Definition of potato in English:

potato

noun

  • 1A starchy plant tuber which is one of the most important food crops, cooked and eaten as a vegetable.

    ‘roast potatoes’
    mass noun ‘mashed potato’
    • ‘Alternatively, the lamb may be cooked with potatoes or rice, the fat cooking out to enrich and flavour the starchy accompaniment.’
    • ‘These standards mean starchy foods such as bread, potatoes, rice and pasta must not be cooked in oil or fat more than three times a week.’
    • ‘Crops including potatoes and vegetables will be grown, together with grass and clover pasture to help build fertility.’
    • ‘I have been cooking potatoes in olive oil and then topping them with cheese for years.’
    • ‘More spuds, plus homegrown leeks, red onions and garlic made the potato and leek soup I'll be enjoying for lunch tomorrow.’
    • ‘Conventional wisdom dictates that starchy foods such as potatoes should give up their sugar slowly into the bloodstream.’
    • ‘Spoon some potatoes and vegetables around the dish and garnish with fried leeks.’
    • ‘Avoid fatty and fried foods and stick to starchy foods like rice, potatoes and pasta.’
    • ‘Turn everything gently as it cooks, letting the potatoes and onions colour slightly.’
    • ‘Tea was also rationed, but important foods such as bread, potatoes, vegetables, fruit, and fish were not.’
    • ‘Platters of steamed vegetables and roast potatoes were also served.’
    • ‘We'll cook roast lamb and potatoes and indulgent desserts and scoff the whole thing ourselves.’
    • ‘Get your parents to show you how to cook simple things like potatoes, rice and pasta.’
    • ‘Once the potatoes are cooked, drain them, and mash with the butter and salt and pepper.’
    • ‘We enjoyed a lunch of a potato leek soup topped off with grated Parmesan cheese.’
    • ‘Lunch would be stew or steak and kidney pud with potatoes and boiled green vegetables.’
    • ‘Place half the leeks on top of potatoes and season with salt and white pepper.’
    • ‘For example, pick up a roasted chicken from the deli and cook potatoes and vegetables at home.’
    • ‘He was the perfect host, cooking us all potato soup and rice on a kerosene stove.’
    • ‘Cook the potatoes in simmering salted water for 20 min or until tender.’
  • 2The plant of the nightshade family which produces potatoes on underground runners.

    Solanum tuberosum, family Solanaceae. It was first cultivated in the Andes about 1,800 years ago and was introduced to Europe in c.1570

    • ‘The Colorado potato beetle is a pest of mature plants, and often prefers eggplants to potatoes.’
    • ‘Winter and spring cereals, potatoes and sugar beet are grown, while cattle graze old pastures and hay is made on ancient hay meadows.’
    • ‘She is out with her son planting potatoes on the family farm.’
    • ‘As it is, the potato belongs to the botanical family, Solanacea, to which poisonous plants like the nightshade belong.’
    • ‘If you plant potatoes in your garden, potatoes will grow - not carrots or daisies.’
    • ‘For the same reason, avoid planting your runners in soil that has been used for growing potatoes the previous year.’
    • ‘The main agricultural products are grains, sugar beet, and potatoes.’
    • ‘The most commonly cultivated crops are grains, fodder, sugar beets, rape, potatoes, and hops.’
    • ‘The agricultural products are dairy and beef products, pork, poultry, potatoes, and flax.’
    • ‘Those have been for a variety of organisms, including potatoes, cattle, and petunias.’
    • ‘As well as radishes, they plant carrots and sometimes potatoes.’
    • ‘Yet even cabbages and potatoes are fun to grow, if you grow the right kinds.’
    • ‘So we're talking really about wheat, cow's milk, and the potato family.’
    • ‘In spring he ploughed their fields for the planting of potatoes and oats.’
    • ‘A draft scheme for the supply of seed oats, wheat, barley, potatoes and fertilisers was put to the council.’
    • ‘People farm corn, manioc, potatoes, beans, and rice for their personal use.’
    • ‘By the end of May, the oats, corn, and beans were all well above the ground and the potatoes were on their way.’
    • ‘In his younger years Paddy went to work at the beet and potatoes harvesting in the English Midlands.’
    • ‘Tomatoes are apart of the nightshade family, which include potatoes and eggplants.’
    • ‘The turnips did fine in ground previously inhabited by beans, beets, lettuce and potatoes.’
  • 3British informal A large hole in a sock or stocking, especially one in the heel.

    • ‘I’ve got a potato in my sock.’
    • ‘Gumboots will hole a potato like a cannon-ball in the heels of a new pair of socks in an afternoon.’

Origin

Mid 16th century: from Spanish patata, variant of Taino batata ‘sweet potato’. The English word originally denoted the sweet potato and gained its current sense in the late 16th century.

Pronunciation

potato

/pəˈteɪtəʊ/