Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
The genetic material of a virus as incorporated into, and able to replicate with, the genome of a host cell.
- ‘Once integrated with the host's genetic material, the DNA version of the retroviral RNA is called a provirus.’
- ‘Both retrovirus-like organization and expression are typical of the functional gypsy proviruses that have inserted recently into the euchromatic DNA of some strains.’
- ‘HERV-W proviruses probably entered the genome of primates before the split between Old World and New World monkeys.’
- ‘The FeLV-induced tumors are thought to be caused, at least in part, by somatically acquired insertional mutagenesis in which the integrated provirus may activate a proto-oncogene or disrupt a tumor suppressor gene.’
- ‘Recombination requires the simultaneous infection of a cell with two different proviruses, allowing the encapsulation of one RNA transcript from each provirus into a heterozygous virion.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.