Main definitions of pump in English

: pump1pump2

pump1

noun

  • 1A mechanical device using suction or pressure to raise or move liquids, compress gases, or force air into inflatable objects such as tyres.

    ‘a petrol pump’
    • ‘The naturally occurring well is renowned for the purity of its water, which is drawn with the aid of a mechanical pump.’
    • ‘Functioning basically like a pump, it compresses the refrigerant and provides pressure to force it around the rest of the cooling system.’
    • ‘For the other hydraulically operated functions, the pressure is generated by a mechanical pump.’
    • ‘Potential examples include switches in optical communication devices and pumps that move solutions though minuscule channels for mixing and analysis.’
    • ‘The drug is usually administered daily via a mechanical pump that pumps the drug underneath the skin while the child is sleeping.’
    • ‘Dual hydraulic pumps evenly raise and lower the platform at a rate of 8 feet per minute.’
    • ‘Antiembolism stockings and pneumatic compression device pumps are placed on the patient's lower extremities and are used when the patient is in the hospital.’
    • ‘The device is a mechanical pump that can take over the function of either the left or right chamber in the heart.’
    • ‘Mechanical pumps can produce vacuums to the medium pressure level.’
    • ‘Over 100 stations were forced to close after activists cut power to the petrol pumps and tied petrol pump nozzles together.’
    • ‘This pump is operated by aligning the rear cycle wheel with the mechanical pump wherein a rotor is provided for revolving the cycle wheel.’
    • ‘One of these devices is the insulin pump, a mechanical device that can be programmed to deliver insulin more like the pancreas does.’
    • ‘Manufacturers are boosting hydraulic flows by adding pumps and increasing pressures.’
    • ‘If the energy is transferred to the fluid, thereby increasing its pressure, the devices are called pumps, fans, or compressors.’
    • ‘Since they are powered entirely by hydraulic pumps, there is no mechanical transmission.’
    • ‘In such an event the person concerned can be kept alive only by continuous artificial respiration by a mechanical pump.’
    • ‘Once the vehicle is started the electric pump will level it and the mechanical pump will take over once the vehicle is moving.’
    • ‘But crews armed with high pressure pumps move in today to remove the pigeons' deposits.’
    • ‘Because they are mechanical systems, pumps with electrical connections should be checked at least once a year.’
    • ‘The equipment is pushed to the limits of its hydraulic pistons and pumps as it moves heavy materials out of trenches into dump beds or across grades.’
    1. 1.1[in singular]An instance of moving something by or as if by a pump.
      ‘the pump of blood to her heart’
      • ‘My chest and triceps were toast and the pump of blood into the muscles was immense to say the least.’
      • ‘His pulse was weak and feverish, more like a shiver than the pump of his life's blood.’
      • ‘This may be followed by another set of 10 reps for a final pump of nourishing blood.’
  • 2Physiology
    [with modifier] An active transport mechanism in living cells by which specific ions are moved through the cell membrane against a concentration gradient.

    ‘the bacterium's sodium pump’
    • ‘All cells have sodium pumps in their membranes; these consume energy by hydrolysing adenosine triphosphate.’
    • ‘Mechanisms of failure of calf muscle pump and venous hypertenion.’
    • ‘In certain disease states, the capacity of membrane pumps to maintain normal concentration gradients may be compromised.’
    • ‘In sufficient quantities, it can cause permanent damage to the cells' noradrenaline reuptake pump.’
    • ‘The later hyperpolarization results from stimulation of the plasma membrane proton pump due to the cytosolic acidification associated with the activity of the nitrate transporter.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1[with adverbial of direction] Force (liquid, gas, etc.) to move by or as if by means of a pump.

