Definition of pons in English:

pons

(also pons Varolii)

noun

Anatomy
  • The part of the brainstem that links the medulla oblongata and the thalamus.

    • ‘The latter includes the diencephalon; mesencephalon, or midbrain; pons; and medulla oblongata.’
    • ‘From above down these are the midbrain; a bridge-like structure, the pons; and the medulla oblongata, which merges below with the spinal cord.’
    • ‘The parasympathetic nervous system innervates the parotid, submandibular, and sublingual glands with fibers that originate in the pons and medulla, and synapse in the otic and submandibular ganglia.’
    • ‘Many arterial branches arise from the vertebral and basilar artery to supply the medulla oblongata and the pons.’
    • ‘This is a section (looking down) through the frontal and temporal lobes, the pons, and the cerebellum.’

Origin

Late 17th century: from Latin, literally ‘bridge’, (in full) ‘bridge of Varolius’, named after C. Varoli (1543–75), Italian anatomist.

Pronunciation

pons

/pɒnz/