Definition of predicate in English:



Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkət/
  • 1Grammar
    The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g. went home in John went home).

    • ‘Last time, on our first grammar day, we learned about subjects and predicates.’
    • ‘Please remember to answer in complete subject / predicate sentences to demonstrate your communicative skills.’
    • ‘You don't need to worry about sentences with predicates and subjects.’
    • ‘This is the subject, and the predicate has the form is + noun phrase.’
    • ‘By dropping subjects, predicates, and/or prepositions, Sosnora often reduces sentences to fragments or even to phrases.’
    • ‘For example, a descriptive word before a noun is an adjective; if it follows the noun it becomes a predicate.’
  • 2Logic
    Something which is affirmed or denied concerning an argument of a proposition.

    • ‘The theory that existence is not a predicate implies, however, that all existential propositions are synthetic.’
    • ‘Both Kant and Russell for example are interested in the logical issue of whether existence is a predicate.’
    • ‘As I mentioned, the basic propositions are predicates applied to single individuals.’
    • ‘In ‘On Interpretation’ Aristotle argues that a single assertion must always either affirm or deny a single predicate of a single subject.’
    • ‘In stating that the entity possesses the attribute, we use a predicate with a single argument.’


[with object]
Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkeɪt/
  • 1Grammar Logic
    State, affirm, or assert (something) about the subject of a sentence or an argument of a proposition.

    ‘a word which predicates something about its subject’
    ‘aggression is predicated of those who act aggressively’
    • ‘Anything we please can be made to serve as a logical predicate; the subject can even be predicated of itself; for logic abstracts from all content.’
    • ‘All such propositions must involve reference to some individual and predicating some property of that individual.’
    • ‘So Scotus claims that pure perfection can be predicated of God.’
    • ‘What can be predicated of a kind differs absolutely from what can be predicated of an individual.’
    • ‘It must simply be that the quantity may be truly predicated of the object.’
    1. 1.1 Declare or affirm (something) as true or existing; postulate or assert.
      ‘the Pleistocene colonization of Tasmania has long been predicated’
      • ‘Every succeeding question was predicated in the assumption that you had answered ‘yes’ to the first question.’
      • ‘The 1918 concession was clearly predicated on there being sufficient Catholic children to fill school rolls.’
      • ‘It's true that many modern philosophies predicate humanness on the ability to reason.’
      • ‘Yet the rejection of elemental decencies and self-respect on which their society is predicated amounts to a collapse of civilisation.’
      • ‘It is true that the Court in the Chemial case predicates its acceptance of the Italian policy on the basis that it does not result in any discrimination, whether direct or indirect.’
      postulate, put forward, advance, propound, submit, hypothesize, take as a hypothesis, set forth, propose, pose, assert
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  • 2predicate something on/uponFound or base something on.

    ‘the theory of structure on which later chemistry was predicated’
    • ‘Part of our freedom is predicated on the right to act as economic agents.’
    • ‘Second, social movements are predicated on, and derive their legitimacy from, mass mobilization and popular support.’
    • ‘One just can't help feeling, however, that the entire base he has predicated his argument on is flawed.’
    • ‘Consider, for example, the scope of the authority Mary believes the love-charm affords her and what, in the end, that authority is predicated upon.’
    • ‘It is, however, important to note at the outset that the whole argument is predicated on two assumptions.’
    base, be dependent, found, establish, rest, build, ground, premise
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Late Middle English (as a noun): from Latin praedicatum ‘something declared’, neuter of praedicatus ‘declared, proclaimed’, past participle of the verb praedicare, from prae ‘beforehand’ + dicare ‘make known’.