A mammal of the order "Proboscidea" , which comprises the elephants and their extinct relatives.
- ‘There were once more than 300 species within the family, known as proboscideans, but today only Asian elephants and African elephants still exist.’
- ‘In addition, because they are believed to be the sister group to proboscideans, their aquatic preferences raise interesting evolutionary questions.’
- ‘The earliest proboscideans lacked any trunk or tusks.’
- ‘The nature and behavior of these proboscideans have also haunted South African naturalist Lyall Watson, who evokes their world in Elephantoms: Tracking the Elephant (W. W. Norton).’
- ‘The team found several species of archaic proboscideans called Palaeomastodons previously known from 32-million-year-old coastal sediments in Fayum, Egypt.’
Relating to or denoting proboscideans.
- ‘If climate was the culprit, then people and proboscideans should have shared some of the same territory, at least until climate change shrunk proboscidean habitat.’
- ‘As humans moved north into Eurasia from Africa and, later, south from Alaska across the Americas, proboscidean range contracted correspondingly.’
- ‘Climate change, then, cannot account for proboscidean extinction "unless one were to invoke serial climatic change that perfectly tracks human global colonization."’
- ‘If people hunted these animals to extinction, the authors argue, the kill sites should appear along the border between proboscidean and human ranges.’
- ‘Hypsodonty has been shown to be a spurious correlate to obligate grazing in previous studies on certain equid and proboscidean taxa as well.’
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.