    ‘the blood is pumped around the body’
    • ‘He was pumping gas at a Sunoco station in Manassas, Virginia.’
    • ‘I hate pumping my own gas and I hate checking the oil and water.’
    • ‘If we were to stop pumping greenhouse gases into the air, the earth would not recognize that it is able to dictate policy.’
    • ‘Already there are ads on small screens that jabber at you while you pump your gas, while you use your ATM machine and while you wait in the supermarket line.’
    • ‘The gas is pumped in at high-pressure, so it pushes down on the liquid product with a good amount of force.’
    • ‘We were trying to pump enough water away for people just to get out of their houses.’
    • ‘He came out to the car and visited through the window while he pumped my gas.’
    • ‘As anyone who has pumped gas knows, the higher the octane of fuel the higher the price.’
    • ‘The jailed men want Shell to build the gas refinery offshore because they fear that pumping unrefined gas past their homes will lead to a health and safety risk.’
    • ‘I hope people reading the book might think twice about the circumstances of the man who pumps their gas or the cashier who rings up their groceries.’
    • ‘I remember when you casually mentioned to the attendant who pumped your gas that you were moving downtown, and he started to cry.’
    • ‘He was pumping gas through the vent into my room.’
    • ‘He used the steam engine to pump water out of mines.’
    • ‘Where no cut-off switches in the boreholes exist, this results in a combination of air and water being pumped to the reservoirs.’
    • ‘He actually had a job pumping gas (with a pay rate that didn't nearly cover the cost of the average bachelor apartment) so he was staying at the homeless shelter.’
    • ‘In operation, water is pumped from the engine to the top tank, where it spreads over the tops of the tubes.’
    • ‘This is done of course to protect the life of the president; apparently the lives of ordinary Americans pumping gas or loading their groceries do not warrant the same protection.’
    • ‘In the end, the fire brigade were forced to pump water from a nearby river.’
    • ‘The Coalbrookdale Company had smelted its last iron in the area by 1821, and that year had dismantled the Resolution steam engine that pumped water up the dale to power the furnace bellows.’
    • ‘Last month an elderly Mayo couple were left homeless when fire fighters were forced to pump water from a nearby river after their house caught fire in the middle of the night.’
    force, drive, push, send, transport, raise, inject
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1[no object, with adverbial of direction]Move in spurts as though driven by a pump.
      ‘blood was pumping from a wound in his shoulder’
      • ‘The adrenaline rush took her on it's own course and she could feel the blood pumping in her ears.’
      • ‘With her adrenaline pumping, Mac rushed with all her energy and capability towards the elevator doors.’
      • ‘There's nothing like 'em for getting the blood pumping and feeling that surge of collective energy.’
      • ‘The reduced venous pressure reduces the return flow of blood into the heart, so the blood pumped out of the heart is correspondingly reduced.’
      • ‘The scene is still vivid in my memory - I was mesmerised, I could feel my heart pumping and the adrenalin flow.’
      • ‘He looked terrible, armour torn and mangled while blood pumped from numerous wounds around his body.’
      • ‘Becca and I began to climb down, our veins pumping with the adrenaline rush of not only conquering the rigging, but in a storm, to help someone, and the captain at that.’
      • ‘When Harry's turned on, his adrenaline flows and the endorphins pump, and he feels alive instead of dead.’
      • ‘Adrenaline pumped through her blood as a dizzying rush of vertigo overcame her from looking down upon the streets far below.’
      • ‘The adrenaline was circulating, surging and pumping in the heat of the moment.’
      • ‘The rush of adrenalin pumped through her veins, and Ashlyn raced toward Winnie and Rey's room.’
      • ‘He ran a hand through his hair, the rush of adrenalin still pumping though him, then he sighed.’
      • ‘I struggled then, adrenaline suddenly pumping through my already rushing blood.’
      • ‘His nerves were jumping out his system, the adrenaline pumping and flowing like mad.’
      • ‘Blood pumped out of her wounds and sluggishly oozed down her body.’
      • ‘Nice little rush to get the blood pumping and get everybody in the proper mindset of combat.’
      • ‘Shock reigned for a few seconds, then heat surged, pumped through veins, and I responded.’
      • ‘My heart rate increases, my blood pumps faster and the adrenaline begins to surge.’
      • ‘This is because your body has adjusted to the constant stream of alcohol pumping through your system.’
      • ‘But when the adrenaline is pumping to your brain, the hot, sticky blood coursing through your veins, who could resist?’
  • 2Fill (something such as a tyre or balloon) with liquid or gas using a pump.

