Definition of presumption in English:

presumption

noun

  • 1An idea that is taken to be true on the basis of probability.

    ‘underlying presumptions about human nature’
    • ‘But it just goes to show how fallible presumptions and assumptions can be.’
    • ‘With the overturning of existing criminal law restrictions, however, the basis for the presumption that abortions were done for health-related reasons has been eroded.’
    • ‘The notion of escape from the present is ubiquitous in these works, consistent with the presumption underlying the idea of Utopia as a place of retreat from the present world.’
    • ‘The idea rested on two presumptions: one was the strength of defensive firepower and the other was the significance of the terrain being held.’
    • ‘Probably the presumption was that, merely by picking such a child up and taking it home, a person assumed the role of its legal guardian.’
    • ‘Now, efficient market theory rests on the presumption that owners care what the managers of their firms do, and will take action against incompetent managers.’
    • ‘Under such presumptions, institutional solutions based upon egalitarian principles were much more the norm and more forthcoming.’
    • ‘Zoning's underlying presumptions were also more aligned with an ideological shift in the planning profession during the 1920s.’
    • ‘Many of us are highly educated and your presumptions are most insulting.’
    • ‘It's probably foolish to make presumptions about a relationship after spending only 90 minutes with a couple, but here goes.’
    • ‘We will have changed the presumption from the idea that the Internet is not regulated to one that it is regulated.’
    • ‘But, appearances to the contrary notwithstanding, there are clear connecting threads that identify the underlying ideological presumptions.’
    • ‘Practitioner-held opinions are real, they reflect underlying presumptions and they can be articulated by individuals who practice advertising.’
    • ‘Valerie is blinded by her presumptions to the true answers to any of these questions.’
    • ‘This would not work if society was more conscious of the way research is changing many of our notions and presumptions.’
    • ‘We never pass a door, we make no assumptions or presumptions, we always ask for a vote.’
    • ‘Currently, there are many serious developments, speculations about where the regime is heading, presumptions, and theories in circulation, as well as many explanations at work.’
    • ‘In practice, the process of negotiating safety can be complicated by underlying and often implicit presumptions about monogamy and fidelity.’
    • ‘Moira is a woman of firm opinions who is not impressed with masculine presumptions.’
    • ‘By questioning underlying presumptions and conclusions they are creating a space in which to think about gender.’
    1. 1.1[mass noun]The acceptance of something as true although it is not known for certain.
      ‘the presumption of innocence’
      • ‘In London a spokesman for the Lord Chancellor's office said family law cases in England and Wales were generally heard in camera, although there was no presumption that they had to be.’
      • ‘Apparently the act of binding the baby tightly to itself in strips of fabric is reassuring for babies, although the evidence for this seems to lie more in presumption than science.’
      • ‘Both have said they are making no presumption about whether he is guilty or innocent - but are concerned he has been held for so long with no charge.’
      • ‘Knowing the difference between assumption and deduction, and between presumption and proof, can alter one's outlook and transform an electorate.’
      • ‘Now there's a very strong presumption that they must get a sentence for public protection, which is in fact life.’
      • ‘The presumption must be that anyone charged with a crime is innocent until proven guilty.’
      • ‘My own personal presumption is innocence until proven guilty.’
      • ‘It is as if it has no real value outside the ‘original context’ and that is a very false presumption.’
      • ‘The presumption is that everyone who is required to appear before a tribunal has their costs paid by the state, whether there is a finding against them or not.’
      • ‘The presumption that everyone in Brisbane follows the Broncos is nonsense… and the number of Bulldogs fans at Lang Park last Sunday surely confirm that.’
      • ‘In the view of the Greens, that presumption cannot be justified.’
    2. 1.2Law
      An attitude adopted in law or as a matter of policy towards an action or proposal in the absence of acceptable reasons to the contrary.
      ‘the planning policy shows a general presumption in favour of development’
      • ‘The site lies within the urban area and the appellant states that there is therefore a presumption in favour of development.’
      • ‘There is a very strong national policy presumption in favour of its restoration.’
      • ‘Regulation 24 creates a presumption in favour of no order for costs.’
      • ‘The weight to be given to the presumption in favour of life when interpreting advance decisions will remain uncertain until more cases have been decided.’
      • ‘I would reject the submission that there should be a presumption in favour of the custodial parent in applications to vary custody and access resulting from relocation of the custodial parent.’
      • ‘Nevertheless, it does create a presumption in favour of conservation and long-term sustainability, and the parties must apply it accordingly.’
      • ‘However, there is a presumption in favour of the right of States to enter reservations unless the instrument expressly states to the contrary.’
      • ‘The inquiry does not begin with a legal presumption in favour of the custodial parent, although the custodial parent's views are entitled to great respect.’
      • ‘Labor will also make it more difficult for repeat offenders to get bail, no matter how minor the offence, by overturning the presumption in favour of bail.’
      • ‘The chief reason to reject this view is the presumption in favour of equal consideration.’
      • ‘The general presumption in favour of the truth of belief serves to rescue us from a standard form of scepticism by showing why it is impossible for all our beliefs to be false together.’
      • ‘Such a decision, especially today, requires extraordinarily strong reasons for overriding the presumption in favor of peace and against war.’
      • ‘However, at paragraphs 9 and 10 the inspector introduced an evidential presumption in favour of the map.’
      • ‘There is, therefore, a presumption in favour of the appeal proposal under S54A unless other material considerations indicate otherwise.’
      • ‘There was a presumption in favour of freedom of expression, which was a primary right in a democracy.’
      • ‘I do not think that it is helpful in this context, therefore, to regard the presumption in favour of the development plan as a governing or paramount one.’
      • ‘It is not right to say that there is a presumption in favour of reinstatement with the burden on the defendant to show that it would not be reasonable.’
      • ‘Under state and federal ‘counter-terrorism’ laws, the traditional presumption in favour of bail has been scrapped.’
      • ‘Even in regard to criminal statutes the presumption in favour of strict construction is nowadays rarely applied.’
      • ‘In other words, once the precondition set out in section 13 is satisfied, there is a presumption in favour of referral.’
  • 2[mass noun] Behaviour perceived as arrogant, disrespectful, and transgressing the limits of what is permitted or appropriate.

