Definition of predicate in English:



Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkət/
  • 1Grammar
    The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g. went home in John went home).

    • ‘By dropping subjects, predicates, and/or prepositions, Sosnora often reduces sentences to fragments or even to phrases.’
    • ‘For example, a descriptive word before a noun is an adjective; if it follows the noun it becomes a predicate.’
    • ‘You don't need to worry about sentences with predicates and subjects.’
    • ‘Last time, on our first grammar day, we learned about subjects and predicates.’
    • ‘Please remember to answer in complete subject / predicate sentences to demonstrate your communicative skills.’
    • ‘This is the subject, and the predicate has the form is + noun phrase.’
  • 2Logic
    Something which is affirmed or denied concerning an argument of a proposition.

    • ‘In stating that the entity possesses the attribute, we use a predicate with a single argument.’
    • ‘The theory that existence is not a predicate implies, however, that all existential propositions are synthetic.’
    • ‘Both Kant and Russell for example are interested in the logical issue of whether existence is a predicate.’
    • ‘As I mentioned, the basic propositions are predicates applied to single individuals.’
    • ‘In ‘On Interpretation’ Aristotle argues that a single assertion must always either affirm or deny a single predicate of a single subject.’


[with object]
Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkeɪt/
  • 1Logic Grammar
    State, affirm, or assert (something) about the subject of a sentence or an argument of a proposition.

    ‘a word which predicates something about its subject’
    ‘aggression is predicated of those who act aggressively’
    • ‘All such propositions must involve reference to some individual and predicating some property of that individual.’
    • ‘Anything we please can be made to serve as a logical predicate; the subject can even be predicated of itself; for logic abstracts from all content.’
    • ‘What can be predicated of a kind differs absolutely from what can be predicated of an individual.’
    • ‘So Scotus claims that pure perfection can be predicated of God.’
    • ‘It must simply be that the quantity may be truly predicated of the object.’
    1. 1.1 Declare or affirm (something) as true or existing; postulate or assert.
      ‘the Pleistocene colonization of Tasmania has long been predicated’
      • ‘It is true that the Court in the Chemial case predicates its acceptance of the Italian policy on the basis that it does not result in any discrimination, whether direct or indirect.’
      • ‘Yet the rejection of elemental decencies and self-respect on which their society is predicated amounts to a collapse of civilisation.’
      • ‘It's true that many modern philosophies predicate humanness on the ability to reason.’
      • ‘Every succeeding question was predicated in the assumption that you had answered ‘yes’ to the first question.’
      • ‘The 1918 concession was clearly predicated on there being sufficient Catholic children to fill school rolls.’
      postulate, put forward, advance, propound, submit, hypothesize, take as a hypothesis, set forth, propose, pose, assert
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  • 2predicate something on/uponFound or base something on.

    ‘the theory of structure on which later chemistry was predicated’
    • ‘Second, social movements are predicated on, and derive their legitimacy from, mass mobilization and popular support.’
    • ‘Part of our freedom is predicated on the right to act as economic agents.’
    • ‘It is, however, important to note at the outset that the whole argument is predicated on two assumptions.’
    • ‘Consider, for example, the scope of the authority Mary believes the love-charm affords her and what, in the end, that authority is predicated upon.’
    • ‘One just can't help feeling, however, that the entire base he has predicated his argument on is flawed.’
    base, be dependent, found, establish, rest, build, ground, premise
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Late Middle English (as a noun): from Latin praedicatum ‘something declared’, neuter of praedicatus ‘declared, proclaimed’, past participle of the verb praedicare, from prae ‘beforehand’ + dicare ‘make known’.