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[mass noun] An infectious viral disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause temporary or permanent paralysis.
- ‘Infectious diseases such as whooping cough, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, diphtheria, rabies, tetanus, syphilis, and botulism rarely are seen now but can cause vocal cord paralysis.’
- ‘Polio, or poliomyelitis, is an infectious disease caused by a virus that attacks the nervous system.’
- ‘Other common diseases include schistosomiasis, sleeping sickness, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, and pneumonia.’
- ‘The viral disease known as poliomyelitis is highly infectious and can cause total paralysis and even death.’
- ‘Neurological disorders, such as poliomyelitis and cerebral palsy, can also cause acquired clubfoot.’
Late 19th century: modern Latin, from Greek polios grey + muelos marrow.
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