Definition of pneumonia in English:



  • [mass noun] Lung inflammation caused by bacterial or viral infection, in which the air sacs fill with pus and may become solid. Inflammation may affect both lungs (double pneumonia) or only one (single pneumonia).

    • ‘The most common type of pneumonia is bronchopneumonia, which affects the bronchioles.’
    • ‘The bacteria, which can cause a serious form of pneumonia were found after a routine inspection.’
    • ‘But he died after contracting a chest infection which turned into pneumonia.’
    • ‘The Doctors said I had whooping cough and pneumonia and that I would have to stay in hospital for the next few months.’
    • ‘He then fell ill with pneumonia and died after a lung collapsed and he suffered kidney failure.’
    • ‘He had been suffering from throat cancer and had recently been battling pneumonia.’
    • ‘I heard a few weeks ago that Claire had pneumonia and was in hospital.’
    • ‘Smoking cessation also reduces the risk of death after a stroke and of death from pneumonia and influenza.’
    • ‘Secondary infections such as pneumonia are the main causes of death from malnutrition.’
    • ‘The commonest infection is a type of pneumonia, a serious lung infection.’
    • ‘Avian influenza begins as a respiratory infection and can develop into pneumonia that is often fatal.’
    • ‘There are immunisations for several of the infections that can cause pneumonia.’
    • ‘The cold developed into pneumonia, which turned out to be a symptom of leukaemia.’
    • ‘It is quite possible that she would have died had she developed an infection such as pneumonia.’
    • ‘Pregnant women who get chickenpox or shingles have a higher than normal risk of developing pneumonia.’
    • ‘After initial improvement she developed pneumonia and died 17 days after admission.’
    • ‘His family was informed he was suffering from pneumonia caused by fluid in his lungs.’
    • ‘The symptoms of bird flu in people vary from typical flu symptoms to eye infections and pneumonia.’
    • ‘Zinc supplementation reduces the incidence of diarrhoea and pneumonia and improves growth.’
    • ‘Doctors originally concluded she died from pneumonia and heart disease.’


Early 17th century: via Latin from Greek, from pneumōn lung.