Definition of project in English:

project

noun

  • 1An individual or collaborative enterprise that is carefully planned to achieve a particular aim.

    ‘a research project’
    ‘a project to build a new power station’
    • ‘Japan supports a broad range of carefully planned projects, including mine-clearing, both for security and to provide jobs.’
    • ‘The internal resources of our commercial ports are not sufficient in general to fund large-scale infrastructure projects.’
    • ‘Other collaborative international projects have been less successful.’
    • ‘A group of professionals plans to launch an ambitious training project aimed at disadvantaged and disabled people.’
    • ‘His Holiness, however, with energy and determination, guided the project to fruition.’
    • ‘For decades, only small-scale pilot projects have been funded.’
    • ‘Asylum seekers in Swindon have completed a unique project aimed at helping them teach sport to children.’
    • ‘He initiated large-scale development projects, mainly with money borrowed from other countries.’
    • ‘I hope she finds herself in more worthwhile projects in the future.’
    • ‘The income from poster sales will be used for the ongoing environmental projects in the areas around the lagoon.’
    • ‘To address this concern the IRS launched a pilot project for the 2003 tax year.’
    • ‘Contract Chemicals undertook a collaborative research project with York University to develop a new range of environmentally-friendly catalysts.’
    • ‘Pearson and Neyman agreed to undertake a joint research project in June 1926, just before Neyman left for Paris.’
    • ‘Many thanks indeed to the people who have brought this project to fruition.’
    • ‘Only greed or mismanagement can mar this worthwhile project now.’
    • ‘In the meantime, it is not possible to say when individual projects will proceed to tender and construction.’
    • ‘While seeking to collaborate together in individual projects where appropriate, there are no plans for other church departments to combine.’
    • ‘Major infrastructural development projects are funded by the compact and by international aid.’
    • ‘The pre-production team works on several exciting projects for clients, besides in-house productions.’
    • ‘The project is one of the first collaborative projects to be carried out with foreign partners in the Western Balkans since the end of conflict.’
    enterprise, venture, campaign, scheme, plan, operation, endeavour, effort, task, assignment, charge, activity, pursuit, exploit, job, business, affair, procedure, proceeding, process, transaction
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1A piece of research work undertaken by a school or college student.
      ‘a history project’
      • ‘Current on-going projects include studying light interaction with skin and light interaction with the human eye.’
      • ‘Each semester my students were assigned projects in which they had to research and interview someone from another culture.’
      • ‘The ants are a school project in which the students hope to learn how low gravity may affect the ants' behavior.’
      • ‘They also shared ways to develop exit and alumni surveys and to evaluate student research projects.’
      • ‘Glenn Williams suggested using multi-media projects made by college students and other artists to tell the story, as well.’
      • ‘One of the projects under-taken by the students was to publish and illustrate a book of poetry with a peace theme.’
      • ‘He is an adviser for the Dairy Science Club and has been a mentor for many undergraduate and high school students working on research projects.’
      • ‘When entering a science fair, you can choose either to do a team project or an individual project.’
      • ‘I have seen students alter research projects to avoid IRB contact.’
      • ‘I have also often thought of them as possible research projects for students.’
      • ‘Also, student research projects in particular courses have been described.’
      • ‘A couple of weeks ago your diarist was interviewed by pupils at a Lincolnshire school undertaking a history project.’
      • ‘Many students in high schools and colleges access the Net for inputs and use them in their school and college projects.’
      • ‘Availability of stipends may improve recruitment of students to conduct research projects.’
      • ‘It will mark an excellent starting point for student research projects.’
      • ‘Offshoots of timber, clothing, stained glass, old Christmas cards and CDs all featured in the projects undertaken by the students.’
      • ‘The service detects plagiarism by comparing students' assignments and projects to sources on the Internet and in its database.’
      • ‘The third and sixth years will be working on their school projects and parents and students will see them in action.’
      • ‘During the first 3 years, she helped them build a laboratory and plan research projects.’
      • ‘I wrote this page due to the high number of email requests I have been receiving regarding helping students with school projects.’
    2. 1.2A proposed or planned undertaking.
      ‘the novel undermines its own stated project of telling a story’
      • ‘I had to launch my own campaign to get the project off the ground.’
      • ‘Create a spreadsheet of the costs involved in getting your project off the ground.’
      • ‘Many of the projects remain exactly that: projects, plans, proposals.’
      • ‘We do work with outstanding, prize-winning authors, and we do propose projects to them.’
      • ‘Of course, he also needed funding to get the project off the ground.’
  • 2North American A government-subsidized housing development with relatively low rents.

