Which Joe gave his name to ‘sloppy joes’? We look at five interesting sandwiches and their lexical origins.
1A solid geometric figure whose two ends are similar, equal, and parallel rectilinear figures, and whose sides are parallelograms.
- ‘Volumes of solids such as prisms, pyramids, tetrahedrons, wedges, cylinders and truncated cones are calculated.’
- ‘We will show that the area of this ring is equal to the area of the corresponding cross section of the dome, which implies that the dome and the punctured prism have equal volumes.’
- ‘He goes on to consider solid geometry giving results on prisms, cylinders, and spheres.’
- ‘Ancient stonecutters could thus cleave it perpendicular to the crystal axis to produce hexagonal prisms of any desired length.’
- ‘You can readily extend the same approach to other polyhedra, such as prisms and antiprisms.’
- 1.1Optics A glass or other transparent object in the form of a prism, especially one that is triangular with refracting surfaces at an acute angle with each other and that separates white light into a spectrum of colours.
- ‘Newton applied the Method of Analysis to induce the explanatory principle that sunlight comprises rays of differing colours, and that each colour is refracted by the prism through a characteristic angle.’
- ‘When he passed a thin beam of sunlight through a glass prism Newton noted the spectrum of colours that was formed.’
- ‘According to Blondlot, a narrow stream of N-rays was refracted through the prism and produced a spectrum on a field.’
- ‘By the use of two mirrors, the fluorescence excitation light of 295-nm wavelength was directed perpendicular onto one of the smallest sides of the quartz prism.’
- ‘In their experiments, Descartes, Robert Hooke and Edward Boyle had put a screen close to the other side of the prism and seen that the spot of light came out as a mixture of colour.’
- 1.2figurative Used to refer to the clarification or distortion afforded by a particular viewpoint:‘they were forced to imagine the disaster through the prism of television’
- ‘It is most certainly distorted by the prism of your own arrogance and ignorance.’
- ‘So information about her youth is inevitably scarce, apart from her own memoirs, which are bound to be somewhat distorted through the prism of time.’
- ‘Viewed through the Upper West Side prism in which ‘enlightened’ equals ‘liberal,’ there is some truth to this contention.’
- ‘From our side of the prism, each and every one of these events is disparate.’
- ‘It's a good rule of thumb because seeing a given action through the prism of someone whose motives you are inclined to view favorably is a good check on unwarranted suspicions.’
Late 16th century: via late Latin from Greek prisma thing sawn, from prizein to saw.
We take a look at several popular, though confusing, punctuation marks.
From Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, discover surprising and intriguing language facts from around the globe.
The definitions of ‘buddy’ and ‘bro’ in the OED have recently been revised. We explore their history and increase in popularity.