Definition of primary industry in English:

primary industry


  • [mass noun] Industry, such as mining, agriculture, or forestry, that is concerned with obtaining or providing natural raw materials for conversion into commodities and products for the consumer.

    ‘employment in primary industry accounts for 12 per cent of all employment in rural areas’
    [count noun] ‘it is these primary industries which will decide our economic success’
    • ‘The share of primary industry in the economic structure decreased steadily from 26.6 percent in 1970 to 5.7 percent in 1997.’
    • ‘Exporters also have opportunities, the best lying in elaborately transformed manufactures and the supply of inputs to export-oriented primary industries and natural resource based manufacturing.’
    • ‘All the trends are the same; declining employment in manufacturing and in primary industry; rapidly rising in private services.’
    • ‘At each level of production, from primary industry to finished product and marketing, approximately half the value added is due to labor.’
    • ‘Our whole economy is dependent on good science, from the production and processing of our primary industries right across the economy.’


primary industry