    ‘I fetched the bike and pumped up the back tyre’
    ‘my veins had been pumped full of glucose’
    • ‘‘Standard’ bacon is pumped full of salt water during the curing process.’
    • ‘The pair arrived at the doctor's surgery and within minutes Kirsty was in an ambulance on the way to Christchurch hospital, where she was pumped full of antibiotics.’
    • ‘America is hungry… for food that is not drenched in pesticides, pumped full of antibiotics and covered with sealing wax.’
    • ‘He was still pumped full of rage but he also shocked and confused.’
    • ‘Most farmed animals are now crowded in sheds with dirty conditions and pumped full of drugs so they lead sad and unnatural lives.’
    • ‘Nevertheless, he spent the holiday period, in agony, pumped full of painkillers, playing to over 6,000 people.’
    • ‘The idea that farmed salmon are pumped full of chemicals is an urban myth.’
    • ‘Even for a devoted carnivore, you'd like to eat meat that's not been pumped full of antibiotics, steroids, and hormones.’
    • ‘Gemma had been pumped full of drugs all this time, so she needed time for her body to get back to normal.’
    • ‘I couldn't see to read it, I wouldn't have understood it anyway, I was pumped full of morphine. I just held on to it for dear life.’
    • ‘Enough generations of children have already been pumped full of these types of prejudices.’
    • ‘At times, when I was lying on my hospital bed being pumped full of chemotherapy drugs that made me as sick as a dog and caused my hair to fall out, I used to close my eyes and dream I was somewhere else.’
    • ‘The millisecond he stood up, he would be pumped full of steel.’
    • ‘I went home so pumped full of steroids that I literally went without sleep for nearly three weeks.’
    • ‘I was pumped full of steroids intravenously and was in hospital for over two weeks.’
    • ‘Glen says mass-farmed animals are pumped full of antibiotics to ward off potential diseases they may spread, due to their living in such close proximity to one another.’
    • ‘Surely they deserve more than to be pumped full of drugs, just to ensure that our overstretched military forces can continue to support the whims of politicians.’
    • ‘He seemed puffy, like he'd been pumped full of embalming fluid.’
    • ‘Hopefully it was only because of the drugs I had been pumped full of.’
    • ‘Soon I was on the table with an IV in my arm, pumped full of powerful narcotics, and ready to be probed by the ship manned by the hospital staff.’
    inflate, blow up
    View synonyms
    1. 2.1informal Shoot (bullets) into (a target)
      ‘he pumped two shots into the van's front tyre’
      • ‘As he rounded a corner, seven gunmen opened fire, pumping the car and driver full of bullet holes.’
      • ‘Handguns can pump bullets quickly and accurately, and rifles are likewise lighter, easier to use, and faster to reload.’
      • ‘And in 1995, he petrified holidaymakers by pumping a volley of bullets into the air outside a disco in the Caribbean resort of Cartagena.’
      • ‘I watched as Alexandria pumped three bullets into Rafael's chest, and I saw him go down.’
      • ‘Having cornered him and pinned him to the ground they pumped five bullets into his head at close range.’
    2. 2.2informal Very enthusiastic or excited.
      ‘the team came out really pumped up’
      • ‘The beginnings of a popular song started and everyone got even more pumped up.’
      • ‘On the plane, he told reporters he is pumped, he feels very good.’
      • ‘I jumped at the chance, and now I am really pumped about it.’
      • ‘Pumped with excitement, Fred's hands began to shake.’
      • ‘His pupils seem dilated, as if he's so pumped about his mission that he's fully transcending the here and now.’
  • 3Move vigorously up and down.

