Definition of pluralist in English:



  • 1An advocate of a system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.

    ‘religious pluralists’
    • ‘Pluralists reflect an ethnocentric view of the global system.’
    • ‘He was not a theocrat but a pluralist who lobbied for equal voice for all in the public square.’
    • ‘His theology is much different than other pluralists, in that his makes him solidly inclusivist.’
    • ‘Pluralists consider non-state actors very important entities, having transnational impact.’
    • ‘Pluralists approach foreign policy decision-making through models like groupthink and bureaucratic politics.’
    • ‘Some pluralists go down the ladder by choosing smaller units of analysis at the intra-governmental stage.’
    • ‘At a time when the Church was desperate to believe that Earth was the centre of the universe, pluralist de Fontanelle delighted in a contrary concept.’
    • ‘Pluralists perceive no exploitative superstructure.’
    • ‘Pluralists began to argue that links between financial centres around the world were now closer than cities within the state had been in the past.’
    • ‘Due to the expansion of capitalism and the emergence of a global culture, pluralists recognized a growing interconnectedness between states.’
    1. 1.1 An advocate of devolution and autonomy for individual bodies in preference to monolithic state control.
      ‘although attractive to pluralists, this vision of local democracy had its limitations’
      • ‘He is not a socialist, but a pluralist who stands in a long tradition of sympathetic academics who wish to elevate the role of trade union leaders.’
      • ‘As New Labour has proven, these are not the types of politicians who are natural pluralists ready to reinforce democratic citizenship.’
      • ‘These anti-authoritarian pluralists could be understood as offering an amalgam of both legal and democratic pluralism.’
      • ‘The putative pluralists very rapidly drew back and refocused their attention on the state.’
      • ‘The state was characterized as a 'metaphysical spook' by the pluralists.’
      • ‘A previous generation of pluralists in both Britain and the United States had endeavoured to dispense with the idea of the state when analysing politics.’
      • ‘Pluralists note that if a majority of people do not like what their representatives are doing, they can vote them out of office at the next election.’
      • ‘The juristic theory of the state that generated this image was fiercely opposed by pragmatists and pluralists.’
      • ‘The most sophisticated exponents against encroachments of the central state were the English pluralists Figgis, Laski, and Cole.’
      • ‘Critics argued that legal pluralists had overstated their case, misrepresenting the prevailing doctrines of sovereignty.’
    2. 1.2Philosophy An advocate of a system of thought that recognizes more than one ultimate principle.
      ‘there is evidence that some of the early Greek philosophers were philosophical pluralists’
      • ‘I am a pluralist—I do not think that pure quantitative analysis will work well.’
      • ‘Enough forces conspire to keep the architect 'on message', even when they seek to be pluralists.’
      • ‘He is a pluralist—he defies chronological time, for he has lived several hundred years.’
      • ‘Whether or not they are pluralists, they must decide whether moral rightness depends on total good or on average good.’
      • ‘How do such societies produce pluralists, by which I mean people who appreciate multiple truths?’
      • ‘Pluralists hold that in at least some cases there is no such fact.’
      • ‘The pluralists are happy to wallow in a cozy vagueness.’
      • ‘A pluralist is someone who holds that no specific doctrinal perspective is superior to the others.’
      • ‘The journal enjoys renewed vitality in its current incarnation, but it never regained the intellectual hegemony it achieved in the 1960s (pluralists would argue).’
      • ‘Methodological pluralists cannot ignore this issue, and we looked briefly at the main attempts to think about multiple structural effects working at the same time.’
  • 2A member of the clergy who holds more than one ecclesiastical office at a time.

    ‘today many Anglican clergy in rural areas are technically pluralists’
    • ‘He was a conspicuous pluralist in the diocese, annexing to his bishopric a number of Salisbury prebends, two abbeys, and several churches.’
    • ‘His aristocratic and clerical connections ensured his rapid preferment, but he was only a minor pluralist.’
    • ‘Although he was canon and prebendary of Llandaff from 1295, and from 1299 archdeacon of Shropshire, he was only a moderate pluralist.’
    • ‘He was living comfortably as a clerical pluralist when Cromwell commissioned him to be one of the visitors to the monasteries in the second half of 1535.’
    • ‘A notable pluralist, he received lucrative ecclesiastical preferments from the king, including prebends in six cathedrals, pensions, and livings.’
    • ‘Sheldon's patronage preferments followed apace, and Stradling was soon a substantial pluralist.’
    • ‘A great pluralist in his early years, he subsequently became, perhaps following the example of Pope Sixtus IV, a great nepotist, for which he has been much criticized.’
    • ‘He saw Anglicans, with honourable exceptions, as lazy pluralists.’
    • ‘A pluralist, able and fairly vigorous in the discharge of his duties, he was unfortunate in the political circumstances of his early episcopate.’
    • ‘An absentee pluralist on a grand scale, he farmed out his livings, usually for much more than their nominal value, and supervised them through agents.’


