Definition of prokaryote in English:

prokaryote

(also procaryote)

noun

Biology
  • A microscopic single-celled organism which has neither a distinct nucleus with a membrane nor other specialized organelles, including the bacteria and cyanobacteria.

    Compare with eukaryote
    • ‘Early fossils are all simple-celled prokaryotes such as bacteria and cyanobacteria.’
    • ‘Why are extragenic mutations evidently more common in viruses than in prokaryotes or eukaryotes?’
    • ‘In a few organisms called prokaryotes, there is no defined nucleus and the DNA is found throughout the cell.’
    • ‘These proteins are expressed by all organisms ranging from prokaryotes to higher eukaryotes, including human cells.’
    • ‘The difference between eukaryotes and prokaryotes is that eukaryotes have a nucleus, while prokaryotes do not.’

Origin

1960s: from pro- ‘before’ + Greek karuon nut, kernel + -ote as in zygote.

Pronunciation:

prokaryote

/prəʊˈkarɪɒt//prəʊˈkarɪəʊt/