Definition of prostaglandin in English:

prostaglandin

noun

Biochemistry
  • Any of a group of compounds with varying hormone-like effects, notably the promotion of uterine contractions. They are cyclic fatty acids:

    ‘the body's production of prostaglandins’
    • ‘This enzyme is responsible for your body's production of prostaglandins, hormone-like substances involved in inflammation and pain.’
    • ‘They block the effect of the prostaglandins that cause the contractions.’
    • ‘Aspirin blocks a group of enzymes that synthesize prostaglandins, which are hormones that assist in pain, inflammation and blood clotting.’
    • ‘It prompts the body to release chemicals called prostaglandins, which trigger uterine contractions.’
    • ‘These chemicals, which include histamine, prostaglandins and leukotrienes, have three main effects in the body.’

Origin

1930s: from prostate + gland + -in.

Pronunciation:

prostaglandin

/ˌprɒstəˈɡlandɪn/