often warn people whose pupils have been dilated not to drive home.’
    • ‘Calmly I went in and looked in the mirror only to find that my left pupil was grossly dilated, the right one being normal and reacting.’
    • ‘The cornea is the clear part of the outer layer of the eye that covers the iris and the pupil.’
    • ‘His pupils were dilated, and there was mild local swelling at the bite site.’
    • ‘The tests will dilate the pupils and make it impossible to drive or do close work for several hours afterwards.’
    • ‘The pupils do not change size when a bright light is projected into them.’

Origin

Late Middle English: from Old French pupille or Latin pupilla, diminutive of pupa doll (so named from the tiny reflected images visible in the eye).

Pronunciation:

pupil

/ˈpjuːpɪl//ˈpjuːp(ə)l/