Definition of protection in English:



  • 1[mass noun] The action of protecting, or the state of being protected.

    ‘the B vitamins give protection against infection’
    ‘his son was put under police protection’
    • ‘The forest trees afford them protection and shelter.’
    • ‘As an added bonus, this daily dose may provide heart disease protection.’
    • ‘The condom offers protection against infections, as well as serious sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV.’
    • ‘Family after family were thrown out on the roads for arrears of rent, a rent which in some cases had been trebled, with no provision for their protection or shelter.’
    • ‘Without termite protection, a house in the southeast is likely to get hit sometime.’
    • ‘In one incident, he hacked away at the forelocks of horses - leaving them without protection against eye infections.’
    • ‘You may be able to avoid prevailing winds by locating your deck where the house will provide some protection.’
    • ‘It's difficult to ask the person who drives you places and makes phone calls for you to call or take you to a shelter for protection from them.’
    • ‘The elves had long ago sworn protection of the royal house for future safety of its destined hero.’
    • ‘He'd been so kind, offering shelter and protection and a friendship that she wanted very, very badly.’
    • ‘It provides healthy fats that offer multiple health benefits, like heart and cancer protection.’
    • ‘Some mentioned protection from heart trouble or stroke.’
    • ‘The protection these shelters gave to the soldiers is clear to see.’
    • ‘Yes, private residences don't offer adequate protection against nuclear fallout.’
    • ‘‘The relocation of six houses to ensure its protection and preservation is a very small price to pay,’ she added.’
    • ‘We agreed and, to this day, those items are safely kept in that bomb shelter under the watchful protection of that community watch.’
    • ‘These three laws form a perfect circle of logic and protection for humans.’
    • ‘By 1937 police were to discourage applications to possess firearms for house or personal protection.’
    • ‘This strategy not only emphasized the status of the paramount chief, but it also pushed the undefended villagers to the centre for protection in the event of an attack.’
    • ‘It's best to plant them on the south side of the house to provide winter protection.’
    defence, shielding, shelter, preservation, conservation, safe keeping, safeguarding, safety, security, sanctuary, refuge, lee, immunity, insurance, indemnity
    safe keeping, care, charge, keeping, protectorship, guidance, aegis, auspices, umbrella, guardianship, support, patronage, championship, providence
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A person or thing that protects someone or something.
      ‘the castle was built as protection against the Saxons’
      [in singular] ‘a protection against the evil eye’
      • ‘Ironically, even the most dangerous stinging jellies offer shelter and protection to small fish.’
      • ‘The guns are very loud when they fire, so it's best to have some measure of protection against the noise.’
      • ‘The March 1 ritual is connected to the legends of the aura of amulets used as protection from evil eyes.’
      • ‘It uses its host as both shelter and protection from predators.’
      • ‘The birds come here because food, shelter and protection are assured here.’
      • ‘A hedgerow acts as a great foods reserve for insects and birds, protection for wildlife, shelter and feed for livestock and it can also act as a fine stock proof barrier.’
      • ‘With respect to the abduction of the Egyptian ambassador, it was quite odd to see the ambassador leaving his house with no protection.’
      • ‘The coin serves as a wish for wealth, and the blue wool or beads are additional protection from the evil eye.’
      • ‘Sage grouse depend on healthy sage grasslands, especially dense stands of brush, for shelter and protection.’
      • ‘Shelter is protection from the elements, something between me and where I am.’
      • ‘The gunmen then took control of the building and were last night using their hostages as human shields as protection against the police.’
      • ‘This wide comfort zone allows cattle to thrive under diverse climatic conditions with little or no need for shelter or protection.’
      • ‘Now they have no protection, and their houses are vulnerable to catching fire in the heat and high winds.’
      barrier, buffer, shield, screen, hedge, cushion, preventive, preventative, armour, safeguard
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2[count noun]A legal or other formal measure intended to preserve civil liberties and rights.
      ‘most Western countries provide constitutional protections for the civil and political rights of their citizens’
      • ‘It brings a lot of the workers under legal protections of U.S. labor law, which should benefit them.’
      • ‘Is minority self-government subject to constitutional protections of individual civil and political rights?’
      • ‘They will have no right to a lawyer or other constitutionally guaranteed protections.’
      • ‘They are no longer protected by even the most elementary legal protections.’
      • ‘It does give us certain legal rights, protections and responsibilities, and that seemed like the main reason to do it.’
      • ‘The idea that the state has to prove the guilt of an accused person and that we are innocent until proved guilty is a protection for all of us.’
      • ‘These procedures sound gentle but they also have the virtue of being cheap and fast, since normal legal processes and protections can be skipped.’
      • ‘But women who have been trafficked are still not guaranteed any protections under law.’
      • ‘It is normal practise to suspend many legal protections during wartime.’
