Definition of predicate in English:

predicate

noun

Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkət/
  • 1Grammar
    The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g. went home in John went home).

    • ‘By dropping subjects, predicates, and/or prepositions, Sosnora often reduces sentences to fragments or even to phrases.’
    • ‘You don't need to worry about sentences with predicates and subjects.’
    • ‘For example, a descriptive word before a noun is an adjective; if it follows the noun it becomes a predicate.’
    • ‘This is the subject, and the predicate has the form is + noun phrase.’
    • ‘Last time, on our first grammar day, we learned about subjects and predicates.’
    • ‘Please remember to answer in complete subject / predicate sentences to demonstrate your communicative skills.’
  • 2Logic
    Something which is affirmed or denied concerning an argument of a proposition.

    • ‘As I mentioned, the basic propositions are predicates applied to single individuals.’
    • ‘The theory that existence is not a predicate implies, however, that all existential propositions are synthetic.’
    • ‘In ‘On Interpretation’ Aristotle argues that a single assertion must always either affirm or deny a single predicate of a single subject.’
    • ‘Both Kant and Russell for example are interested in the logical issue of whether existence is a predicate.’
    • ‘In stating that the entity possesses the attribute, we use a predicate with a single argument.’

verb

[with object]
Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkeɪt/
  • 1Grammar Logic
    State, affirm, or assert (something) about the subject of a sentence or an argument of a proposition.

    ‘a word which predicates something about its subject’
    ‘aggression is predicated of those who act aggressively’
    • ‘Anything we please can be made to serve as a logical predicate; the subject can even be predicated of itself; for logic abstracts from all content.’
    • ‘So Scotus claims that pure perfection can be predicated of God.’
    • ‘All such propositions must involve reference to some individual and predicating some property of that individual.’
    • ‘It must simply be that the quantity may be truly predicated of the object.’
    • ‘What can be predicated of a kind differs absolutely from what can be predicated of an individual.’
    1. 1.1 Declare or affirm (something) as true or existing; postulate or assert.
      ‘the Pleistocene colonization of Tasmania has long been predicated’
      • ‘The 1918 concession was clearly predicated on there being sufficient Catholic children to fill school rolls.’
      • ‘It is true that the Court in the Chemial case predicates its acceptance of the Italian policy on the basis that it does not result in any discrimination, whether direct or indirect.’
      • ‘It's true that many modern philosophies predicate humanness on the ability to reason.’
      • ‘Yet the rejection of elemental decencies and self-respect on which their society is predicated amounts to a collapse of civilisation.’
      • ‘Every succeeding question was predicated in the assumption that you had answered ‘yes’ to the first question.’
      postulate, put forward, advance, propound, submit, hypothesize, take as a hypothesis, set forth, propose, pose, assert
      View synonyms
  • 2predicate something on/uponFound or base something on.

    ‘the theory of structure on which later chemistry was predicated’
    • ‘Consider, for example, the scope of the authority Mary believes the love-charm affords her and what, in the end, that authority is predicated upon.’
    • ‘One just can't help feeling, however, that the entire base he has predicated his argument on is flawed.’
    • ‘Part of our freedom is predicated on the right to act as economic agents.’
    • ‘It is, however, important to note at the outset that the whole argument is predicated on two assumptions.’
    • ‘Second, social movements are predicated on, and derive their legitimacy from, mass mobilization and popular support.’
    base, be dependent, found, establish, rest, build, ground, premise
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun): from Latin praedicatum ‘something declared’, neuter of praedicatus ‘declared, proclaimed’, past participle of the verb praedicare, from prae ‘beforehand’ + dicare ‘make known’.

Pronunciation

predicate

Noun/ˈprɛdɪkət/

predicate

Verb/ˈprɛdɪkeɪt/