Definition of pneumonia in English:

pneumonia

noun

mass noun
  • Lung inflammation caused by bacterial or viral infection, in which the air sacs fill with pus and may become solid. Inflammation may affect both lungs (double pneumonia) or only one (single pneumonia).

    • ‘The symptoms of bird flu in people vary from typical flu symptoms to eye infections and pneumonia.’
    • ‘Zinc supplementation reduces the incidence of diarrhoea and pneumonia and improves growth.’
    • ‘Avian influenza begins as a respiratory infection and can develop into pneumonia that is often fatal.’
    • ‘But he died after contracting a chest infection which turned into pneumonia.’
    • ‘Doctors originally concluded she died from pneumonia and heart disease.’
    • ‘He then fell ill with pneumonia and died after a lung collapsed and he suffered kidney failure.’
    • ‘It is quite possible that she would have died had she developed an infection such as pneumonia.’
    • ‘He had been suffering from throat cancer and had recently been battling pneumonia.’
    • ‘Smoking cessation also reduces the risk of death after a stroke and of death from pneumonia and influenza.’
    • ‘The cold developed into pneumonia, which turned out to be a symptom of leukaemia.’
    • ‘There are immunisations for several of the infections that can cause pneumonia.’
    • ‘Secondary infections such as pneumonia are the main causes of death from malnutrition.’
    • ‘The Doctors said I had whooping cough and pneumonia and that I would have to stay in hospital for the next few months.’
    • ‘His family was informed he was suffering from pneumonia caused by fluid in his lungs.’
    • ‘I heard a few weeks ago that Claire had pneumonia and was in hospital.’
    • ‘The most common type of pneumonia is bronchopneumonia, which affects the bronchioles.’
    • ‘After initial improvement she developed pneumonia and died 17 days after admission.’
    • ‘Pregnant women who get chickenpox or shingles have a higher than normal risk of developing pneumonia.’
    • ‘The commonest infection is a type of pneumonia, a serious lung infection.’
    • ‘The bacteria, which can cause a serious form of pneumonia were found after a routine inspection.’

Origin

Early 17th century: via Latin from Greek, from pneumōn ‘lung’.

Pronunciation

pneumonia

/njuːˈməʊnɪə/