    ‘her family still lives in the projects’
    • ‘Tanya has done well in school and has become involved in the politics of her low-income housing project.’
    • ‘The DISIP no longer visit his house, nor do they break up public meetings at the housing project as they did in the past.’
    • ‘The final visit of the day will be to Kettlewell when the Prince will meet residents of a housing project in Cam Garth.’
    • ‘I grew up in a public housing project in Hartford, Connecticut.’
    • ‘The housing project consists of 56 one-bedroom and 14 two-bedroom apartments.’
    • ‘The rubble had come from a housing project in Lambourn.’
    • ‘Eddie, who lives in a nearby housing project, now brings his kids here all the time.’
    • ‘The 20-year-old synagogue, located in the middle of a housing project, was gutted.’
    • ‘If the geese arrived in time, the housing project would be blocked.’
    • ‘Questions were raised over the allocation of a council housing project to an outside body at last week's Carlow town council meeting.’
    • ‘She lives in a cottage on an unfinished housing project.’
    • ‘He grew up in Indianapolis, Indiana, in a segregated housing project.’
    • ‘The Ministry of Housing has started two new housing projects in my area.’
    • ‘The candidate has since quit the city council, though he still lives in the housing project.’
    • ‘French police teams removed the chemicals from a public housing project in the suburb La Courneuve after the arrests, the report said.’
    • ‘Graves in a disused Highworth burial ground could be moved to make way for a sheltered housing project.’
    • ‘Occasionally, she recognized a few of the parolees who came into the office because they'd grown up in the same housing project.’
    • ‘The housing project has a police substation and is heavily patrolled, and the adjoining university has its own police force.’
    • ‘There he will meet residents of a local housing project situated at Cam Garth which brings affordable rural housing to people living and working locally.’
    • ‘We lived in the government housing project, and the whole first year we were home we made less than $300 altogether.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Estimate or forecast (something) on the basis of present trends.

    ‘spending was projected at £72,900 million’
    • ‘He said that real GDP was projected at just over six per cent in 2004, because of the continued strong performance of the energy sector.’
    • ‘Turnover per bar for the first year is projected at €150,000 to €200,000.’
    • ‘Growth was now projected to hit 8.5 percent this year.’
    • ‘The current account deficit is projected at 7.6 per cent and 6.9 per cent, respectively.’
    • ‘The 2002 executive budget revenue is projected at more than 6.9 billion leva, and spending at more than 7.5 billion leva.’
    • ‘Advertising budget was projected at just under $3 million, although the company declined to disclose actual figures.’
    • ‘On the basis of such verification we selected a trend model and projected the forecast results at the World Championships to be held in Birmingham in the October 1999.’
    • ‘At that time, it was projected at $150 million and a build-out date of 2011.’
    • ‘GDP growth is projected at 5.3 per cent at the end of 2004.’
    • ‘The airline's passengers were also projected to rise to about eight million from seven million in 2003.’
    • ‘Total cost savings are projected to reach £100m by the end of 2007.’
    • ‘Oil revenue is projected at $18.1b, compared with $11.1b last year.’
    • ‘Overall investment return over five years is projected at five times the capital invested.’
    • ‘Next year, the deficit is projected to decline to 1.2 percent of GDP.’
    • ‘The current budget's deficit is projected at 54.32 trillion rupiah.’
    • ‘Wireless services revenue is projected to grow at a 10.4 % annual compound rate through 2008.’
    • ‘Dividend growth was projected at four percent per year, in line with its long-term trend.’
    • ‘Attendance is projected at 5.6 million in the park's first year of operation, rising to 10 million after about 15 years.’
    • ‘Annual tax revenues are projected at 60 million leva, including 15 million leva in real estate tax.’
    • ‘The after-tax payback period is projected at almost two years.’
    forecast, predict, estimate, calculate, gauge, reckon, expect, extrapolate
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1Plan (a scheme or undertaking)
      ‘a projected exhibition of contemporary art’
      • ‘People have to have some faith in what is being projected out into the future.’
      • ‘While it did take longer than initially projected, the whole undertaking was completed well under budget.’
      • ‘For many area organizations, this downturn in funding has meant they have had to reline and retool plans and projects they had projected for themselves.’
      • ‘The projected move would more than triple the capacity of the Drawing Center from its current 10,000 square feet.’
      • ‘Thus, it is not surprising that McDyer's strategies began to bring results, and, after Lemass was elected in the late 1950s, McDyer projected many more schemes.’
      • ‘The Kemp Town development was completed by Thomas Cubitt, though even then only half of what Kemp had projected was built.’
      • ‘Not even this was seriously proposed or projected.’
  • 2[no object] Extend outwards beyond something else; protrude.