  • 1Relating to or advocating a system in which two or more states, groups, principles, sources of authority, etc., coexist.

    ‘a tolerant, pluralist society’
    • ‘Only thus can the country become tolerant of, and comfortable with, differences—a society that's truly pluralist and secular.’
    • ‘He is regarded as a distinctly liberal unionist with a pluralist agenda.’
    • ‘In 1971, a policy of multiculturalism was officially adopted, legitimizing the self-conception of Canada as resting on pluralist foundations.’
    • ‘Most of us in the pluralist postmodern era can see that both are wonderful in different ways.’
    • ‘The art-historical progression that leads from Cézanne to Judd does not adequately address or contextualize the pluralist art of today.’
    • ‘Arguably, this indicates a continuing pluralist element to management style.’
    • ‘We must ask where and when pluralist societies have existed.’
    • ‘It embarked upon a cultural pluralist rapprochement with Protestants.’
    • ‘It is consistent with his criticism of US employers by not being supportive of partnership with unions or tolerant of pluralist employee interests.’
    • ‘Its nationalism is seen as civic rather than ethnic, political instead of cultural, pluralist rather than homogeneous.’
    1. 1.1 Relating to or advocating devolution and autonomy for individual bodies in preference to monolithic state control.
      ‘we believe in a pluralist democracy’
      • ‘Pluralist politics are rarely about seeking to 'see' the whole system.’
      • ‘The US has a 'pluralist political regime' in which the state is not a corporate actor.’
      • ‘These unwanted emergent environmental patterns seem intractable to pluralist politics.’
      • ‘We are not suggesting that pluralist political methods should be marginalized or eliminated.’
      • ‘This discussion of Tolstoy focuses on the tension between monist and pluralist visions of the world and of history.’
      • ‘Where power is too concentrated, and bureaucratic structures too deaf and blind, pluralist activism is critical to the achievement of change.’
      • ‘They see organised labour as a social partner alongside institutions of civil society within social democratic models of corporatist and pluralist representation.’
      • ‘In pluralist politics, groups bump up against each other, form coalitions, and compromise to try to leverage power and votes.’
      • ‘The former president has driven this pluralist mission.’
      • ‘A republic will confirm our traditional pluralist commitment to democracy and moreover foster our sense of self-identity.’
    2. 1.2Philosophy Relating to a system of thought that recognizes more than one ultimate principle.
      ‘pluralist feminist scientists’
      • ‘Although influenced by one and almost embarrassingly in awe of the other, he was more pluralist than either of his highly dogmatic mentors.’
      • ‘Our discussions about structure reveal not only major gaps in theorizing international systems, but also an expansive research agenda for methodological pluralists.’
      • ‘What had happened was, in a way, a defeat for the pluralist philosophy on which we had all been raised.’
      • ‘The ethical implications of his pluralist philosophy would also have appealed to Moore.’
      • ‘For Zoline, we are all children of calamity and woe if we live "without a myth sufficiently pluralist to save us."’
      • ‘The filmmakers visited 25 countries to create a mix of pluralist commentary and original musical compositions.’
      • ‘This is not a watered-down pluralist position—it comes out of a deep commitment to deconstructing the politics of appearance.’
      • ‘If it has implications for criticism, it is that critics like Danto himself should be pluralist.’
      • ‘The analytical method of sectors thus starts with disaggregation, but from our theoretically pluralist perspective must end with reassembly.’
      • ‘The very stifling of debate has lent an air of urgency and relevance to the journal's function as a committed vehicle for pluralist theoretical debate.’
  • 2(of a member of the clergy) holding more than one ecclesiastical office at a time.

    ‘pluralist clergy in the pre-Reformation parish system’
    • ‘He was an apposite successor to Brinton in a see too modest to attract the interest of ambitious (and usually heavily pluralist) ecclesiastics.’
    • ‘A total of 50 livings were in the hands of 22 pluralist clerks, which represents about 5 per cent of the incumbent parish clergy.’
    • ‘It has been estimated that two-thirds of parishes had a pluralist incumbent at some point during that period.’
    • ‘He profited significantly as something of a pluralist official at this time.’
    • ‘The majority of benefices in these deaneries were unlikely to attract the covetous attention of pluralist clergy seeking to acquire rich livings.’
    • ‘Scholars who defended canonical ideals found themselves at variance with more politically aware pluralist prelates.’
    • ‘His pluralist career was eventually brought to an end in 1560 when he was deprived of all his benefices for failing to take the oath of supremacy.’
    • ‘Local, resident priests provided cover for non-resident, pluralist clergy.’
    • ‘Only three of the pluralist clergy in 1533 held a parish in which no other clerk was assessed for tax.’
    • ‘The Elizabethan pluralist clergy were able to concentrate their agricultural efforts to good effect.’