    [with object] ‘we had to pump the handle like mad’
    [no object] ‘that's superb running—look at his legs pumping’
    • ‘Then they pumped a handle on the press that squeezed the water out of the cylinder and formed tightly-packed disks.’
    • ‘He pumped the handles of slot machines and bet feverishly on the roulette wheel.’
    • ‘His rough left hand turned the handle on the pitch black pot while his right hand pumped a small bellows to encourage the fire.’
    • ‘Ju had his left hand on the dome, hair standing on end as Ernie pumped the handle like fury.’
    • ‘In the faint light we rose and sang hymns, accompanied by the organist sitting comfortably on the floor and using his right leg to pump the harmonium.’
    1. 3.1Apply and release (a brake pedal or lever) several times in quick succession, typically to prevent skidding.
      ‘the school teaches its students to brake by pumping the pedal’
      • ‘Only some feral instinct keeps you pumping the brake pedal and steering into the skid, so that you slide instead of spin.’
      • ‘I find that it helps to pump the rear brake lightly and quickly.’
      • ‘Details are still emerging, but it looks like he tried to pump his brake pedal, but instead found his accelerator pedal.’
      • ‘Emlyn held the white bowl carefully with one hand, and, using all the strength in her other, pumped the lever until water began to stream out of the hole to her right.’
      • ‘Mr. Wehrman was pumping the gas pedal, an irritated expression on his face, holding the key in the ignition.’
  • 4informal Try to elicit information from (someone) by persistent questioning.

    ‘she began to pump her friend for details’
    • ‘They asked Scott's friends to make certain calls to him and pump him for information, basically.’
    • ‘Suffice it to say that after more than an hour of pumping the poor guy like a mostly-empty keg, by the time dessert was served, I had names.’
    • ‘After they had pumped me dry of information, the CIC people let me go.’
    • ‘Charges hadn't even been filed, yet there I was stalking her street, putting on a concerned, serious face as I pumped her neighbors for tips.’
    • ‘We have pumped him for all the information he has.’
    • ‘Having never had the pleasure of eating out at Est Est Est, I pumped my good friend Alison from Edinburgh for information.’
    • ‘Or was it because Alan had been lying, and he was trying to pump her for information about it?’
    • ‘My own father was pumping me dry for information!’
    • ‘Then James wouldn't think she was pumping him for information.’
    • ‘They might try to pump him for information vital to the war effort, and that was never good.’
    • ‘He'd rather play something else but if that's what it took to pump Adam for information he'd do it.’
    • ‘Elise was playing dumb, pumping her father for information.’
    • ‘So why did he get the impression she was pumping him for information?’
    • ‘What she saw was a very clever ploy to pump her for information.’
    • ‘He was standing in the driveway talking to Chris and looking at his car, probably pumping him for information about where they were going and what they were doing.’
    • ‘The authorities didn't know at this stage of his movements overseas but they were keen to pump him for information on the prayer room, which was now under close surveillance.’
    • ‘She'd been pumping me for information about Brad all week.’
    • ‘Anyway, our tutor, who believes we are all on the simple side, favours questions with easy and obvious answers and was pumping us for information on Louis XVI.’
    • ‘Connie tried pumping her for information on what Hardwick wanted, but she evaded the questions so skillfully that Connie realized she was in a different league.’
    • ‘They'll pump him, try to get as much information out of him as possible.’
    ask, question, question intensely, question persistently, quiz, interrogate, probe, put questions to, sound out, cross-examine, catechize
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • pump someone's hand

    • Shake a person's hand vigorously.

