Main definitions of plump in English

: plump1plump2plump3

plump1

adjective

  • 1Having a full rounded shape.

    ‘the berries were plump and sweet’
    • ‘It was a female, as evidenced by its plump, rounded abdomen and thin antennae.’
    • ‘My cheekbones looked higher, my green eyes looked bigger and brighter and my lips were plump and full.’
    • ‘She had a warm smile and plump cheeks that were a rosy red.’
    • ‘He had a round, plump face with gentle, long but narrowed eyes because his cheeks were so chubby.’
    • ‘Her frizzy red hair was pulled back in a pony tail and the freckles that sprinkled her plump cheeks made her seem kindhearted in a girlish sort of way.’
    • ‘A bright hue, a rosy blush, pretty skin that's blemish free, and a plump shape - these are generally key for ripe fruits.’
    • ‘They had admired his silky black hair and his huge violet eyes, pinched his plump cheeks and fussed over him.’
    • ‘It came with a wonderful rice pilaf, dotted with raisins, plump cranberries, nuts, seeds and thinly sliced almonds.’
    • ‘Topped with shredded carrots and a very sweet dressing, it also featured plump raisins sprinkled throughout, a very nice touch.’
    • ‘A plump, rounded moon settled alongside the twinkling lights and gleamed observently from its position in the sky.’
    • ‘Alonso's dark hair is peppered with gray, and his plump cheeks are dusted with stubble.’
    • ‘Some of them are plump and juicy and full of savory flavor, but others are hard and dry.’
    • ‘The country was dotted with vineyards, each bursting with acres and acres of plump, sweet grapes.’
    • ‘The side dishes were palatable: a mound of exotically spiced couscous with plump raisins and a ratatouille of herbs and vegetables simmered in their own juices.’
    • ‘Another great theme garden is the pizza garden, which sparkles with plump tomatoes, sweet basil, thyme, oregano, bell peppers and red onions.’
    • ‘Next time, I think I'll add some plump cherry tomatoes, too.’
    • ‘This yard, however, had been transformed into a lush garden full of plump, red, juicy tomatoes.’
    • ‘The liver was plump and full of flavor, and it melted beautifully on my tongue.’
    • ‘Tenderly, she ran one finger down her baby's plump brown cheek.’
    • ‘The handmade ravioli were plump with a purée of vegetables, and generously coated with a light tomato sauce and strategically placed blobs of basil pesto.’
    chubby, fat, stout, rotund, buxom, well upholstered, well covered, well padded, of ample proportions, ample, roly-poly, round, rounded, well rounded, full, fattish, dumpy, chunky, broad in the beam, portly, overweight, fleshy, paunchy, bulky, corpulent
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1 (of a person) rather fat.
      ‘she wore an outfit she'd always wanted to try but felt she was too plump to risk’
      • ‘She had grown a little and thinned out some although she was still slightly plump.’
      • ‘Some seemed to be only slightly larger than a good, plump chicken, an ideal size for the smaller family.’
      • ‘She had blonde curls that hung around her slightly plump face, and she wore a common housedress and apron over it.’
      • ‘Doyle turned to see a tall, if slightly plump, woman walking toward them.’
      • ‘A rather plump girl began to walk towards them, her face aglow.’
      • ‘Many of the animals here are also quintessentially cute: a rounded bunny, a kitten playing with yarn, a plump fish, a faun.’
      • ‘Sara smiled as she remembered the sweet, plump, middle-aged lady with her rosy cheeks and graying hair.’
      • ‘She was rarely photographed, but we know she was of medium height, slightly plump, with a fair complexion and crystal-clear blue eyes.’
      • ‘A rather plump woman with tiny framed glasses sauntered in through the doorway.’
      • ‘I leave Chicago and busy Route 38 behind, then head up a gravel road to a white-picketed yard full of plump chickens scratching about.’
      • ‘I did have a rather interesting conversation with the driver, a rather plump fellow with a bald head and a beard.’
      • ‘She looked to be about 100 pounds, and was plump and round.’
      • ‘Bessie is a plump, round colourfully fluffy bird and is the kind, caring and knowledgeable adult.’
      • ‘He is middle-aged, like Benjamin, and slightly plump.’
      • ‘And although his body is still skinny, about half the size of plump Sofia, his belly is growing wider and fuller.’
      • ‘Masson spends all his free time on the beach with his sweet, plump little wife.’
      • ‘He was rather plump, and was wearing a ridiculous hat.’
      • ‘Some people are actually attracted to chubby, plump, and otherwise overweight/large men and women.’
      • ‘The officer frowned down at the shorter, rather plump man.’
      • ‘Birdie turned around and saw Hattie, the slightly plump, middle-aged housekeeper.’
      • ‘At this, poor, corpulent Kirstie looks up, turns a plump finger to her chest and mouths ‘Me?’’
      • ‘She was also short and slightly plump, while the twins were fairly tall and Rosita was thin, but built up from training.’
      • ‘He does this effortlessly and without changing the blank expression on his slightly plump face.’
      • ‘They were all rather plump people and Alina's slender figure did not fit in with them.’
      • ‘He was rather plump and his stomach wobbled when he laughed.’
      • ‘Mrs Reynolds was a small and rather plump lady with a kind and caring face.’
      • ‘And the first season was rich and fruitful for the sons of Kahn, and their bellies grew round and plump with milk and honey.’
      • ‘The woman had gray hair, and was slightly plump.’

verb

[with object]
  • 1Shake or pat (a cushion or pillow) to adjust its stuffing and make it rounded and soft.

