Definition of prolapse in English:

prolapse

Pronunciation /prəˈlaps//ˈprəʊlaps/

noun

Pronunciation /prəˈlaps//ˈprəʊlaps/
  • 1A slipping forward or down of a part or organ of the body.

    ‘a rectal prolapse’
    • ‘Mechanical problems with colostomies include herniation, prolapse, and stenosis.’
    • ‘Cord prolapse and trapped fetal parts are unpredictable complications.’
    • ‘Her medical history was significant for mitral valve prolapse, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia.’
    • ‘Prolapse is sometimes evident only when he is seated.’
    • ‘Protrusion of tissue through the anus may be due to hemorrhoids, mucosal prolapse, polyps or other lesions.’
    • ‘The two groups of women were comparable at baseline and reported similar low incidence of urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse.’
    • ‘Children may have high fever, rectal prolapse and convulsions.’
    • ‘Patients with pelvic organ prolapse have three treatment options: nonsurgical approaches, surgical approaches, and observation.’
    • ‘The cord complications seen in their study were thrombosis, cord prolapse, umbilical vessel rupture, true knot, and cord encirclement with strangulation.’
    • ‘The commonest cause of true sciatica is prolapse of intervertebral discs.’
    • ‘I returned to the neurosurgeon, who did computed tomography, pronounced that the prolapse had not recurred, and told me it would take more time.’
    • ‘Sometimes people with mitral valve prolapse have symptoms, or feelings, that go along with this condition.’
    • ‘Pelvic floor exercises may limit the progression of mild prolapse and alleviate mild prolapse symptoms such as low back ache and pelvic pressure.’
    • ‘Other medical conditions commonly associated with anxiety include mitral valve prolapse, carcinoid syndrome and pheochromocytoma.’
    • ‘Videodefecography is specifically designed to evaluate evacuatory disorders such as rectal prolapse and rectocele.’
    • ‘Other causes include rectal prolapse, diarrheal states, radiation injury to the rectum and overflow fecal incontinence secondary to impaction.’
    • ‘Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and mitral valve prolapse with valvular regurgitation are associated with moderately increased risk.’
    • ‘In these cases there might be chronic bleeding, hemorrhoids, rectal prolapse and other diseases.’
    • ‘Uterine prolapse is associated with incontinence, vaginitis, cystitis and, possibly, uterine malignancy.’
    • ‘Full-thickness rectal prolapse usually requires a resection of the bowel.’
    1. 1.1 A prolapsed part or organ, especially a uterus or rectum.

verb

[no object]
Pronunciation /prəʊˈlaps/
usually as adjective prolapsed
  • (of a part or organ of the body) slip forward or down.

    ‘a prolapsed uterus’
    • ‘Polyps are visualized as pale, grapelike structures prolapsing into the nasal cavity from the middle meatus.’
    • ‘They usually arise in the cervical esophagus, near the region of the cricopharyngeus muscle, which accounts for their tendency to prolapse into the mouth and their ability to impinge on the larynx.’
    • ‘His pain is the result of a prolapsed lumbar disc and sciatica caused by an injury he received in the army, when a supply lorry reversed into him.’
    • ‘Haemorrhoids that remain prolapsed may develop thrombosis and gangrene.’
    • ‘Injury after childbirth usually involves all the pelvic floor and pelvic organ supports, although sometimes only one organ may prolapse.’
    • ‘The uterus may hurt if there are fibroid growths, the uterus is tilted or if the uterus prolapses into the vagina.’
    • ‘He discovered, however, that she had a transverse lie and a prolapsed arm.’
    • ‘He underwent surgery, which revealed a small cyst filled with yellow mucoid material and some fatty tissue prolapsing into the cyst.’
    • ‘Other portions of the vaginal vault may prolapse as well.’
    • ‘The efficacies of the tests do not relate to acute compromising events such as abruption or prolapsed umbilical cord.’
    • ‘However, right ventricular dysfunction was not always present in our series, and in patients with a right atrial thrombus, it was often seen to prolapse through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle.’
    • ‘In these circumstances, the mucosa of the rectum or anal canal or the entire thickness of the rectal wall may have prolapsed into the anal outlet.’
    • ‘Echocardiography revealed a thin, mobile mass at the level of the pulmonary valve that prolapsed through the valve during diastole.’
    • ‘Fourth degree haemorrhoids are prolapsed and incarcerated.’
    • ‘The mass protruded from the mouth on crying and then prolapsed in the oral cavity.’
    • ‘He had a slightly prolapsed anus, though that could have been symptom, not cause.’
    • ‘Occasionally, an ileostomy or colostomy can prolapse or become narrowed, so blocking the passage of faeces.’
    • ‘Internal hemorrhoids, because they start above the dentate line, are not painful even if prolapsed or thrombosed.’
    • ‘The lesion moved with the pulmonary valve and prolapsed back and forth across the valve, suggesting a cardiac tumor.’
    • ‘It strengthens energy, digestion and the respiratory system, easing fatigue, shortness of breath, loss of appetite, diarrhea and prolapsed organs.’

Origin

Mid 18th century: from Latin prolaps- ‘slipped forward’, from the verb prolabi, from pro- ‘forward, down’ + labi ‘to slip’.

Pronunciation

prolapse

Noun/prəˈlaps//ˈprəʊlaps/

prolapse

Verb/prəʊˈlaps/