Definition of pneumococcus in English:



  • A bacterium associated with pneumonia and some forms of meningitis.

    Streptococcus pneumoniae, a Gram-positive diplococcus

    • ‘Vaccines are now also given against the pneumococcus organism, a common cause of bacterial pneumonia.’
    • ‘This relatively simple test told us that Marie Anne had bacterial meningitis due to the pneumococcus, an organism that belonged in her throat, not in her nervous system.’
    • ‘The bacteria pneumococcus, with more than 90 serotypes, is a common pathogen with many unknowns.’
    • ‘Community acquired infections with pneumococci cause pneumonia, blood poisoning, and middle ear disease in over six and a half million cases and 40,000 deaths.’
    • ‘The pneumococcus, a bacterium, is responsible for about a third of community pneumonia cases.’
    • ‘Therefore, these vaccines may protect against 85 to 90 percent of invasive and respiratory infections caused by pneumococci in children in the United States.’
    • ‘These scientists have recently discovered that a significant proportion of pneumonia in children is not caused by a virus, but by a bacterium - the pneumococcus.’
    • ‘In a study from France of HIV-infected inpatients with bacterial pneumonia, 75% of the pneumococci had decreased susceptibility to penicillin.’
    • ‘About 75% of pneumonias in the elderly are caused by the pneumococcus.’
    • ‘Currently, many pneumococci are resistant to penicillins and other agents.’
    • ‘For example, in some parts of the world pneumococci remain predictably sensitive to penicillin, and this drug can remain a first line agent for presumed pneumococcal meningitis, but we do not know how long this will be true.’
    • ‘The next morning grandma was worse and the labs called to say that the pneumococcus was present in both specimens and that it was resistant to penicillin.’
    • ‘The increasing resistance of pneumococci to antibiotics, the waning immunity in the elderly population and the low incidence of adverse effects with the conjugated pneumococcal vaccine may make periodic boosters routine.’
    • ‘The carrying of resistant pneumococci in childhood has been associated with younger age, attendance at daycare centres, and previous use of antibiotics.’