Main definitions of process in English

: process1process2

process1

noun

  • 1A series of actions or steps taken in order to achieve a particular end.

    ‘military operations could jeopardize the peace process’
    • ‘So, this move has to be seen as a first step towards facilitating the process of computerisation.’
    • ‘To think about the outcome will be to neglect the process needed to achieve the end result.’
    • ‘The first commitment must be to the dialogue process and to achieve the possible.’
    • ‘Moore wanted what he got, a very public fight that he very publicly lost at every step of the process.’
    • ‘Make sure you fully understand every step of the building process and don't let jargon put you off.’
    • ‘Helping them restore physiological functions is the first step in the treatment process.’
    • ‘Metabolism is a series of chemical processes through which the body uses the nutrients in food to produce the energy it needs.’
    • ‘The first step in the strengthening process happens when the other candidates drop out.’
    • ‘This was an important step in processes seeking to further deepen our democracy.’
    • ‘He breaks every step of the process into a series of questions.’
    • ‘As is so often the case, each individual step in a decision-making process seems to be completely logical and obvious.’
    • ‘The current process is not achieving significant progress, but minor concessions calculated to win more time.’
    • ‘This would be achieved by a transparent process whereby the bills in issue would be made clear to the voters at election time.’
    • ‘Bobbitt takes the process one step further, using his analysis of the past to predict the future.’
    • ‘To provide a clearly arranged model, we kept the number of processes / steps low.’
    • ‘Gap analysis of all the business processes is the first step in any e-business project.’
    • ‘On the whole, there was a greater emphasis on starting a process than on achieving final goals.’
    • ‘Individuals, like groups and organization, resist changing established processes until those processes fail to achieve desired results.’
    • ‘Many people have lost their hope regarding this issue because no fruitful results of such processes have been achieved so far.’
    • ‘We the Palestinians believe in peace, the intifada has been an effort to achieve a peace process.’
    • ‘A second step in the overall process is to collect data relevant to the problem.’
    procedure, operation, action, activity, exercise, affair, business, job, task, undertaking, proceeding
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 A natural series of changes.
      ‘the ageing process’
      • ‘Understanding the developmental processes underlying specific compositional shifts is more difficult to do.’
      • ‘Whether it's first- or second-hand, cigarette smoke complicates the body's wound healing process at the cellular level.’
      • ‘The compounds evaporate into the air through a series of chemical processes that result in especially reflective clouds.’
      • ‘Many studies present mathematical models that describe evolutionary processes involving bacteria.’
      • ‘Byatt's heroines are victims of a culture whose value-systems are prejudiced against nature and natural processes of ageing.’
      • ‘Understanding the body's internal disease process took longer.’
      • ‘Food also provides the building blocks for the body's natural repair and maintenance processes.’
      • ‘These processes convert chemical energy (stored within the cells in the form of biomass) into electrical energy.’
      • ‘So, by creation, we mean an origin event contrary to natural processes that has been orchestrated or imposed by a greater power.’
      • ‘Darwin himself was prepared to admit that life could gradually emerge by comprehensible chemical processes from non-living precursors’
      • ‘A burning cigarette is a complex system in which many types of chemical reactions and physical processes occur in parallel.’
      • ‘Paul knew that Uncle Edward was a biochemist, and a specialist in natural processes, such as photosynthesis and cellular respiration.’
      • ‘The physical consequences to the woman of pregnancy and childbirth are, of course, natural processes.’
      • ‘Evolution is the process of change over time, over thousands and millions of years.’
      • ‘The mission will measure and help understand the chemical processes affecting the distribution of ozone in Earth's upper atmosphere.’
      • ‘A cascade is a complicated series of processes that ultimately achieves a final, cumulative effect.’
      • ‘Defoliation is, of course, a natural process and happens at the end of each growing season in the autumn.’
      • ‘IT is well understood that genetic change provides the basis for adaptation processes in natural and domesticated populations.’
    2. 1.2 A systematic series of mechanized or chemical operations that are performed in order to produce something.
      ‘the manufacturing process is relatively simple’
      • ‘Over the next couple of months Paul will be following how the production process unfolds.’
      • ‘Intel has announced a new flash memory product today, built on its 0.13-micron production process technology.’
      • ‘They are primarily products and byproducts of industrial processes, chemical manufacturing and the resulting wastes.’
      • ‘The workers represented by lawsuits may be only a small portion of those who have been harmed by such chemical processes, which continue to be widely applied in computer manufacturing.’
      • ‘The vessels could be used for harmless industrial processes or for making chemical weapons.'’
      • ‘He also studied the chemical processes involved in making glass, pottery and refractory bricks.’
      • ‘Modern photography's mechanical and chemical reproduction processes seem to be doomed to become completely obsolete.’
      • ‘Dioxin, a byproduct of chemical processes including combustion, is virtually ubiquitous in the environment.’
      • ‘Green chemistry uses cutting-edge technology to minimize the environmental impact of chemical processes, manufacturing and waste.’
      • ‘The processors will be made using Intel's 0.13 micron fabrication process.’
      • ‘Wood pulp is created by both mechanical and chemical processes designed to break down the wood fibers.’
      • ‘These plans typically included the technical and operational plans to restore business systems and processes at off-site facilities.’
      • ‘Strange to think that one day these objects will be totally obsolete, as chemical processes are slowly phased out.’
      • ‘Cargill and Dow spun off the new company to take advantage of the strategic strengths of each, namely biotechnology and advanced chemical processes.’
      • ‘Kraft Foods is likely to set the standard for process cheese innovations.’
      • ‘This is because it is concerned with increasing the efficiency of the processes by which systems are developed, manufactured, and purchased.’
      • ‘We have the systems, processes, practices and skilled staff needed to operate within this environment.’
      • ‘Compaction in sands proceeds by eliminating porosity by mechanical and chemical processes, and then by pressure dissolution.’
      • ‘In this article, we will examine the steps in the fascinating process of making wine.’
      • ‘These people performed only very simple processes of production.’
      method, procedure, system, technique, means, practice, way, approach
      View synonyms
    3. 1.3Computing An instance of a program being executed in a multitasking operating system, typically running in an environment that protects it from other processes.
      • ‘For our example, we start the two required processes on the same system.’
      • ‘The installation process took under an hour, most of which was used to install Windows.’
      • ‘The updater applications should launch automatically once the download completes to begin the firmware update process.’
      • ‘Unfortunately we locked up midway through the boot process.’
    4. 1.4Printing as modifier Relating to or denoting printing using ink in three colours (cyan, magenta, and yellow) and black to produce a complete range of colour.
      ‘process inks’
      • ‘The deal gives them the exclusive rights to sell the MetalFX silver base and special process inks around the world’
      • ‘The holder sports a gray and silver cover with four-color process printing for the back and insides.’
      • ‘He invented the process of four-colour process printing onto flexible plastics.’
  • 2Law
    A summons or writ requiring a person to appear in court.

