Definition of predicate in English:

predicate

noun

Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkət/
  • 1Grammar
    The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject (e.g. went home in John went home).

    • ‘By dropping subjects, predicates, and/or prepositions, Sosnora often reduces sentences to fragments or even to phrases.’
    • ‘For example, a descriptive word before a noun is an adjective; if it follows the noun it becomes a predicate.’
    • ‘You don't need to worry about sentences with predicates and subjects.’
    • ‘Last time, on our first grammar day, we learned about subjects and predicates.’
    • ‘Please remember to answer in complete subject / predicate sentences to demonstrate your communicative skills.’
    • ‘This is the subject, and the predicate has the form is + noun phrase.’
  • 2Logic
    Something which is affirmed or denied concerning an argument of a proposition.

    • ‘In stating that the entity possesses the attribute, we use a predicate with a single argument.’
    • ‘The theory that existence is not a predicate implies, however, that all existential propositions are synthetic.’
    • ‘Both Kant and Russell for example are interested in the logical issue of whether existence is a predicate.’
    • ‘As I mentioned, the basic propositions are predicates applied to single individuals.’
    • ‘In ‘On Interpretation’ Aristotle argues that a single assertion must always either affirm or deny a single predicate of a single subject.’

verb

[with object]
Pronunciation /ˈprɛdɪkeɪt/
  • 1Logic Grammar
    State, affirm, or assert (something) about the subject of a sentence or an argument of a proposition.

    ‘a word which predicates something about its subject’
    ‘aggression is predicated of those who act aggressively’
    • ‘All such propositions must involve reference to some individual and predicating some property of that individual.’
    • ‘Anything we please can be made to serve as a logical predicate; the subject can even be predicated of itself; for logic abstracts from all content.’
    • ‘What can be predicated of a kind differs absolutely from what can be predicated of an individual.’
    • ‘So Scotus claims that pure perfection can be predicated of God.’
    • ‘It must simply be that the quantity may be truly predicated of the object.’
    1. 1.1 Declare or affirm (something) as true or existing; postulate or assert.
      ‘the Pleistocene colonization of Tasmania has long been predicated’
      • ‘It is true that the Court in the Chemial case predicates its acceptance of the Italian policy on the basis that it does not result in any discrimination, whether direct or indirect.’
      • ‘Yet the rejection of elemental decencies and self-respect on which their society is predicated amounts to a collapse of civilisation.’
      • ‘It's true that many modern philosophies predicate humanness on the ability to reason.’
      • ‘Every succeeding question was predicated in the assumption that you had answered ‘yes’ to the first question.’
      • ‘The 1918 concession was clearly predicated on there being sufficient Catholic children to fill school rolls.’
      postulate, put forward, advance, propound, submit, hypothesize, take as a hypothesis, set forth, propose, pose, assert
      View synonyms
  • 2predicate something on/uponFound or base something on.

    ‘the theory of structure on which later chemistry was predicated’
    • ‘Second, social movements are predicated on, and derive their legitimacy from, mass mobilization and popular support.’
    • ‘Part of our freedom is predicated on the right to act as economic agents.’
    • ‘It is, however, important to note at the outset that the whole argument is predicated on two assumptions.’
    • ‘Consider, for example, the scope of the authority Mary believes the love-charm affords her and what, in the end, that authority is predicated upon.’
    • ‘One just can't help feeling, however, that the entire base he has predicated his argument on is flawed.’
    base, be dependent, found, establish, rest, build, ground, premise
    View synonyms

Origin

Late Middle English (as a noun): from Latin praedicatum ‘something declared’, neuter of praedicatus ‘declared, proclaimed’, past participle of the verb praedicare, from prae ‘beforehand’ + dicare ‘make known’.

Pronunciation

predicate

Noun/ˈprɛdɪkət/

predicate

Verb/ˈprɛdɪkeɪt/