      ‘he greeted us with delight, pumping our hands and laughing’
      • ‘‘Ellie Johansen,’ I managed to say, as he pumped my hand professionally.’
      • ‘He pumped my hand vigorously and could barely stammer out his name.’
      • ‘He was a little weightlifter looking guy who pumped my hand like he was milking it.’
      • ‘‘You keep that camera out and we're gonna have some fun boy!’ he greeted us like old friends, pumping my hand with startling vigour for an octogenarian invalid.’
      • ‘An enthusiastic supporter pumped his hand and spewed out some of his own conclusions.’
      • ‘He pumped my hand vigorously, his devilish eyes radiating excitement.’
      • ‘The boy answered as he pumped his hand energetically.’
      • ‘The man beams, then reaches out and pumps my hand enthusiastically.’
      • ‘Trying desperately to make her way toward Gil, she found herself surrounded by well-wishers who touched her, congratulated her, thanked her, and pumped her hand until she thought her arm would fall off.’
      • ‘The Marine kept pumping his hand, saying, ‘You're lucky to have that one - she can take care of herself!’’
  • pump iron

    • informal Exercise with weights.

      ‘she spent her time jogging and pumping iron’
      • ‘For today's media-literate, sophisticated children, pumping iron on a futuristic bench press is clearly more appealing than crouching in a draughty hall pretending to be a little acorn.’
      • ‘While he pumps iron to improve his physique, Woods is a renowned couch potato, who likes nothing better than to lounge about with the remote control at his fingertips.’
      • ‘Interestingly, fitness exercise this time was not confined to pumping iron inside the gym.’
      • ‘I do regular workouts including cardiovascular exercise and pumping iron.’
      • ‘Keith began pumping iron in high school and has continued to hit the weights even at his current heights of success.’
      • ‘Living in the city now, he goes to a gymnasium and pumps iron every morning.’
      • ‘She's sweated it out in a gym stuffed with infomercial gizmos while traveling in Morocco, pumped iron on homemade weight training equipment in Zimbabwe and run up and down more than her fair share of crumbling motel basement stairways.’
      • ‘But it wasn't just the young and happening who gave up breakfast for pumping iron followed by a decaf, unsweetened cup of coffee with a dash of soya milk, the health wave affected everyone from teenagers to people in their sixties.’
      • ‘I changed positions, and they had me in the weight room every day, pumping iron and drinking this nutrient to gain weight.’
      • ‘I don't believe in lifting weights, or pumping iron.’
  • under the pump

    • Under pressure to do something.

      ‘they kept their composure well when we were under the pump’
      • ‘We'd been under the pump for so long we forget how to enjoy the game.’
      • ‘The controversial major sporting event again finds itself under the pump.’
      • ‘We certainly put them under the pump and in the end we just weren't quite up to it.’
      • ‘Any local sport that isn't offering the kind of pizzazz or whiz bang marketing that is creating fresh and dynamic new sporting heroes is under the pump.’
      • ‘The most fundamental basic of the game at the highest level is that instinctive ability to make the right choice when you are under the pump.’
      • ‘By any count the brothers are under the pump as current difficulties are used to rationalize again.’
      • ‘He will also undoubtedly have the support of a coach by his side who himself is under the pump.’
      • ‘I was under the pump a little bit to get myself ready in the last couple of weeks with some back tightness.’
      • ‘To date they haven't shown any of that when they've been under the pump, and I think that's the time for a true team to really lift and turn things around.’
      • ‘There are plenty of other senior executives inside the bank who should be under the pump.’