    • ‘He successfully dodged Earthlink's process servers for several months until they caught up with him in February 2003.’
    • ‘In some jurisdictions, the writ has to be served or the process has to be served before the action is brought.’
    • ‘I am not persuaded the provinces do have the constitutional or legislative authority to serve a process commenced by summons beyond the borders of Canada.’
    • ‘The plaintiff must issue his process and must serve it on the defendant.’
    • ‘That process was served on Dow Jones in the United States under the two limbs of the Supreme Court Rules.’
    summons, writ, subpoena
    View synonyms
  • 3Anatomy Biology
    A natural appendage or outgrowth on or in an organism, such as a protuberance on a bone.

    • ‘The newly formed neuron is still immature; later it extends an axon and dendrite processes, and assumes the morphology of a mature neuron.’
    • ‘These processes of the maxilla sometimes project backward in the median plane, separating the horizontal plates from each other.’
    • ‘These anomalies are often extra appendages or processes, and are probably most often produced by injury when the exoskeleton is soft.’
    • ‘Triangular processes occurred in both bones of pairs 58 times from a total of 334 paired scapulae.’
    • ‘The spinous processes of cervical vertebrae 2, 3, 4, and 5 usually possess cleft spines.’

verb

[WITH OBJECT]
  • 1Perform a series of mechanical or chemical operations on (something) in order to change or preserve it.

