Definition of pogrom in English:


Pronunciation /ˈpɒɡrəm//ˈpɒɡrɒm/


  • An organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe.

    ‘the Nazis began a pogrom against Jewish people in Germany’
    • ‘In Britain and America this was the century of Jewish immigration, with great numbers of Jewish people arriving to escape the pogroms in Poland and Russia.’
    • ‘Russia and eastern Europe were particularly bad, with bloody pogroms that killed thousands.’
    • ‘These pogroms took place in Eastern Poland, and the Jews in other parts remained there.’
    • ‘The Jewish People of Europe were victimized in the Holocaust and before that by the pogroms in Europe.’
    • ‘The same mechanism is involved in all pogroms, all ethnic cleansing, and all wars.’
    • ‘Mennonites were amongst the first European Utopians in the West, fleeing to America from the pogroms in Europe where they were persecuted.’
    • ‘Jews fleeing pogroms in Eastern Europe and the Nazi terror were also able to take up residence in the country.’
    • ‘Between 1881 and 1906 more than a million Jews arrived in New York, fleeing the pogroms in Russia and eastern Europe.’
    • ‘However, in Czarist Russia, most of the pogroms were government organized.’
    • ‘Jews were allowed to live freely in the country, and those fleeing pogroms in Eastern Europe and the Nazi terror were also able to take up residence.’
    • ‘These communal politics have led to pogroms, carnage and war.’
    • ‘To him, as to so many of the fugitives from Eastern European pogroms, the Yiddish theater seemed to have a past as deep as Jewish history.’
    • ‘As the civil war raged and pogroms ensued, ethnic cleansing on a monumental scale created millions of refugees.’
    • ‘The 1905 laws were designed to prevent poor Jewish refugees fleeing pogroms in eastern Europe from entering Britain.’
    • ‘My parents fled Eastern Europe to escape pogroms which began with the ringing of church bells.’
    • ‘In that other abandoned Europe beyond Vienna-tyranny, pogroms and ethnic cleansing would have continued.’
    • ‘And in 1882, following the pogroms in Russia, East European Jews began to settle in the area and to make what was already a ghetto their own.’
    • ‘Wherever we went, we were plagued by persecution, pogroms, and the Holocaust.’
    • ‘Jews were apparently shocked that a pogrom, so common in East Europe and Russia, could happen in Palestine.’
    • ‘But pogroms in Europe and those deeply entrenched dreams kept the ships coming.’
    massacre, slaughter, wholesale slaughter, mass slaughter, mass killing, mass murder, mass homicide, mass execution, night of the long knives, annihilation, extermination, decimation, carnage, bloodbath, bloodletting, butchery, genocide, holocaust, shoah, ethnic cleansing, megadeath
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Early 20th century: from Russian, literally ‘devastation’, from gromit ‘destroy by the use of violence’.