Definition of prognosis in English:

prognosis

noun

  • 1The likely course of a medical condition:

    ‘the disease has a poor prognosis’
    • ‘The prognosis depends on the cause and the severity of the neurologic deficit.’
    • ‘Follow up is needed to see if the children's poor prognosis is improved and criminality prevented.’
    • ‘Advanced liver failure carries a poor prognosis, and its prevalence may be reflected by mortality statistics in the form of death certifications for liver disease.’
    • ‘Tests for autoantibodies can be used to assist in determining the prognosis of this disease.’
    • ‘The factors that determine prognosis and evolution of the disease are poorly understood.’
    • ‘The prognosis is poor for patients treated with surgery or radiation therapy alone.’
    • ‘Low-grade central osteosarcoma has a very good longterm prognosis.’
    • ‘Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients.’
    • ‘Syncope is a relatively common problem with a favorable prognosis in most patients.’
    • ‘We previously reported that young patients had relatively more advanced disease and a poorer prognosis than older patients.’
    • ‘The development of malignant pleural effusion frequently heralds a poor prognosis.’
    • ‘Microarray analysis is already being used to predict the prognosis of patients with certain types of cancer.’
    • ‘Ventricular tachycardia carries a serious adverse prognosis, particularly in the presence of coronary artery disease and impaired ventricular function.’
    • ‘Despite the availability of valid chemotherapeutic regimens, the prognosis remains poor.’
    • ‘Complications, including spontaneous bacterial peritonitis and renal insufficiency, further worsen the prognosis.’
    • ‘He suffered many medical complications and his prognosis was poor.’
    • ‘According to the doctors, her longterm prognosis is not good.’
    • ‘By reducing stress, it might improve the prognosis of the disease.’
    • ‘The presence of spinal cord lesions or atrophy also suggests a poor prognosis.’
    • ‘Early intervention is important because the long term prognosis depends on the duration of medication overuse.’
    1. 1.1 An opinion, based on medical experience, of the likely course of a medical condition:
      ‘it is very difficult to make an accurate prognosis’
      • ‘The doctors' prognosis has been supported by her recent competition results.’
      • ‘These questions are required to be answered with a medical opinion and a prognosis taking into account the plaintiff's injuries and the degree of his recovery.’
      • ‘Any mole that is suggestive of melanoma requires an excisional biopsy, primarily because prognosis and treatment are based on tumor thickness.’
      • ‘Accurate diagnosis of EES is important for establishing a prognosis and treatment planning.’
      • ‘Therefore, prognosis is often based on a presumptive or theoretical argument and/or past clinical experience.’
      • ‘Generating an accurate prognosis is a difficult task under the best of conditions.’
      • ‘Accurate diagnosis is crucial for obtaining an accurate prognosis as well as assigning appropriate treatment for the disease.’
      • ‘These conditions must be differentiated early to provide the patient with optimal treatment and accurate prognosis.’
      • ‘They seem not to appreciate that patients may want to be given as accurate a prognosis as possible despite knowing that effective treatment may not be available if more widespread disease is diagnosed.’
      • ‘We would be left with only anecdotal information on which to base prognosis and treatment for many common cancers and we would know much less about many common diseases.’
      • ‘Her parents could not accept the medical diagnosis and prognosis.’
      • ‘The difference between chance and forecast cases is only a difference of degree, but in the latter case the medical prognosis is more likely to be correct.’
      • ‘Treatment plans and prognosis also are based on the tumor's stage or extent of growth.’
      • ‘If a concussion is managed appropriately, the prognosis for complete recovery is good.’
      • ‘Traditionally, physicians have estimated prognosis using their clinical experience.’
      • ‘One-third of patients will develop renal failure, which is associated with the worst prognosis for survival.’
      • ‘It is very difficult for me to give an accurate prognosis.’
      • ‘This makes diagnosis and prognosis based on genetic abnormalities difficult for most malignancies.’
      • ‘A biopsy was done and the initial prognosis was optimistic.’
      • ‘Finally, providing an accurate prognosis to a patient is crucial in deciding how aggressive a treatment should be used.’
      opinion, judgement, verdict, pronouncement, conclusion, interpretation
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2 A forecast of the likely outcome of a situation:
      ‘gloomy prognoses about overpopulation’
      • ‘This isn't the first time Medicare has been given a gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘Markets remained skittish and nervous, always ready to believe the latest scare story or gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘The report emphasizes that the pessimistic prognoses of some critics that the initiatives would damage competitiveness have been dashed.’
      • ‘The gloomy prognosis makes some sense because office rents and vacancies are traditionally trailing indicators of the broader economy.’
      • ‘The good news is that while a gloomy prognosis for European manufacturing is unfolding, we are by no means in the initial stages of a stagflationary impulse.’
      • ‘Data collected from twenty-seven countries in the region project a gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘It is difficult to imagine executives at the Daily Mail or the Sun delivering such a gloomy prognosis - or setting such unambitious targets.’
      • ‘Of course prognoses of the future of religion are based on what you imagine to be true religion.’
      • ‘Given such gloomy prognoses, it's surprising how defiant and upbeat the small army of programmers working to bring alternative fare to their audiences seem to be.’
      • ‘The Commonwealth will not collapse today, and the prognosis, based on Vermont's experience, is good.’
      • ‘This rather gloomy prognosis has not been entirely repudiated by critics.’
      • ‘With so many matches being lost to flooding and the prognosis that the situation is likely to get worse in the short term, one answer to the problem of suitable venues for matches might be to use canals.’
      • ‘They require highly skilled workforces and have a good longterm prognosis.’
      • ‘Finally he pointed out that history provides a gloomy prognosis.’
      • ‘To date, there is also little evidence to support this more grim prognosis.’
      • ‘At the NCB event RBS stressed that it did not accept the gloomy prognosis for the Irish economy that is prevalent in the British media.’
      • ‘He gave the Cabinet a deeply gloomy prognosis about the effects of prolonged conflict on an already stuttering world economy.’
      forecast, prediction, projection, prognostication, prophecy
      prognostic
      View synonyms

Origin

Mid 17th century: via late Latin from Greek prognōsis, from pro- before + gignōskein know.

Pronunciation:

prognosis

/prɒɡˈnəʊsɪs/