    ‘he lifted her off the ground, and she was enraged at his presumption’
    • ‘That is arrogant presumption to insist that some authors and works deserve to be declared meritorious as a matter of fairness.’
    • ‘It would have been the height of arrogance, presumption, everything my mother specifically taught me not to do.’
    • ‘A breathtaking and galling presumption - after all that we have gone through this last decade or so.’
    • ‘I assume my reputation for arrogant presumption precedes me, so I'll be anything but brief.’
    • ‘An article here sums up pretty well my own response to such outrageous presumption.’
    • ‘It is one thing to seek to excuse Machiavelli's cynicism and cruelty on the grounds that he was a man of his time - a victim as well as an architect of Renaissance arrogance and presumption.’
    • ‘Those kids worked to get where they are, remember, and modern educational theory won't stand for that sort of upstart presumption.’
    • ‘I can't convince people there is a God and I really have no desire to, except in moments of arrogant presumption that somehow my knowledge is better than that of others.’
    • ‘Of all the arrogant presumption, to look down at someone who had suffered and achieved as he had…’
    • ‘Which will probably teach me something about arrogance and presumption.’
    • ‘Even in this day and age, presumption and self-importance have their limits!’
    • ‘Your arrogance, presumption, and ego come through very clearly in this message.’
    • ‘I find fault with this presumption; it disrespects the chasm.’
    brazenness, audacity, boldness, audaciousness, temerity, arrogance, egotism, front, presumptuousness, pertness, forwardness
    View synonyms

Origin

Middle English: from Old French presumpcion, from Latin praesumptio(n-) anticipation, from the verb praesumere (see presume).

Pronunciation:

presumption

/prɪˈzʌm(p)ʃ(ə)n/