Phrasal Verbs

  • pump something in/into

    • Invest a large sum of money in (something)

      ‘he pumped all his savings into building the boat’
      • ‘One day, a lobbyist will get enough money and pump enough money into somebody's campaign, and that will be that.’
      • ‘The road network cannot cope with increasing traffic, no matter how much money is pumped in.’
      • ‘US corporations are not pumping their money into hiring full-time employees who earn a livable wage, receive health care benefits and get defined retirement pensions.’
      • ‘Bradford Council will not pump any money into Bradford City Football’
      • ‘Such an upbeat prediction will be warmly welcomed by home owners across Scotland as many have shied away from investing in the stock market and opted instead to pump their savings into property.’
      • ‘The bulk of the money will be pumped into restoring the village's Glebe garden, but cash will also be dished out to pay for hanging baskets and other floral projects.’
      • ‘However much money is pumped into building stadiums, employing professional administrators and coaches, the collapses will continue unless domestic tournaments are properly organized and games played on the best pitches.’
      • ‘There should be no excuse for failure because colossal sums of money and other resources have been pumped into the Authority.’
      • ‘The site was owned by Waterford City Council, which will pump the money back into urban renewal programmes in the city, making it an even more attractive investment location.’
      • ‘The Government is setting totally unrealistic targets and not pumping the money in.’
      • ‘I'm guessing it means someone's going to pump a little money into the operation, maybe putting out a few more issues, trying to promote a brand-name that can be exploited for movies or videogames or other venues.’
      • ‘I asked Chief Bernard, because I'd heard some residents express concern about how much money had been pumped into the Centre.’
      • ‘Probably three times as much money was pumped into the venture industry than should have been.’
      • ‘Several foreign fund managers said they were taking profits in Singapore and pumping the money into markets that had been lagging behind, such as Malaysia.’
      • ‘But the figures were immediately seized upon by critics of the service as unexceptional given how much money has been pumped into the venture.’
      • ‘As more and more parents put their kids in private school or homeschool them, the government will have an even bigger excuse to pump less money into the beleaguered public school system.’
      • ‘It's envisaged the additional money will be pumped into better health and education programmes, with special priority for the HIV aids crisis in Africa.’
      • ‘Addressing a meeting of the Coalfield Communities Campaign at the Labour conference, Mr Wilson defended his decision to pump enough money into the struggling pit in order to help to find a new owner.’
      • ‘The Kennedy never has completely recovered, although, unlike The Boat, its owner eventually did pump some money into it.’
      • ‘The only problem with this scenario is that unless someone pumps some money into the company soon, it will simply run out of cash and have to cease trading.’
  • pump something out

    • Produce or emit something in large quantities or amounts.

      ‘carnival bands pumping out music’
      • ‘I haven't heard any of their post-major label work, but it appears they were pumping it out in spades until recently.’
      • ‘And the studios really want to seize on that momentum and pump those DVDs out as fast as they can when they're still in the forefront of people's minds.’
      • ‘And I kind of - after a while, I mean, I did 14 movies in six years, which is more than two a year, and just kind of pumping them out.’
      • ‘A generation ago, cheap daytime soaps were pumped out to fill the gaps between ads for domestic cleaning products and provide some moving wallpaper for tranquillised housewives.’
      • ‘Other potters move on to vases, abstract sculptures, maybe even attempt a bust, but Ron just stays the course pumping out ashtray after ashtray.’
      • ‘People like to hear stuff that sounds familiar to them and the North American music industry loves to keep pumping it out.’
      • ‘That's why no matter how many love-against-all-odds-under-Nazi-occupation epics are pumped out in time for Oscar consideration, we eat 'em up, especially when they are as beautifully photographed and paced as Zelary.’
      • ‘‘Pollutants were pumped out by the dark satanic mills and we had a century and a half of that,’ he said.’
      • ‘The manufacturer, Roche, is pumping it out at full pelt, but global demand has gone berserk.’
      • ‘But a great deal of the fleeing capital was earned then and there: Exports were pumped out at a much higher rate than imports were purchased.’
  • pump something up

    • Turn up the volume of music.