    ‘the salmon is quickly processed after harvest to preserve the flavour’
    • ‘That would mean the nightmare of bad smells suffered by residents during the operation of the wool processing plant could be repeated.’
    • ‘Dozens of nations possess such a capability, which is inherent in modern chemical and food processing industries.’
    • ‘Choose oils that are unrefined and minimally processed.’
    • ‘For years, it's been assumed that bacteria enter empty feather follicles during poultry processing.’
    • ‘It is processed by a series of soakings, which remove the bitter taste, after which it can be boiled to make an edible jelly or dried and ground to a flour for bread-making.’
    • ‘The demand for soybean oil is excellent, with the product being sold as quickly as it is processed.’
    • ‘Shredded cheese products are processed on three lines (one retail and two bulk).’
    • ‘Sputum was induced, collected, and processed according to a standardized protocol.’
    • ‘The fresh tissues were routinely processed for transmission electron microscopy.’
    • ‘Beef and pork are nearly always sold natural and minimally processed.’
    • ‘He had worked for a chemicals processing company, and was also involved in sports.’
    • ‘Industries such as dairy farming and meat processing generate waste materials that are dried or minimally processed into fertilizers.’
    • ‘The group's export controls also apply to some items of chemical processing equipment.’
    • ‘With a fluid milk capacity of 32 million pounds, it processes milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, juice and drinks.’
    • ‘Blood donated to the armed services program will be processed at Lackland for worldwide distribution.’
    • ‘The tissue was processed according to a method previously used for this tissue.’
    • ‘A price list must be established for tests processed in the office laboratory.’
    • ‘Whiskey, essences, and many products from the oil refinery industry are processed via distillation.’
    • ‘These included chemicals, various processed articles, machines and equipment.’
    • ‘The lungs were pressure fixed and processed for paraffin embedding.’
    • ‘Renal biopsies were routinely processed for light, immunofluorescence, and electron microscopy.’
    1. 1.1 Deal with (someone or something) using an official procedure.
      ‘the immigration authorities who processed him’
      • ‘They processed me and ran me through every database they could use, but found nothing.’
      • ‘Manny is in a total daze as he's processed through the judicial system, handcuffed, and sent to jail.’
      • ‘Some large lenders will accept your application but delay processing it until near the end of your grace period.’
      • ‘Upon processing me, the jailer joked that I had just missed juvenile detention.’
      • ‘Aladdin thought his case for asylum was being processed by Australian immigration officials but was soon informed of his predicament.’
      • ‘It was impossible for Council officials to process that amount of work in one month.’
      • ‘The Government could have spent some money on processing the forms more quickly instead of a fancy advertising campaign.’
      • ‘He worked eight hours a day in an office processing mountains of applications from people seeking a rebate on a war tax charged on their coal.’
      • ‘I was not told why I was arrested until after I was processed: obstructing police.’
      • ‘The driver of the jeep was arrested and brought to Navan Station where he was processed under drink-driving legislation and breathalysed.’
      • ‘However, her legal situation deteriorated when she left Luxembourg before her application for asylum was processed.’
      • ‘Payments are processed quickly and securely and credit card information is not stored once the transaction is complete.’
      • ‘The authorities say they cannot process them all, so he must wait to receive them when he departs.’
      • ‘Today Bradford MP Marsha Singh condemned the delay in processing her housing application.’
      • ‘After his arrest, he was processed by the police in just eight hours, whilst less famous prisoners can spend up to 36 hours before arraignment.’
      • ‘But they denied that the application form was processed internally, saying it was sent back to her after being checked.’
      • ‘They are also processing the grants as quickly as possible at a bureaucratic level.’
      • ‘Applications for houses were processed by Mayo County Council, and the first tenants took up residence in September 2000.’
      • ‘Jai Ram Bhai is just one migration lawyer in Suva who says he's processed about 5,000 emigration applications since May last year.’
      • ‘Application forms are processed according as they are received, so early application is advisable.’
      deal with, attend to, see to, sort out, handle, take care of, action, organize, manage
      View synonyms
    2. 1.2Computing Operate on (data) by means of a program.
      • ‘The net result is that, according to researchers' current calculations data can be processed eight times faster than it is using conventional technology.’
      • ‘The data were processed using the software provided by the manufacturer.’
      • ‘You can also specify if the web page snapshots will be processed.’
      • ‘But what if the buffer contains a gigabyte of plain text to be processed?’
      • ‘The Data Protection Act requires company's maintain servers within the EU but allows that data to be processed anywhere.’
      • ‘Spam levels reached a yearly high in July, accounting for 77 per cent of all emails processed by BlackSpider.’
      • ‘The generated data may be processed through the same software used to process the real data.’
      • ‘Images may be processed or stored locally, or transmitted at a lesser rate.’
      • ‘Payment is made by credit or debit card and is processed securely online in real time.’
      • ‘The data collected will be processed by Stella, one of the most powerful supercomputers in Europe.’
      • ‘SMP is a technology that allows two threads to be simultaneously processed by the operating system.’
      • ‘This allows a signal to be transmitted to and processed by the logic circuitry indicating that a particular key has been selected.’
      • ‘Once the data was acquired it needed to be processed for reporting purposes and then stored in the data warehouse for future access.’
      • ‘A number of researchers have assumed a hierarchical model of language, in which linguistic information is processed in a series of discrete stages.’
      • ‘Within seconds, he receives an email on his Palm Pilot that the image has been processed and the data stored.’
      • ‘Today's PCs process more information faster than anything imagined in the early days of computing.’
      • ‘Organisations upload their PDF documents, which are processed and returned with the relevant accessibility features added.’
      • ‘Data is downloaded onto a server at MIT and processed using pattern recognition software.’
      • ‘Once the data have been processed through our programs to manipulate the data and to define trip ends, two steps remain.’
      • ‘Digital images of stained material can be easily processed in various image-editing programs.’

