Definition of preen in English:



  • 1 (of a bird) tidy and clean its feathers with its beak.

    ‘reed buntings preened at the pool's edge’
    [with object] ‘the pigeon preened her feathers’
    • ‘The edge of the ice had started to melt, creating a narrow stream where some of the birds were happily preening, flapping showers of droplets into the air.’
    • ‘This louse is the only common parasite on satin bowerbirds, and it is found mainly around the head and eyes where birds cannot easily preen.’
    • ‘If these substances come into contact with bird feathers they are impossible for the bird to preen or wash out.’
    • ‘Birds use their beaks to keep their feathers in order; you know this action as preening.’
    • ‘They then spend several hours preening and drying their feathers.’
    • ‘When preening, birds nibble and stroke their feathers, returning them to correct position.’
    • ‘Anatids spend copious amounts of time in the water and spend a great deal of time on preening and feather maintenance.’
    • ‘Watch any bird for a while, and you will see that it spends a lot of time preening its feathers and bathing in water or dust.’
    • ‘With hundreds of new feathers regenerating, the bird must preen constantly.’
    • ‘The penguins ingest the oil as they preen their feathers, which changes the birds' immune systems, making them more vulnerable to disease.’
    • ‘The tall white birds preen, squawk, and soar majestically, like snowy B - 52s.’
    clean, tidy, groom, smooth, arrange
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    1. 1.1(of a person) devote effort to making oneself look attractive and then admire one's appearance.
      ‘adolescents preening in their bedroom mirrors’
      • ‘Television stars had been preening themselves for the red carpet at Claridges, where some of the hottest designers, make-up artists, jewellers and hair stylists had taken up residence.’
      • ‘They start cramming the barricades, the ladies start primping and preening themselves in their compact mirrors.’
      • ‘Humans are like animals: when they stop preening themselves, you've got to worry.’
      • ‘Unable to summon up the courage to venture inside and make myself a cup of tea, I returned to the lounge where Amy was still preening herself.’
      • ‘They were the ones for which she would preen herself for every night for what seemed like bloody hours (hair, makeup, clothes).’
      • ‘That's why the contestants spend so much time preening themselves in front of a mirror.’
      • ‘Not that I was the only one: I noticed how all the women preened themselves when he walked into the room, flirting with him and laughing outrageously at his jokes.’
      • ‘In Prof. Patterson's class, which is must have a women to men ration of 10: 1, all of the gum smacking coeds are preening themselves in the mirror.’
      • ‘He disappeared for a while and then I found him at the dressing table, preening himself before the mirror.’
      • ‘We're always expected to be preening ourselves, so it was a pretty nice opportunity not to have to think about that stuff for a while.’
      admire oneself, primp oneself, primp, prink oneself
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    2. 1.2Congratulate or pride oneself.
      ‘he's busy preening himself on acquiring such a pretty girlfriend’
      • ‘He was there last week, preening himself, powerful and proud as ever, but unmistakably a man who had overstayed his welcome.’
      • ‘All we saw them do was sit in restaurants preening themselves and getting drunk on wine.’
      • ‘‘As you wish, Captain,’ Tyrr replied simply, mentally preening himself for the accomplishment.’
      • ‘This means they don't know when to stop preening themselves.’
      • ‘We preened ourselves for reaching the quarter-finals of soccer's World Cup, and now it doesn't matter so much if we don't bring home the Ashes, just as long as we don't get battered in every game.’
      • ‘The police last week in Sunderland preened themselves on how good intelligence had enabled them to spot and control the troublemakers.’
      • ‘For almost 10 years, I have preened myself on this single modest benefaction.’
      congratulate oneself, be pleased with oneself, pride oneself, be proud of oneself, pat oneself on the back, give oneself a pat on the back, feel self-satisfied
      pique oneself
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Late Middle English: apparently a variant of obsolete prune (based on Latin ungere anoint), in the same sense, associated with Scots and northern English dialect preen ‘pierce, pin’ (because of the ‘pricking’ action of the bird's beak).