    ‘I noticed a slip of paper projecting from the book’
    ‘a projecting bay window’
    • ‘Ladies are reminded that the regulation prohibiting unprotected hat pins projecting from hats will be rigidly enforced.’
    • ‘That plan called for an 11-story structure that would have projected out over the Breuer building.’
    • ‘These effects are produced by fibres projecting from the hypothalamus to parasympathetic nuclei in the brain stem, and to sympathetic centres in the spinal cord.’
    • ‘A spigot projecting from the otherwise cylindrical charge would have been used to locate it accurately on the catapult.’
    • ‘One key component is the alcohol tester, which includes a tube projecting from the instrument panel, a separate sniffing device and an ignition interlock.’
    • ‘The steam escaped from the sphere from one or more bent tubes projecting from its equator, causing the sphere to revolve.’
    • ‘A prominent feature of the head of every specimen is a pair of strange rods, the occipital lamellae, projecting from the back of the cranium alongside the vertebrae.’
    • ‘It is understood that the vehicle skidded after avoiding a car involved in another accident, mounted the verge and became impaled on a pole projecting from a crash barrier.’
    • ‘A larval damselfly abdomen is longer and narrower with three fin-like gills projecting from the end.’
    • ‘The support has a width matching the length of the opening of the base and one end provided with pins projecting from both sides thereof.’
    • ‘On the outside of the bay, submerged ridges and pinnacles projecting from the sunken part of the crater rim approach the surface.’
    • ‘At every turn in the road she saw an arsenal of spears projecting from the bushes on either side.’
    • ‘The dramatic hollow cone projecting from the front of the headdress is understood as a beehive.’
    • ‘Particular risks here are girders projecting from broken wreckage.’
    • ‘Typically the macaroni fork had five or more tines projecting from the end of the bowl.’
    • ‘The wooden chalets reminded us of the houses in Himachali villages with the upper floors projecting beyond the ground-level ones.’
    • ‘They were in a high-ceilinged room, the walls covered in carved wooden panels with a number of marble busts set on shelves projecting from them.’
    • ‘With the passage now comfortable walking size, almost square in cross section, I found a rock projecting from the wall that would be our final station.’
    • ‘They project laterally, ending in sharp points.’
    • ‘The structure would have projected 36m into the lake and then turned 90 degrees and run for 70m parallel to the lakeshore.’
    sticking out, protuberant, protruding, prominent, jutting, jutting out, overhanging, standing out, proud, bulging, bulbous
    obtrusive, extrusive
    protrusive, protrudent, excrescent, exsertile
    stick out, jut out, jut, protrude, extend, stand out, hang over, overhang, bulge out, poke out, lap over, ride over, thrust out, obtrude, cantilever
    View synonyms
  • 3 Throw or cause to move forward or outward.

    ‘seeds are projected from the tree’
    • ‘Its head is broad and blunt and it has a largish mouth which, because of a series of joints, can be projected forward instantly like a telescopic tube.’
    • ‘As is the case with North American porcupines, the quills are loosely attached but can't be thrown or otherwise projected.’
    • ‘If somehow projected into the future, Kate would never believe what she saw.’
    • ‘This creates a large round opening which projects forward and sucks food items into the mouth.’
    • ‘Projectiles are any items that can be thrown or projected into the face or path of an assailant to distract him, make him flinch, or to affect his eyesight momentarily.’
    • ‘Entrance to the station is by way of a single open arch, which is projected forward through the booking hall into a subway and four staircases leading to two island platforms.’
    • ‘Now he had been projected forward into the almost daylight of the actual shop.’
    throw, cast, fling, hurl, toss, lob, launch, discharge, propel, shoot
    View synonyms
    1. 3.1Cause (light, shadow, or an image) to fall on a surface.
      ‘the one light projected shadows on the wall’
      • ‘For this he digitally projected all the chapters simultaneously onto a circular screen suspended in the air.’
      • ‘The image was projected on a large screen behind him.’
      • ‘He hit a small button on the wall and a light turned on, projecting an image in the center of the room.’
      • ‘I projected on the building's domed theater the image of a man with his hands clasped behind his head - the position taken during an arrest and search.’
      • ‘The programme uses old TV footage projected onto famous buildings and modern scenes to give a sense of the dynamism and energy of an ever-changing city.’
      • ‘Two beams of light were projected into the sky over Paris.’
      • ‘Thousands of believers have visited the site, which many say at certain times and in certain lights projects the image of the Virgin Mary.’
      • ‘Strewn throughout the theater are large pieces of fabric on which lights and photographs are projected.’
      • ‘Depending on the position of the bracket, the image can be projected onto a surface in front of the phone or onto a wall.’
      • ‘Their pictures will be scanned, they'll be interviewed and all of that will be projected onto the exhibition in the marquee.’
      • ‘It will be able to project a light that glows in rhythm with the heartbeat of the runners.’
      • ‘Therefore, there's no ideal image projected on a screen.’
      • ‘The disc began to light up and then projected a transparent hologram of my father.’
      • ‘Then we did a panel where Scott projected said slides and I sat with a microphone to interview Julie and extract whatever recollections were evoked by each cover.’
      • ‘A light source kept behind a white screen projects the shadow of the puppets on to it.’
      • ‘The print itself I created by the ‘drawing of light’ as the image is projected and worked onto the photographic paper.’
      • ‘Unsurprisingly, the article says that people viewing films projected using the new system find that films look a lot better than when projected using the older system’
      • ‘The three images were then projected onto a screen by three separate lanterns to reproduce the full colour image.’
      • ‘Screening continued beyond midnight - projected on a wall painted white the previous night.’
      • ‘They are fettered, and can only see shadows of objects carried behind them, projected by the light of a fire onto the back wall of the cave.’
    2. 3.2Cause (a sound) to be heard at a distance.
      ‘being audible depends on your ability to project your voice’
      • ‘The name comes from the use of a horn bell to project the sound and often a horn reed cap as well.’
      • ‘Two hundred years ago, these very records reveal that flight was possible in great steel objects resembling birds and sound could be projected over thousands of miles.’
      • ‘Just as the little old man with the wrinkled face projects the Voice of Oz, it is the judge's very humanity that makes him need to hide it.’
      • ‘It does so by measuring the noise close to the vessel and then projecting into the distance.’
      • ‘The same voice from before projected itself into the room once again.’
      • ‘They pressed forward in hopes of projecting their cheers a little louder.’
      • ‘As with most period pieces set in foreign lands, everyone speaks like they are projecting from the stage front at the Old Vic.’
    3. 3.3Imagine (oneself, a situation, etc.) as having moved to a different place or time.
      ‘people may be projecting the present into the past’
      • ‘The images also revealed how time past can be fossilised and projected to the present.’
  • 4Present or promote (a particular view or image)