Phrases

  • be in the process of doing something

    • Be continuing with an action already started.

      ‘I was in the process of buying a house’
      • ‘Some were in the process of trying to get their schooling by correspondence or had already started in an alternative school.’
      • ‘One squad had already reached the structure and were in the process of breaking there way in.’
      • ‘The bank is in the process of installing a high end transaction processing switch for this purpose.’
      • ‘It is easy to see why she has already been the pick of several top directors and is in the process of putting together an impressive range of work.’
      • ‘It is also believed that money was in the process of being shipped to the Continent in order to be laundered.’
      • ‘This has already happened in the Sudan and is in the process of happening in Algeria.’
      • ‘We were in the process of trying to build a new business.’
      • ‘Other respondents were in the process of strategically realigning their salary structure.’
      • ‘Mr and Mrs Harley were in the process of selling their semi-detached cottage in The Street and had been storing new furniture in the spare bedroom, which caught fire.’
      • ‘I am in the process of applying for a loan to keep my practice open.’
      in the course of, in the middle of, in the midst of
      View synonyms
  • in the process

    • As an unintended part of a course of action.

      ‘she would make him pay for this, even if she killed herself in the process’
      • ‘Above it, in the process of closing up, is an establishment called the Solid Rock Cafe.’
      • ‘Someone bought me a drink on Tuesday, and they snagged a bargain in the process.’
      • ‘We are at least used now to spiralling costs, so why not keep the planet in a better condition in the process?’
      • ‘Of course, in the process of wanting others, we may well be found wanting by them.’
      • ‘She has assured me that she will get me in the best shape of my life or kill me in the process.’
      • ‘It was a good way of getting to know the area and helping the local community in the process.’
      • ‘I think everyone was very relieved to find that he didn't kill anyone in the process.’
      • ‘He has been preparing for the part for months, losing weight in the process and even growing a beard.’
      • ‘They strive to get all they can even if it means ruining someone else in the process!’
      • ‘But he suffered a calf injury in the process and will be out for two to three weeks.’
  • in process of time

    • As time goes on.

      ‘daughters and sons may find themselves, in process of time, caring for their elderly parents’
      • ‘When he began his studies, he was a thoroughgoing Arminian, but in process of time, God used his doctoral studies for his conversion.’
      • ‘In process of time a younger sister of Mrs. Cates became a convert to Islam.’
      • ‘Interested they were, however: they understood what was said to them, and in process of time came to understand all the characteristic doctrines of Evangelicalism.’
      • ‘And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died.’
      • ‘And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto The Lord.’
      course, advance, progress, progression, unfolding, evolution
      View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French proces, from Latin processus ‘progression, course’, from the verb procedere (see proceed). Current senses of the verb date from the late 19th century.

Pronunciation

process

/ˈprəʊsɛs/

Main definitions of process in English

: process1process2

process2

verb

  • no object, with adverbial of direction Walk or march in procession.

    ‘they processed down the aisle’
    • ‘We processed through them, stopping at each station for the reading, prayer, and Catholic aerobics of kneeling and standing’
    • ‘The men trudged into the bar like polar explorers, and processed soggily towards the fire he'd just lit at the far end of the lounge.’
    • ‘They stood at the back of the church ready to process down the aisle’
    • ‘Upon entering the sanctuary, they processed down the aisle towards the altar, which was dimly lit with candles.’
    • ‘The priests process round the church, swinging clouds of incense.’

Origin

Early 19th century: back-formation from procession.

Pronunciation

process

/prəˈsɛs/