Definition of previous in English:

previous

adjective

  • 1attributive Existing or occurring before in time or order.

    ‘she looked tired after her exertions of the previous evening’
    ‘the boat's previous owner’
    • ‘The inquest heard that he had spent the previous evening drinking with a friend.’
    • ‘Ouch - that woozy Sunday feeling when you've had a very late one the previous evening.’
    • ‘In contrast to the previous evening the pleasures of the flesh were much in evidence.’
    • ‘The starting grids are based on a reversal of the finishing order of the previous race.’
    • ‘It follows a previous interim order which was made out for two months in April.’
    • ‘Its previous owner had bought it from an aircraft museum that got into financial difficulties.’
    • ‘He reportedly bought the island from its previous owners, a Japanese hotel firm.’
    • ‘Famously, he had divorced Josephine the previous year in order to found a dynasty.’
    • ‘We suspect it was one of the last rooms decorated by the previous owners as they readied the house for sale.’
    • ‘The previous owner of the Westhoughton shop ran a printing business from the premises.’
    • ‘The previous owner had filled in spaces between the beams with sawn-up wardrobes.’
    • ‘It later emerged it had already been used and returned by a previous owner and then sold again to the Galls.’
    • ‘The previous owner built a spaceship in the garden, which might not appeal to everyone.’
    • ‘She could not recall, in fact, very well what had happened the previous evening.’
    • ‘The previous owners were heavy smokers and the bricks are stained with nicotine.’
    • ‘It is the point of order I referred to during your ruling on the previous point of order.’
    • ‘They included previous shop owners and a man whose father had scrawled his name on the arcade's wall.’
    • ‘To my surprise, it showed that the item had been delivered at 6pm the previous evening.’
    • ‘The order will be the reverse of the finishing order of the previous race, with the winner running last.’
    • ‘I also managed to fill a skip to overflowing with the junk the previous owners had left behind.’
    foregoing, preceding, precursory, antecedent, above
    View synonyms
  • 2informal Overhasty in acting.

    ‘I admit I may have been a bit previous’
    overhasty, hasty, premature, precipitate, impetuous, too early, too soon, untimely, presumptuous
    View synonyms

noun

mass nounBritish
informal
  • Previous convictions; a criminal record.

    ‘he's got previous—theft and wounding’
    criminal record, police record, list of offences, list of previous convictions
    View synonyms

Phrases

  • previous to

    • Before.

      ‘the month previous to publication’
      • ‘He was said to be a healthy 6 ft 5in tall man who suffered slightly from asthma but previous to this episode never had any suspicion he was allergic to wasp stings.’
      • ‘And this was all in the middle of making dinner, for which I had been hungry for an hour and a half previous to the breakage.’
      • ‘The Protestant Church had been built four years previous to this in 1818.’
      • ‘We know Kissinger spoke to Putin the week previous to the Bush-Putin mini summit.’
      • ‘The economic reality was that previous to that case, quite extended families had been living on these properties for a pittance.’
      • ‘Breeding records show that for four years previous to this, experts worried that the distinctive toad was extinct altogether in the area.’
      • ‘Everything he'd written previous to that was pretty much doodling.’
      • ‘It indicates that there were two launches previous to Gagarin.’
      • ‘‘None of these 57 sites had any record of toxicity previous to 1988,’ he said.’
      • ‘On the pre-recorded show on Sunday night last, Christopher was picked previous to the show to be the member from the audience to perform just before the end.’
      • ‘Perhaps the months previous to this blog reactivation are best summed up in one sentence.’
      • ‘There had been bad cases of Blight in certain years from the late 1770's and for at least three years previous to 1847 the crop had been failing.’
      • ‘I just felt that, previous to the collection, I had been writing poems I didn't enjoy reading.’
      • ‘The skull was complete but for a recent break across the snout which is interpreted as being caused by mechanical dredging of the pond which occurred previous to the find.’
      • ‘I have no knowledge of any of the family previous to them.’
      • ‘She's encountered him several times previous to this, and despite her attempts to spread the magic fairy-dust, her attempts seemed to be in vain.’
      • ‘And just to rub salt into the wounds of those envious of her, previous to joining Irish Distillers she was on the tasting panel at Guinness.’
      • ‘MTV commissioned a bunch of tv graphics people to produce 3 seconds of video - and they could only see the three seconds previous to it.’
      • ‘I studied economics at the University of Victoria previous to my nursing education although I did not complete an undergraduate degree.’
      • ‘A significantly milder statement was finally released, which supported the student protest previous to the occupation.’
      before, prior to, until, till, up to, earlier than, preceding, leading up to, in advance of, ahead of, ante-, pre-
      View synonyms

Origin

Early 17th century: from Latin praevius ‘going before’ (from prae ‘before’ + via ‘way’) + -ous.

Pronunciation

previous

/ˈpriːvɪəs/