Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
The genetic material of a virus as incorporated into, and able to replicate with, the genome of a host cell.
- ‘The FeLV-induced tumors are thought to be caused, at least in part, by somatically acquired insertional mutagenesis in which the integrated provirus may activate a proto-oncogene or disrupt a tumor suppressor gene.’
- ‘Recombination requires the simultaneous infection of a cell with two different proviruses, allowing the encapsulation of one RNA transcript from each provirus into a heterozygous virion.’
- ‘Once integrated with the host's genetic material, the DNA version of the retroviral RNA is called a provirus.’
- ‘HERV-W proviruses probably entered the genome of primates before the split between Old World and New World monkeys.’
- ‘Both retrovirus-like organization and expression are typical of the functional gypsy proviruses that have inserted recently into the euchromatic DNA of some strains.’
Are you looking for a word for a foolish person? We explore twelve interesting words to describe the dunderheads in your life.
Before you run for the hills, let’s run through a list of ‘run’ expressions that are running through our minds.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.