      • ‘It outlines legal protections for privacy and summarises important issues relating to surveillance.’
      • ‘There will be additional protections for workers categorised as vulnerable under the Act.’
      • ‘Roommates, siblings, and other human arrangements would benefit from such legal protections as a civil union.’
      • ‘A private school may not offer the legal protections given to public school students.’
      • ‘Gay and lesbian couples are already raising children, and those children need legal and social protections.’
      • ‘There must be some advertence to the protections afforded by the Charter for trial within a reasonable time.’
      • ‘It raises questions about protections for the rights of individuals.’
      • ‘While the legal protections are mostly clear, some parts of internet libel law are still unsettled.’
      • ‘State laws providing additional protections to consumers are not affected by this new rule.’
      • ‘There is no doubt that the Parliament could so legislate, constitutional protections aside.’
      • ‘She also said the law does not violate constitutional free-speech protections.’
    3. 1.3[count noun]A document guaranteeing immunity from harm to the person specified in it.
      • ‘The bill has included a protection for vulnerable workers when a business is sold or its work is passed to a new contractor.’
      • ‘As a corollary, all Charter protections that are relevant in the criminal context must apply.’
    4. 1.4The practice of paying money to criminals so as to prevent them from attacking oneself or one's property.
      [as modifier] ‘a protection racket’
      before noun ‘protection money’
      • ‘Smuggling, bribery, protection rackets and the rise of criminal mafias are some of the common symptoms of rigidly controlled economies.’
      • ‘His organisation is motivated by money - from protection rackets and drugs.’
      • ‘As a nation of warrior nomads, they had either attacked or demanded protection money from any outsiders entering their kingdom.’
      • ‘They said they wanted protection money from the vendors.’
      • ‘Extortion, blackmail, protection money are part of the daily life of the slums.’
      • ‘The owner of the brothels subsequently alleged that the raids were mounted after he refused to pay protection money to the officers.’
      • ‘It is also interesting to note that these are reported offences and do not account for people who are being threatened on a daily basis by gangs who entice businesses for protection money.’
      • ‘True, some of the gangs transferred to other criminal activities, like protection racketeering.’
      • ‘Large profits were made from booty and ransom, and by exacting protection money from the cities.’
      • ‘The protection money and ransoms governments or insurgents extort from oil companies do not prolong the violence.’
      • ‘He also claims that one businessman on the estate was approached by the gang for protection money.’
      • ‘The town made the news 10 years ago when a local hotelier made a stand against the mafia and refused to pay protection money.’
      • ‘Next, the Mafia came and asked for protection money.’
      • ‘Rumors of brutality increased the cache of despots, augmenting their income through the collection of protection money and taxes.’
      • ‘What really bothers people is when they are required to pay protection money in an area.’
      • ‘Joe eventually makes it to a level that attracts the big protection rackets, acquires money and eventually is pitted against a big name.’
      • ‘In one school in the South of London, for example, we knew of a group of students who acted like an organized ring and were demanding protection money from other students.’
      • ‘Minor missions in the game deal with incursions on their territory by rival gangs as well as exploring the twisted mentality of protection money.’
      • ‘Right-wing paramilitary death squads operate in the region, often demanding protection money from the banana producers.’
      • ‘By paying protection money they are increasing the threat to other businesses.’
    5. 1.5Protection money paid to criminals, especially on a regular basis.
      • ‘People are forced to pay protection money and business owners often pay several groups who impose taxes on them.’
      • ‘I also know that some of these rogue elements gain businesses by threatening businessmen and demanding protection money.’
      • ‘In the 1970s and 1980s, gang culture was endemic with virtually every small business forced to pay protection money or move out.’
      • ‘At the time, some members of his Four Seas Gang wanted to muscle in on a rival gang's turf and begin extorting protection money from small businesses.’
      • ‘Taxes in turn became tribute, or protection money, paid to a local warlord to prevent lands from being pillaged.’
    6. 1.6Mountaineering The number and quality of running belays or other equipment employed to safeguard a pitch.
      ‘most European climbers drill bolts into rock rather than using removable protection’
      • ‘You heard that correct, no pitons, no chocks, no carabiners, no protection to secure the ropes in the event of a fall.’
      • ‘Perhaps a rock route using only natural features and removable protection could have been chosen.’
      • ‘It also ranks harder than any other route in the world climbed in the traditional way, where the rope is carried up by the climber and clipped into removable protection placed in the rock as they move.’
    7. 1.7archaic Used euphemistically to refer to the keeping of a mistress by her lover in a separate establishment.
      ‘she was living under his lordship's protection at Gloucester Gate’


Middle English: from Old French, from late Latin protectio(n-), from protegere cover in front (see protect).