Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
A person serving as the starting point for the genetic study of a family.
- ‘Furthermore, all these approaches are unable to handle trios with missing genotypic information on the proband and these families are typically excluded from the analysis.’
- ‘Most data sets utilized in the study of hereditary diseases are constructed around probands, making correction for ascertainment bias necessary; this set of data is no exception.’
- ‘A genetic basis to the disorder is borne out by risk increasing with genetic proximity to the proband.’
- ‘Only offspring of both parents were included in the analysis, but birth order was defined by using all the mother's offspring, including both full and half siblings of the study proband.’
- ‘Our study was a family-based study and included probands with asthma from two populations, Puerto Ricans and Mexicans.’
1920s: from Latin probandus ‘to be proved’, gerundive of probare ‘to test’.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
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The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.