Definition of preterm in English:

preterm

adjective

Medicine
  • Born or occurring after a pregnancy significantly shorter than normal, especially after no more than 37 weeks of pregnancy:

    ‘babies born during preterm labour’
    ‘preterm babies who did not require respiratory support had a high prevalence of wheeze and cough in the first year of life’
    • ‘Smoking during pregnancy has also been linked to preterm labor and other pregnancy complications.’
    • ‘We propose that women should be informed of a small but significantly elevated risk of preterm birth and perinatal death when they conceive shortly after a birth.’
    • ‘Chronically catheterized preterm fetal sheep respond to intravascular endotoxin with a tolerance type response.’
    • ‘Doctors have known that preterm newborn boys fare more poorly than girls, but it's not been clear why.’
    • ‘This is the best way to protect yourself and your baby against preterm labor and delivery.’
    • ‘Each amniocentesis carried a risk of miscarriage or preterm labour, and as some pregnancies needed several of these procedures the risk was not inconsequential.’
    • ‘For example, preterm multiple birth can cause a sudden and unexpected increase in need for intensive care facilities.’
    • ‘It starts with the management of preterm labor and postdate pregnancies.’
    • ‘An excess of extremely preterm first births existed among women whose subsequent interpregnancy interval was 2-5 years.’
    • ‘The purpose of the serial amniocentesis is to prevent preterm labor and thereby extend the pregnancy.’

adverb

Medicine
  • After a short pregnancy; prematurely:

    ‘babies born preterm are likely to lack surfactant in the lungs’
    too soon, too early, before the usual time, ahead of time, before one's time
    View synonyms

Pronunciation:

preterm

/priːˈtəːm/