      • ‘Got home, put the disk in the real stereo, pumped it up as high as it would go, and I listened to the last movement four times in a row, just to wait for the moment when That Melody rolled out.’
      • ‘Seems that the music is pumped up so loudly in the mix than it drowns out everything, and since this is a movie where people speak way too softly, lots of dialogue and double crossing plot machinations are missed.’
      • ‘He never even steps into the mela but instead parks his motor at the entrance and pumps the music up loud.’
      • ‘Yet somehow the movie does have fans, and, bless them, at least they can pump the music up with this release.’

Origin

Late Middle English (originally in nautical use): related to Dutch pomp ship's pump (earlier in the sense wooden or metal conduit), probably partly of imitative origin.

Pronunciation:

pump

/pʌmp/

Main definitions of pump in English

: pump1pump2

pump2

noun

  • 1A light shoe, in particular.

    • ‘She was wearing a blue suit and pumps and held a purse in her hand - all items that had been donated.’
    • ‘A black pump for day would complete your essential shoe looks.’
    • ‘I admit that in the last few years I have traded in the Birkenstocks for pumps.’
    • ‘There I was, just two weeks before Christmas, out shopping in no more than a light jacket, trousers and a pair of pumps.’
    • ‘When you put shoes on after walking around barefoot on a hot day, avoid enclosed shoes like sneakers or pumps that make feet perspire and swell.’
    • ‘I have trainers, pumps, sandals, flip-flops, deck shoes, boots and a few that fall into no category that I can define. I have, however, only one pair of black shoes.’
    • ‘The doctor returns a few minutes later with two pairs of second-hand shoes - one set of scuffed pumps and a pair of tasseled loafers.’
    • ‘Grace quickly slipped on the outfit and grabbed a pair of white pumps out of the multitude of shoes.’
    • ‘There is a trend towards open toes, sleek sling backs, pumps with either round or square toes and square, stocky heels.’
    • ‘We need to sit around a table with a pair of wing tips, sandals, pumps, sneakers, bare white feet, bare black feet.’
    • ‘Additionally, it mainly applied to white pumps or dress shoes.’
    • ‘Depending on the shape, style, and length of skirt, you can choose from boots, sandals, cool clogs, or classic pumps.’
    • ‘In these classes, you will learn to design and construct shoes such as pumps, sandals, oxfords, and loafers.’
    • ‘Also, some shorter pumps combine the comfort of sneakers with the look of high heels.’
    • ‘After trying on what seemed like the entire store's stock of shoes, we found a pair of dark green pumps to match the dress.’
    • ‘Then sandals of all sorts; then thongs, clogs, pumps, loafers, oxfords, baby shoes, and desert boots.’
    • ‘There are all sorts of pumps on offer this spring and these Pop Art ones from Office combine classic pump action with a bit of art.’
    • ‘In 1989, the first pump was released into the market.’
    • ‘Once you learn with pumps, then work slingbacks in.’
    • ‘Do you think I should wear the sandals or the pumps tonight?’
    1. 1.1Northern English A sports shoe; a plimsoll.
      • ‘She is as guilty as the next girl, admitting to jogging in tennis pumps rather than specialist running shoes.’
      • ‘Amber ran down a side street, suddenly glad that she had worn tennis shoes instead of pumps.’
      • ‘If you buy the kids plimsolls for PE, rather than pumps, you probably live in East Yorkshire - or outside the region.’
    2. 1.2British A light shoe for dancing.
      • ‘As the troupe marches Fred down the platform, his dancing pumps dissolve into marching boots.’
      • ‘‘I've got a pair of silver dancing pumps at home,’ he said wistfully.’
      • ‘And then of course there's Billy himself, who dances until his pumps start to smoulder in a hugely likeable performance.’
      • ‘The shoes where really nice black dancing pumps that made me taller.’
    3. 1.3North American A court shoe.
      • ‘I love those late 70s babes. All glossy red lips, court pumps, kinky smiles and not a hint of plastic surgery.’
      • ‘These beautiful Christian Louboutin Two Tone Court pumps are to simply die for.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: of unknown origin.

Pronunciation:

pump

/pʌmp/