    ‘she plumped up her pillows’
    • ‘The red haired nurse eventually left after plumping my pillow and fetching me some water.’
    • ‘I was running from the kitchen to the living room, plumping the cushions and getting drinks in place, closing curtains to avoid sun-glare, the quickest of showers, a change into fresh clothes.’
    • ‘After plumping the pillow, I seated myself on the bed, looking out the window at the field and the parts of the castle beyond that.’
    • ‘Kristyn plumped her pillows and gently laid her back while she ran to fetch another basin.’
    • ‘They'd filled the crystal decanter on her bedside table with fresh water and plumped the pillows and put a nightdress ready.’
    • ‘I have not only allowed, but positively encouraged all this, even plumping up the cushion before he settles down.’
    • ‘Returning to the bed, she plumped up the pillows, settled herself and began to stitch.’
    • ‘You've crawled into bed, snuggled under the duvet, plumped up the pillows, made yourself as comfortable as possible and can feel yourself drifting away into the land of nod.’
    • ‘It was with motherly affection and worry that she mindlessly tucked her daughter in tighter, trying to get the creases out of the sheets and plumping up the pillows.’
    • ‘He'll plump up a pillow, smooth out a bedspread, turn on a light, turn down the air conditioning.’
    • ‘Once the cushions had been plumped up to her satisfaction, she wouldn't allow her children to sit on them.’
    • ‘When she's not tending to her family, Vera makes tea and plumps cushions for sick neighbours.’
    • ‘Despite her refusal to buy anything, the salesman measured her bed while she lay on it and plumped up pillows around her back and feet.’
    • ‘I even had a concierge to plump up my pillows each evening.’
    • ‘I plumped up the pillows and sat up in bed to eat it.’
    1. 1.1plump upno object Become rounder and fatter.
      ‘stew the dried fruits gently until they plump up’
      • ‘Such treatments are used to reshape the face, such as plumping up the lips.’
      • ‘The marinades are used to plump up the chicken before it is covered in spices and fried.’
      • ‘Let the couscous plump up for 15 minutes, then fork it through to separate the grains.’
      • ‘They love the new foundations, which give light coverage and appear to plump up the skin, lending it a natural, youthful glow.’
      • ‘It moisturizes the hair and plumps up the cuticle layer.’
      • ‘New techniques involving lasers to blast uneven pigmentation, acid peels to smooth crepey skin and injections to plump up wrinkles or freeze facial muscles have all been developed and refined over the last decade.’
      • ‘Add the currants and, when they plump up, stir in the sugar and tomato paste.’
      • ‘Since it plumps up with the liquid, this is way more than two people can heathily eat.’
      • ‘Quick and easy cosmetic treatments are readily available, with clinics, salons and even your local gym promising to smooth out wrinkles or plump up lips.’
      • ‘I've always had thin lips and I wanted them plumped up to be fashionable.’
      • ‘‘It temporarily plumped up the skin on my thighs and rear,’ said one.’
      • ‘Henna plumps up your hair by coating each strand.’
      • ‘Similar to collagen injections, it plumps up creases in the face.’
      • ‘A quick feed with general lawn fertiliser now will plump up grass blades.’
      • ‘Caribbean bananas taste better than dollar bananas because they are less chemical, less plumped up with fertilisers.’

Origin

Late 15th century (in the sense ‘blunt, forthright’): related to Middle Dutch plomp, Middle Low German plump, plomp ‘blunt, obtuse, blockish’. The sense has become appreciative, perhaps by association with plum.

Pronunciation

plump

/plʌmp/

Main definitions of plump in English

: plump1plump2plump3

plump2

verb

  • 1with object and adverbial of place Set down heavily or unceremoniously.

