One of the mysteries of the English language finally explained.
1A dog of a dwarf breed like a bulldog with a broad flat nose and deeply wrinkled face.
- ‘Maybe my experience with bringing other dogs into the house with our first pug will help you.’
- ‘This couple was waiting to board the plane with their dog, a pug, who they had slung on the woman's chest in a baby carrier.’
- ‘Now Charles has a potential doppelgänger on this side of the Atlantic: a cute, mischievous little pug dog named Pugly.’
- ‘The pug was the Dutch national dog, and soon it became a national sensation in England.’
- ‘With such strong words, it's no wonder that the mascot on the group's website is a mischievous little pug dog who's ready to lay down the law.’
- ‘The woman goes inside and comes back with a pug dog wheezing on the end of a red leash.’
- ‘We kept a pug and a little Pomeranian and a Maltese, and gave my parents a little poodle.’
- ‘Surely a pug is no match for the loyalty of a spaniel?’
- ‘Others claim the bulldog resulted from the crosses between mastiffs and Dutch pug dogs.’
- ‘We should cherish these glimpses of her as it won't be long before she goes to ground again, squirrelling away in her Manhattan apartment or the Virginia bolt-hole she shares with two pugs and a Boston terrier.’
- ‘Elsewhere in the house a rather ugly pug dog, a Masonic symbol, is painted on a ceiling.’
- ‘As secretary of the Pugalug Club, a group almost 500 strong throughout Ontario devoted to the health and well being of the pug dog breed, I can't help but feel a need to respond to your article, ‘Good, bad and Pugly’.’
- ‘While the children were delighted by the presence of the smaller breeds like pugs and miniature pinscher, the body language of the grown-ups revealed a liking towards bigger breeds like great Danes and German shepherds.’
- ‘Raven had long, greasy mouse-brown hair and a nose like a pug.’
- ‘How did wolves transform into today's greyhounds, pugs, and Yorkies?’
- ‘The pug's miniaturized ‘bulldog’ lineaments rendered it not just fashionable in the late eighteenth century but - at a period of war with France - patriotic.’
- ‘Crossing a pug with a Pekingese, for example, could produce disastrous consequences.’
- ‘As much as they enjoy walking Jack Russells and pugs through a neighbourhood with a taste of history, they also realize that this flavour is a commodity which inflates the value of their condos.’
- ‘The girls see an ugly little dog, you know the ugly little pug dog, right?’
- ‘From the smallest pug breed to the tallest Great Dane weighing over 20 kg, there were about 35 breeds.’
2A small, slender moth which rests with its wings stretched out to the sides.
Eupithecia and other genera, family Geometridae
- ‘The tiny lime-speck pug moth is common and widespread over much of Britain.’
- ‘Green pug moth caterpillars have been found in Oxford County this month, showing that they have spread beyond their original coastal distribution.’
Mid 18th century: perhaps of Low German origin.
verbpugged, pugs, pugging[with object]
1usually as adjective puggedWork (clay) into a soft, plastic condition suitable for making bricks or pottery, without air pockets.‘bricks set in pugged clay’
- ‘If we mix a fresh batch of clay from dry materials, whether it is pugged or wedged right afterwards it is still short.’
- ‘The stiffness of the pugged clay will, of course, depend entirely upon the subsequent method of manufacture.’
- ‘He had erected ‘a more substantial building of logs, pugged with clay’.’
2usually as noun puggingPack (a space) with pug, sawdust, or other material in order to deaden sound.‘old-fashioned pugging with dry sand cannot be carried out’
- ‘The heavy (2.5kN / [m.sup.2]) roof of lead sheet pugging, membrane and oak ceiling boards, is supported by a composite truss of white American oak rafters, stainless-steel tie-rods and intermediate circular posts.’
nounPlural pugsmass noun
- ‘On either side of this wall, ‘pug’ clay was being rammed.’
- ‘The soil at Ilam is a heavy clay which is slightly acid, and is known as Ilam pug.’
Early 19th century: of unknown origin.
A boxer.‘a come-from-nowhere pug gets a shot at the heavyweight title’
- ‘Because no one outside the insular world of boxing can name one pug that he has under contract.’
- ‘Holyfield's boxing licence was removed but old pugs never seem to learn, and he wants to fight again.’
- ‘The boxer has always included a diet of pugs and lower level fighters among his opponents.’
- ‘Boxing drills aren't just for pugs anymore - they'll jump-start your fitness for mountain biking, paddling, climbing, and more.’
Mid 19th century: abbreviation of pugilist.
The footprint of an animal.as modifier ‘I saw the pug marks of the tigress in the soft earth’
- ‘I might have read a lot about the tiger, but may not be able to recognise its pug marks if I am left in a jungle.’
- ‘I saw pug marks, droppings, I even heard them roar, but for four days I did not see a single lion.’
- ‘On spotting the pug marks of a tigress and three cubs, a cub walked into the booby trap laid by officials in the Nature Park opened opposite the zoo in September 2003.’
verbpugged, pugs, pugging[with object]
Track (an animal) by its footprints.
- ‘Grazing, pugging (hoof prints left in the mud) and wallowing by buffaloes previously prevented these plants from dominating or even establishing.’
- ‘Since riparian areas are often wetter than the surrounding fields, they are most susceptible to trampling, soil compaction, and pugging.’
Mid 19th century: from Hindi pag ‘footprint’.
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