    ‘he strives to project an image of youth’
    • ‘This shows her success, founded on the ability to project an almost mythical femininity.’
    • ‘He has wonderful stage presence, projecting a friendly, enthusiastic and spontaneous persona.’
    • ‘Take a look at the different ways you project yourself, and try to describe them.’
    • ‘Instead of projecting a coherent alternative view, it did little more than reflect the petty fears haunting today's Quebecers.’
    • ‘The direct and simple vision she projected was that running a country was essentially no different from running a household or a shop.’
    • ‘‘I knew straight away that the view that was projected by the media, of the horror, was not necessarily going to be shared by the whole community,’ he says.’
    • ‘You can be someone else, and can project yourself as a different person.’
    • ‘So now the viewing public must also project what meaning they can think of onto the object.’
    convey, put across, put over, communicate, present, promote
    View synonyms
    1. 4.1Present (someone or something) in a particular way.
      ‘she liked to project herself more as a friend than a doctor’
      • ‘To me, one of the best faces America has ever projected is the face of a Peace Corps volunteer.’
    2. 4.2Display (an emotion or quality) in one's behaviour.
      ‘everyone would be amazed that a young girl could project such depths of emotion’
      • ‘She unconsciously projected what she was thinking, and part of him wanted to know what she was feeling.’
      • ‘One of the subliminal messages projected becomes ‘If I can endure the pain, can you?’’
    3. 4.3Attribute or transfer an emotion or desire to (another person), especially unconsciously.
      ‘men may sometimes project their own fears on to women’
      • ‘They aren't manipulating us, so much as projecting their own anxiety on to the rest of society.’
      • ‘The inkblot is known as a ‘projective’ test in that it assumes the patient will project certain ideas on to the picture that would normally be lost in defense mechanisms.’
      • ‘We project them on to the outside world, but in truth they are only reflections of our internal world.’
      • ‘Then again, maybe I'm just projecting my own political behaviour onto a wider section of the public than is justified.’
      • ‘For some reason, I'd projected such emotional and sentimental importance onto it.’
      • ‘Yesterday they projected that anxiety on to different events, and tomorrow they will move on to something else.’
      • ‘All kinds of broader fears and sympathies have been projected on to the figure of ‘the asylum seeker’.’
      • ‘There are different definitions of the term, but one of them refers to a defense mechanism in which one projects one's undesirable qualities onto someone else.’
      • ‘Unfortunately stars will always attract people who need someone to project their obsessions on to.’
  • 5Geometry
    Draw straight lines through (a given figure) to produce a corresponding figure on a surface or a line.

  • 6Make a projection of (the earth, sky, etc.) on a plane surface.

    • ‘The first was based on the fact that the Earth is a sphere, and its surface cannot be projected or transferred to the flat surface of a map without some element of distortion.’

Origin

Late Middle English (in the sense ‘preliminary design, tabulated statement’): from Latin projectum something prominent, neuter past participle of proicere throw forth, from pro- forth + jacere to throw. Early senses of the verb were ‘plan’ and ‘cause to move forward’.

Pronunciation:

project

/prəˈdʒɛkt/