    ‘she plumped her bag on the table’
    • ‘He turned over and wrinkled his nose as plumping his head back down on the pillow sent another waft of unfamiliar smell up it.’
    • ‘She glared back at him and then picked up her bag and moved one seat down, plumping her bag on the seat between them.’
    • ‘The waiter, almost literally staggering under the weight, plumped a huge oval plateful of sizzling ribs in front of Lili.’
    • ‘I plumped my mother under a tree and walked around to take in some action.’
    put, put down, set, set down, deposit, dump, stick, place
    View synonyms
    1. 1.1plump oneself Sit down heavily and unceremoniously.
      ‘she plumped herself down in the nearest seat’
      no object ‘he plumped down on the bench beside me’
      • ‘‘Let's sit here,’ she brayed and plumped herself in front of me.’
      • ‘She plumped herself on the couch, looking and sounding exhausted.’
      • ‘She strolled into her hotel room and plumped down on the bed.’
      • ‘She plumped down into the red velvet chair and poured the tea.’
      • ‘Once she got there, she plumped herself on her bed.’
      • ‘She finally plumped down on her bed, sulking.’
      • ‘Ten minutes into the production, four young lads tear around the performance space, plump themselves down to quietly watch the show for half an hour, and then tear off again - just as Decky and his friends do within the play.’
      • ‘The pews were already full, and women had plumped down in the aisles, their children scattered around them.’
      • ‘At any rate, he ran back two or three yards and plumped down behind a rock.’
      • ‘She plumped down on the cushion and started looking through a magazine.’
      flop, collapse, sink, fall, drop, slump, plop oneself
      View synonyms
  • 2plump forno object Decide definitely in favour of (one of two or more possibilities)

    ‘offered a choice of drinks, he plumped for brandy’
    • ‘I plumped instead for the raspberry jam tart with lemon grass crème fraîche, which was without a doubt the best dessert I've eaten all year.’
    • ‘Miffed and thirsty, some filed out to find solace in pricey cybercafes, while others decided to plump for the free buffet chicken wings.’
    • ‘With so many brands and types of wine on the shelves, many bemused Scottish consumers plump for a bottle because the design on the label looks good.’
    • ‘Lisa had promised me bacon covered in maple syrup, but in the end I plumped (which is an apt word) for the sausage and egg sandwiches with a side order of raisin toast.’
    • ‘Jamie plumped for the poached mussels to start with, while I chose the baby goat's cheese wrapped in smoked salmon with apricot sabayon.’
    • ‘The votes were reasonably predictable with a majority plumping for favourites France.’
    • ‘We plumped for option B. Now, I wish we had known there was something in between.’
    • ‘They have steered clear of the conventional list of present ideas, plumping instead for a selection of suggestions featuring donations to worthy causes.’
    • ‘But, as we reported last week, the company have finally plumped for their own services.’
    • ‘The company rejected 33 designs before plumping for the present one.’
    • ‘My mother grew up in Gloucestershire, so I plumped, first, for a wedge of a cheese from that County that I had never heard of before.’
    • ‘The McConnells have instead plumped to stay in their family home in Wishaw, which they moved to 1999.’
    • ‘Given the choice of shirt colour, it was assumed that Eriksson would plump for the lucky red favoured by England these days.’
    • ‘Although reasonable food was available in jail most inmates plumped for the least healthy option, they added.’
    • ‘When she is given the opportunity to hire an assistant, Carla plumps for the oddball Paul, a comprehensively under qualified but malleable parolee in whom she spots considerable potential.’
    • ‘Women plumped for similarly high-flying partners, including managers, architects and designers, and lawyers.’
    • ‘I guess philosophy must do something to your libido, because most philosophers unhesitatingly plump for the Socratic option.’
    • ‘And he eventually plumped for the controversial latecomer without proper technical judgments made on its suitability or the likely cost.’
    • ‘The company had spoken to other food companies and even considered closing the unit before plumping for a management buyout.’
    • ‘Television broadcasters on this side of the pond have already plumped for old favourites.’
    choose, decide on, go for, opt for, pick, pick out, settle on, select, take, elect, fix on, come down in favour of, vote for, single out, prefer
    View synonyms

noun

archaic
  • An abrupt plunge; a heavy fall.

    ‘the wagon came into a deep hole, with such a plump’

adverb

informal
  • 1With a sudden or heavy fall.

    ‘she sat down plump on the bed’
    • ‘I sat down plump on the ground, almost falling into the pool.’
  • 2dated Directly and bluntly.

    ‘he must tell her plump and plain that he was on the dole’

Origin

Late Middle English: related to Middle Low German plumpen, Middle Dutch plompen ‘fall into water’, probably of imitative origin.

Pronunciation

plump

/plʌmp/

Main definitions of plump in English

: plump1plump2plump3

plump3

noun

rare
  • A flock of wildfowl.

    ‘a plump of ducks rose at the same time’
    • ‘To her left was a plump of live ducks looking on and to her right a sack full of slaughtered, disembowelled, and plucked carcasses.’
    • ‘In a nearby gut of water, a plump of geese clustered together.’
    • ‘Whats sportsman is there who at some time may not have been crossed by a flock of geese or a plump of wild ducks as he has been shooting pheasants or woodcocks?’

Origin

Late Middle English (in sense ‘group of people’): of uncertain origin; possibly related to clump and lump.

Pronunciation

plump

/plʌmp/