Definition of pneumococcus in English:

pneumococcus

noun

  • A bacterium associated with pneumonia and some forms of meningitis.

    • ‘These scientists have recently discovered that a significant proportion of pneumonia in children is not caused by a virus, but by a bacterium - the pneumococcus.’
    • ‘This relatively simple test told us that Marie Anne had bacterial meningitis due to the pneumococcus, an organism that belonged in her throat, not in her nervous system.’
    • ‘The next morning grandma was worse and the labs called to say that the pneumococcus was present in both specimens and that it was resistant to penicillin.’
    • ‘For example, in some parts of the world pneumococci remain predictably sensitive to penicillin, and this drug can remain a first line agent for presumed pneumococcal meningitis, but we do not know how long this will be true.’
    • ‘The increasing resistance of pneumococci to antibiotics, the waning immunity in the elderly population and the low incidence of adverse effects with the conjugated pneumococcal vaccine may make periodic boosters routine.’
    • ‘Currently, many pneumococci are resistant to penicillins and other agents.’
    • ‘Community acquired infections with pneumococci cause pneumonia, blood poisoning, and middle ear disease in over six and a half million cases and 40,000 deaths.’
    • ‘About 75% of pneumonias in the elderly are caused by the pneumococcus.’
    • ‘The bacteria pneumococcus, with more than 90 serotypes, is a common pathogen with many unknowns.’
    • ‘In a study from France of HIV-infected inpatients with bacterial pneumonia, 75% of the pneumococci had decreased susceptibility to penicillin.’
    • ‘Vaccines are now also given against the pneumococcus organism, a common cause of bacterial pneumonia.’
    • ‘Therefore, these vaccines may protect against 85 to 90 percent of invasive and respiratory infections caused by pneumococci in children in the United States.’
    • ‘The carrying of resistant pneumococci in childhood has been associated with younger age, attendance at daycare centres, and previous use of antibiotics.’
    • ‘The pneumococcus, a bacterium, is responsible for about a third of community pneumonia cases.’

Pronunciation:

pneumococcus

/ˌnjuːmə(ʊ)ˈkɒkəs/